Timor-Leste Grading System

High School Grade Scale

The grading system for high secondary education in Timor-Leste can be quite distinct from what many international students might be accustomed to. Below is a table that outlines the main grade scales used in Timor-Leste for high secondary education. Note that there may be variations such as ‘+’ and ‘-‘ within certain schools to denote slight differences in performance within the same grade category.

Timor-Leste GradesComparable English TermsEquivalent Percentage RangeEquivalent GPA
Excelente (E)Excellent90-100%4.0
Muito Bom (MB)Very Good80-89%3.0 – 3.9
Bom (B)Good70-79%2.0 – 2.9
Suficiente (S)Satisfactory60-69%1.0 – 1.9
Insuficiente (I)InsufficientBelow 60%0 – 0.9

College Grade Scale

At the college or university level in Timor-Leste, the grading system may follow a similar structure but can differ slightly in terms of percentage ranges or GPA equivalents. Here’s a general guide:

Timor-Leste GradesComparable English TermsEquivalent Percentage RangeEquivalent GPA
Excelente (E)Excellent85-100%4.0
Muito Bom (MB)Very Good75-84%3.0 – 3.9
Bom (B)Good65-74%2.0 – 2.9
Suficiente (S)Satisfactory55-64%1.0 – 1.9
Insuficiente (I)FailBelow 55%0 – 0.9

Schools and universities may adopt slightly different grading scales or additional grades like ‘+’ or ‘-‘ to further differentiate students’ performance within these categories. It’s always a good idea for students and parents to check with the specific educational institution for the most accurate grading scale information.

Stay tuned for a deeper understanding of what each grade signifies! 📘🎓

Understanding Grades in Timor-Leste

🌟 Excelente (E) – Excellent

The “Excelente” grade is the pinnacle of academic achievement, symbolizing outstanding performance and mastery over the subject matter. Students receiving an “E” have demonstrated a profound understanding of the course content, going above and beyond the standard requirements. This grade often reflects exceptional analytical skills, innovative thinking, and the ability to apply knowledge in practical contexts.

🌞 Muito Bom (MB) – Very Good

The “Muito Bom” grade signifies a very good grasp of the subject, with students displaying strong competence in the coursework. These students have exceeded the basic requirements, showing an ability to engage with complex material and present it in a coherent and insightful manner. It indicates a high level of proficiency, though just shy of the excellence denoted by an “E.”

👍 Bom (B) – Good

Earning a “Bom” grade indicates a good understanding and competence in the subject area. Students with this grade have met all the basic learning objectives and are able to apply their knowledge effectively. While there may be room for deeper insight or more consistent performance, a “B” reflects solid achievement and a strong foundation in the coursework.

✅ Suficiente (S) – Satisfactory

The “Suficiente” grade represents a satisfactory performance, meeting the minimum requirements for passing. Students with this grade have shown a basic understanding of the material but may need to develop their skills and knowledge further to achieve higher grades. This level suggests that while the essential criteria have been met, there’s potential for improvement in comprehension and application.

❌ Insuficiente (I) – Insufficient

An “Insuficiente” grade indicates that the student has not met the required standards for passing. This grade points to a need for significant improvement and additional study. Students receiving an “I” may struggle with understanding the core concepts of the subject or have difficulty applying them. It often necessitates further instruction, tutoring, or retaking the course to achieve a satisfactory understanding.

Understanding these grades provides insight into the academic expectations in Timor-Leste’s education system. Each grade not only measures academic performance but also serves as feedback for students on their learning journey. 📚💡

Timor-Leste Grade Comparison

Comparing grades across different educational systems can provide valuable insights for students studying abroad, international admissions officers, and educators looking to understand the academic performance of students from Timor-Leste. Below is a table that offers a general comparison of Timor-Leste’s grading system with those of the US, UK, India, Australia, Canada, and China.

Please note that grading systems can vary significantly between countries and institutions, so this table should be used as a general guide rather than an exact conversion.

Timor-Leste GradeUS GradeUK GradeIndia GradeAustralia GradeCanada GradeChina Grade
Excelente (E)AFirst-class HonoursO (Outstanding)High Distinction (HD)AA (90-100)
Muito Bom (MB)A-/B+Upper Second-class Honours (2:1)A (Excellent)Distinction (D)A-/B+A-/B+ (85-89)
Bom (B)BLower Second-class Honours (2:2)B+ (Very Good)Credit (C)BB (75-84)
Suficiente (S)CThird-class HonoursB (Good)Pass (P)CC (60-74)
Insuficiente (I)FFailF (Fail)Fail (F)FF (<60)

This comparison highlights the diverse ways academic performance is measured and categorized around the world. While some countries, like the US and Canada, use letter grades, others, such as the UK and Australia, have unique classifications especially at the university level. India’s grading often includes a range of letter grades and descriptors, similar to Timor-Leste’s, but with different percentage ranges. China’s grading system, like Timor-Leste’s, uses a numerical range but with slight variations in the percentages associated with each letter grade.

Understanding these differences is crucial for students moving between these educational systems, whether through exchange programs, pursuing further education abroad, or for educators assessing international students’ transcripts.

Special Grading Considerations

In Timor-Leste, as in many countries, variations in grading practices can exist across different states, regions, and types of schools. These differences reflect the diverse educational landscapes and policies within the country. Understanding these variations is key for students, parents, and educators to navigate the education system effectively.

Variations Across States and School Types

  • Regional Differences: Some regions may have slight differences in how grades are calculated or awarded, influenced by local educational policies or traditions. This can affect the weighting of assignments, exams, and participation in the final grade.
  • Public vs. Private Institutions: Private schools in Timor-Leste may adopt different grading scales or criteria, potentially reflecting international standards or specific educational philosophies. This can lead to variations when comparing grades across different types of institutions.
  • Vocational vs. Academic Tracks: Vocational schools may emphasize practical skills and competencies, which can influence grading criteria and scales. These schools might prioritize project-based assessments over traditional exams, affecting how grades are assigned.

Teacher Discretion in Grading

Teachers play a significant role in the grading process, and their assessment practices can vary based on their professional judgment, experience, and the educational context. This includes:

  • Flexibility in Assessments: Teachers may have discretion in choosing the types of assignments and exams they give, which can influence grading outcomes.
  • Subjectivity in Evaluative Criteria: Especially in subjects requiring subjective evaluation (e.g., arts, literature), teachers’ personal standards and expectations can impact grades.

Handling Failing Grades

In Timor-Leste, schools have specific policies for handling failing grades, which can include:

  • Remedial Classes: Students who receive insufficient grades may be required to attend additional classes or tutoring sessions to improve their understanding of the subject matter.
  • Retaking Exams: Some schools offer the opportunity to retake exams or complete extra assignments to improve failing grades.
  • Repeating Courses: In cases of consistent underperformance, students might need to repeat the course or year to progress in their studies.

Understanding these special considerations is crucial for students navigating the educational landscape in Timor-Leste. Awareness of regional variations, institutional differences, and the role of teacher discretion can help students and parents make informed decisions about education pathways and support needs.


Q: What is the highest grade in Timor-Leste’s education system?
A: The highest grade in Timor-Leste’s education system is “Excelente (E),” which signifies exceptional performance and understanding of the course material, equivalent to 90-100% or a 4.0 GPA in the context of high school and college/university levels.

Q: Can students improve their grades after receiving an initial assessment?
A: Yes, students often have opportunities to improve their grades through remedial classes, retaking exams, or completing additional assignments, depending on the policies of their specific school or university.

Q: How are failing grades handled in Timor-Leste’s schools?
A: Failing grades, or “Insuficiente (I),” may require students to attend remedial classes, retake exams, or in some cases, repeat the course or school year. The exact approach depends on the institution’s policies.

Q: Are there differences in grading between different types of schools in Timor-Leste?
A: Yes, there can be differences in grading scales and criteria between public and private schools, as well as between academic and vocational institutions. These differences reflect various educational philosophies and objectives.

Q: How does Timor-Leste’s grading system compare to international standards?
A: Timor-Leste’s grading system has both similarities and differences when compared to international standards. The system uses letter grades and descriptors similar to those in many countries but may vary in the percentage ranges associated with each grade. Comparisons with specific countries’ grading systems can help students and educators understand these differences better.

Q: What should international institutions know about interpreting Timor-Leste grades?
A: International institutions should be aware that while Timor-Leste’s grading system follows a recognizable format of letter grades and descriptors, there may be nuanced differences in the criteria for awarding these grades. It’s important to consider the context of the educational system and possibly seek conversion guides or additional information when assessing grades from Timor-Leste students.

Additional Resources

Unfortunately, without real-time internet access or the ability to browse current websites, I cannot provide direct links to .edu or .gov websites from Timor-Leste that offer official information on the grading system. However, I can suggest the types of resources that would typically be helpful for students, educators, and parents looking to understand more about Timor-Leste’s grading system:

  1. Ministry of Education of Timor-Leste’s Official Website: This government resource would be the primary source for official educational policies, grading systems, and academic standards in Timor-Leste. It may offer detailed guides, policy documents, and contact information for further inquiries.
  2. Educational Institutions’ Websites: Websites of universities and high schools in Timor-Leste often provide specific information on their grading practices, including variations for different programs or levels of study. These resources can be invaluable for understanding the criteria and expectations specific to an institution.
  3. Academic Portals and Educational Resources: Websites dedicated to educational support and academic resources in Timor-Leste may offer comparisons of the grading system with those of other countries, advice for students on improving grades, and explanations of the grading scale.
  4. International Education Boards: Organizations that facilitate international education exchanges, such as the International Baccalaureate (IB) or Cambridge International, might have resources comparing Timor-Leste’s grading system to international standards, helpful for students studying abroad or applying to foreign universities.

For accurate and up-to-date information, visiting the official .edu or .gov websites of Timor-Leste’s educational authorities or specific academic institutions is recommended. These sites are essential for anyone looking to navigate the educational landscape of Timor-Leste, whether they are local students, international applicants, or educational professionals.