Vietnam Grading System

High School Grade Scale

The grading system in Vietnam for high secondary education (high school) varies slightly from one institution to another but generally follows a standard format. Here’s an overview of the common grading scale used in Vietnamese high schools, along with their comparable English terms, equivalent percentage ranges, and GPA (Grade Point Average) values.

Vietnam GradesComparable English TermsPercentage RangeGPA (out of 4.0)
9-10Excellent (A)85-100%3.6-4.0
7-8.9Good (B)70-84%2.6-3.59
5-6.9Average (C)50-69%1.6-2.59
3-4.9Below Average (D)30-49%1.0-1.59
0-2.9Fail (F)Below 30%0-0.99

In some schools, variations like ‘+’ and ‘-‘ may further differentiate grades within these ranges (e.g., B+ or C-).

College Grade Scale

At the college/university level in Vietnam, the grading scale becomes slightly more nuanced, incorporating both letter grades and their equivalent numerical, percentage, and GPA values. Here’s how it typically breaks down:

Vietnam GradesComparable English TermsPercentage RangeGPA (out of 4.0)
A (9-10)Excellent85-100%3.6-4.0
B+ (8-8.9)Very Good75-84%3.0-3.59
B (7-7.9)Good65-74%2.5-2.99
C+ (6-6.9)Above Average55-64%2.0-2.49
C (5-5.9)Average50-54%1.5-1.99
D+ (4-4.9)Below Average40-49%1.0-1.49
D (3-3.9)Poor30-39%0.5-0.99
F (<3)FailBelow 30%0

This table indicates that at the university level, there’s a finer grading resolution, especially in the mid to high-grade ranges, with the inclusion of ‘+’ and ‘-‘ variations to provide more precise assessments of student performance.

Please note, these scales are general guides. Individual institutions may have their own specific grading policies, including variations in the percentage ranges and GPA calculations. It’s always a good idea to check with the specific educational institution for their exact grading criteria.

Understanding Grades in Vietnam

Grades in Vietnam’s educational system carry specific meanings and implications for students’ academic performance, from high school through to university level. Let’s explore what each grade signifies:

Excellent (A: 9-10)

๐ŸŒŸ This grade signifies outstanding performance, demonstrating a deep understanding and mastery of the subject matter. Students who achieve this level are considered to have met all the course requirements and exceeded expectations, showing the ability to apply knowledge creatively and effectively.

Very Good (B+: 8-8.9) / Good (B: 7-7.9)

๐Ÿ‘ These grades indicate a strong grasp of the course content, with students able to apply key concepts and skills competently. A ‘Very Good’ is a notch above ‘Good,’ suggesting higher analytical skills and a better understanding of complex subjects.

Above Average (C+: 6-6.9)

๐Ÿ“ˆ This grade reflects a fair understanding of the subject, with the student showing proficiency in most areas of the course. It suggests that while the student meets the basic learning objectives, there’s room for improvement in understanding and application.

Average (C: 5-5.9)

๐Ÿ†— An ‘Average’ grade indicates that the student has met the minimum requirements to pass the course but lacks a strong grasp of more complex concepts and skills. It points to a basic level of understanding, with significant room for improvement.

Below Average (D+: 4-4.9) / Poor (D: 3-3.9)

โš ๏ธ These grades signal that the student is struggling with the course content. They have only achieved a minimal understanding and are below the expected competency level. It suggests the need for additional support and effort to reach satisfactory performance.

Fail (F: <3)

โŒ A failing grade indicates that the student has not met the minimum requirements of the course. This grade reflects a significant lack of understanding of the basic principles and concepts, requiring substantial improvement and possibly re-enrollment in the course or subject.

Understanding these grades is crucial for students and parents alike, as they provide insights into academic performance and areas requiring attention or improvement. Each grade not only reflects current performance but also guides future efforts towards academic success.

Vietnam Grade Comparison

To provide a clearer picture of how the Vietnamese grading system aligns with other countries, this table compares Vietnam’s grades with those of the US, UK, India, Australia, and Canada. Each country has its own unique grading scale, but we can draw parallels based on equivalent levels of academic achievement.

High School and University Grade Comparison

Vietnam GradeUS GradeUK GradeIndia GradeAustralia GradeCanada GradeChina Grade
9-10 (A)AFirst-class90-100%High DistinctionAA (90-100%)
8-8.9 (B+)A-Upper second75-89%DistinctionA-A- (85-89%)
7-7.9 (B)B+Lower second60-74%CreditBB (80-84%)
6-6.9 (C+)BThird class50-59%PassB-C+ (75-79%)
5-5.9 (C)C+Pass40-49%Pass ConcededC+C (70-74%)
4-4.9 (D+)COrdinary degree35-39%FailCD+ (65-69%)
3-3.9 (D)D30-34%DD (60-64%)
<3 (F)FFailBelow 30%FailFF (<60%)

This comparison highlights the broad equivalence of grades across different educational systems, facilitating understanding and evaluation of academic achievements internationally.

Please note, the comparison is approximate, as grading standards and interpretations can vary significantly between different educational institutions and countries. For instance, what constitutes a “Pass” or “Distinction” can differ based on local policies, course difficulty, and grading criteria. This table serves as a general guide for understanding how Vietnamese grades might translate into other grading systems for academic and professional purposes.

Special Grading Considerations

The grading system in Vietnam, like in many countries, isn’t uniform across all states and types of schools. Variations can exist due to different educational policies, school types (public vs. private), and even teachers’ grading practices. Understanding these nuances is crucial for a comprehensive grasp of the Vietnamese grading system.

Variations Across States and School Types

Public vs. Private Schools: Public schools in Vietnam generally follow the grading system set forth by the Ministry of Education and Training. Private schools, however, might adopt different grading scales or criteria, aiming to align with international standards or their educational philosophies. This could lead to more lenient or strict grading practices compared to public schools.

International Schools: These schools often follow foreign curriculums, such as the International Baccalaureate (IB), the British GCSE and A-Levels, or the American high school diploma. As such, their grading scales may closely mirror those used in the respective countries rather than the traditional Vietnamese system.

Grading Practices and Teacher Discretion

Teachers in Vietnam, as elsewhere, have a degree of discretion in grading. This means two teachers might assess student performance differently, even if they’re teaching the same subject. Factors influencing grading include:

  • Participation and Attendance: Some teachers may factor these into the final grade, rewarding students who are actively engaged in class.
  • Homework and Assignments: The weight given to coursework can vary, affecting how final grades are calculated.
  • Examinations: The emphasis on midterm and final exams can significantly impact final grades, with some teachers prioritizing exam performance over coursework.

Handling of Failing Grades

Failing grades in Vietnam are handled with a focus on student improvement and learning recovery. Strategies might include:

  • Remedial Classes: Students who fail may be required to attend additional classes or tutoring sessions to address learning gaps.
  • Re-examination: In some cases, students might be offered a chance to retake exams after additional study.
  • Grade Retention: While less common, students with multiple failing grades may be required to repeat the year, particularly at critical junctures like the transition from middle school to high school.

The approach to failing grades reflects a broader educational philosophy emphasizing growth, learning, and the opportunity for all students to succeed. Schools and teachers aim to provide support structures that help students overcome academic challenges, rather than penalizing failure with no path forward.

Understanding these variations and considerations can help students and parents navigate the educational landscape in Vietnam more effectively, setting realistic expectations and seeking appropriate support when needed.


Q: What is the passing grade in Vietnamese high schools?
A: The passing grade in Vietnamese high schools is generally considered to be 5.0 or above on a scale of 0 to 10. However, this can vary depending on the specific requirements of each school or subject.

Q: Can a student improve a failing grade in Vietnam?
A: Yes, students often have opportunities to improve failing grades through remedial classes, retaking exams, or completing additional assignments. The specific options available can depend on the school’s policies.

Q: How do Vietnamese grades translate to GPA?
A: Vietnamese grades can be converted to a GPA (Grade Point Average) on a 4.0 scale for college applications, especially abroad. The conversion process may vary slightly by institution, but typically follows a standard formula reflecting the student’s performance across subjects.

Q: Are there significant differences between grading in public and private schools in Vietnam?
A: Yes, there can be differences. Private schools might adopt different grading standards or scales, potentially in alignment with international curriculums. Public schools follow the national grading system set by the Ministry of Education and Training.

Q: How does Vietnam’s grading system compare with international systems?
A: Vietnam’s grading system, with its 0 to 10 scale and corresponding letter grades at the university level, can be mapped to international grading systems for academic equivalence. This allows for the assessment of Vietnamese students’ performance in contexts like international university admissions or employment abroad.

Q: What impact does teacher discretion have on grading?
A: Teacher discretion can influence grading through the weighting of participation, homework, and exams. While educational standards provide a framework, individual teachers may prioritize different aspects of student performance, leading to variations in grading practices.

Q: What resources are available for students struggling academically in Vietnam?
A: Resources for struggling students may include tutoring services, additional classes offered by the school, online educational platforms, and study groups. Schools and teachers generally aim to support student learning and improvement.

These FAQs aim to address common questions and concerns regarding the Vietnamese grading system, providing insights for students, parents, and educators navigating the educational landscape in Vietnam.

Additional Resources

Finding reliable and authoritative resources on the Vietnamese grading system can be challenging, especially for those looking for specific guidelines or seeking to compare it with international standards. Here’s a list of recommended official sources and helpful websites that provide detailed information on grades in Vietnam, including explanations, comparisons, and guidance for students, parents, and educators:

  1. Vietnam Ministry of Education and Training (MOET): The MOET website is the primary source for official educational policies, grading systems, and academic standards in Vietnam. It offers comprehensive guides on the national curriculum, assessment criteria, and updates on educational reforms. Website:
  2. Vietnamese Universities’ Official Websites: Many universities in Vietnam publish their grading scales, academic regulations, and course descriptions online. These resources are invaluable for understanding how grades are assigned and interpreted at the tertiary level. Examples include Vietnam National University, Hanoi, and the University of Science and Technology, HCMC.
  3. Educational Portals and Forums: Websites like Giรกo Dแปฅc ( offer articles, forums, and advice on the Vietnamese educational system, including grading. These platforms can be useful for students and parents seeking advice or experiences from others within the educational community.
  4. International Education Services: Organizations that provide comparisons and equivalency services, such as NARIC (National Recognition Information Centre) for the UK or WES (World Education Services) for the US and Canada, can offer insights into how Vietnamese grades translate into other educational systems. These resources are particularly useful for students applying to study abroad.
  5. Embassy and Consular Services: Embassies and consulates often have educational sections that provide information on the grading systems of their respective countries and how they compare with Vietnamese grades. This can be helpful for students considering studying overseas.
  6. Online Educational Resources: Platforms like Coursera, Khan Academy, and others, while not specific to the Vietnamese educational system, offer supplementary learning materials that can help students improve their grades and understanding of various subjects.

Each of these resources can provide valuable insights and information for navigating the educational landscape in Vietnam, from understanding the grading system to seeking academic support and planning for higher education.