Slovakia Grading System

The grading system in Slovakia varies slightly between high secondary education (typically referred to as high schools) and higher education institutions such as colleges and universities. Here, we will explore the main grade scales used across these educational levels. Additionally, some schools might use ‘+’ and ‘-‘ signs to indicate slight variations within a grade, although this practice is not universally adopted.

High School Grade Scale

The following table outlines the grading scale commonly used in Slovak high schools, along with comparable English terms, equivalent percentage ranges, and GPA (Grade Point Average) values where applicable:

Slovakia GradesTermsComparable English TermsPercentage RangeGPA
1VýbornýExcellent90% – 100%A / 4.0
2ChválitebnýVery Good80%89%B / 3.0
3DobrýGood70%79%C / 2.0
4DostatočnýSatisfactory60%69%D / 1.0
5NedostatočnýUnsatisfactory / FailBelow 60%F / 0.0

College Grade Scale

At the college or university level in Slovakia, the grading scale is similar but may be applied with slightly different criteria based on the complexity of the coursework and the rigor of the academic program:

Slovakia GradesTermsComparable English TermsPercentage RangeGPA
1VýbornýExcellent90% – 100%A / 4.0
2ChválitebnýVery Good80% – 89%B / 3.0
3DobrýGood70% – 79%C / 2.0
4DostatočnýSatisfactory60% – 69%D / 1.0
5NedostatočnýUnsatisfactory / FailBelow 60%F / 0.0

Please note that while the basic framework of the grading system remains consistent across different educational levels, individual institutions may have specific guidelines or additional grade distinctions such as ‘+/-‘ to further differentiate student performance within these broad categories.

Understanding Grades in Slovakia

Grades in Slovakia serve as a standard measure of students’ academic performance, with each grade reflecting a specific level of achievement. Let’s dive into what each grade signifies and the expectations behind them. Using emojis for a touch of fun, we’ll explore the meaning behind each grade level.

🌟 1 – Výborný (Excellent)

  • Emoji: 🌟
  • Meaning: This grade stands for exceptional performance, indicating a deep understanding of the subject matter and the ability to apply knowledge creatively and effectively. Students receiving a 1 are seen as having mastered the course content to the highest standard.
  • Expectations: High levels of critical thinking, creativity, and application skills in complex situations.

👍 2 – Chválitebný (Very Good)

  • Emoji: 👍
  • Meaning: Signifies very good performance with strong knowledge of the subject, although there might be minor mistakes or areas for improvement. It reflects a solid understanding and ability to apply concepts well.
  • Expectations: Good grasp of material with minor errors, showing ability to apply knowledge in familiar contexts.

😊 3 – Dobrý (Good)

  • Emoji: 😊
  • Meaning: Represents satisfactory performance, with a good foundational understanding of the subject. There may be notable gaps in knowledge or application, but overall competence is demonstrated.
  • Expectations: Adequate understanding and application of concepts with some significant gaps.

👌 4 – Dostatočný (Satisfactory)

  • Emoji: 👌
  • Meaning: Indicates a basic level of achievement, meeting the minimum criteria. This grade suggests that the student has a general but limited understanding of the subject, with room for significant improvement.
  • Expectations: Basic comprehension and application, meeting minimum requirements but with considerable room for improvement.

🚫 5 – Nedostatočný (Unsatisfactory / Fail)

  • Emoji: 🚫
  • Meaning: Reflects inadequate understanding or performance, failing to meet the minimum academic standards. This grade signifies that significant improvements are needed.
  • Expectations: Below satisfactory performance, indicating a failure to achieve a basic understanding or application of the subject matter.

Understanding these grades and what they represent helps students, parents, and educators to better grasp academic achievements and areas needing improvement. Each grade is not just a number but a descriptor of the level of mastery a student has attained in their studies, guiding them towards areas where they can enhance their learning.

Slovakia Grade Comparison

To provide a global context and better understand the Slovak grading system, we’ll compare it with the grading systems of several other countries, including the US, UK, India, Australia, Canada, and China. This comparison aims to illustrate how Slovak grades might translate into different educational cultures and standards.

High School Grade Scale Comparison

Slovakia GradesUS GradesUK Grades (GCSE)India GradesAustralia GradesCanada GradesChina Grades
1 (Výborný)A9 (A*)A1AAA (90-100%)
2 (Chválitebný)B7-8 (A)A2BBB (80-89%)
3 (Dobrý)C6 (B)B1CCC (70-79%)
4 (Dostatočný)D4-5 (C)B2DDD (60-69%)
5 (Nedostatočný)F3 (D), U (Fail)C (Fail)FFF (<60%)

College Grade Scale Comparison

While the college/university grading scales can be more diverse due to different assessment criteria, the comparison below provides a general guide:

Slovakia GradesUS GPAUK ClassIndia PercentageAustralia LevelCanada GPAChina Percentage
1 (Excellent)4.0First-class75-100%High Distinction4.085-100%
2 (Very Good)3.0-3.9Upper Second60-74%Distinction3.0-3.975-84%
3 (Good)2.0-2.9Lower Second50-59%Credit2.0-2.965-74%
4 (Satisfactory)1.0-1.9Third-class40-49%Pass1.0-1.960-64%
5 (Fail)0.0FailBelow 40%Fail0.0Below 60%

This comparison should provide a clearer picture of how academic performance in Slovakia might be interpreted or equated to standards in other educational systems around the world. It’s important to note that these comparisons are approximate and can vary significantly based on specific institutional criteria or national education policies.

Special Grading Considerations

In Slovakia, as in many countries, grading practices can vary significantly across different states, schools, and even among individual teachers within the same institution. These variations often reflect diverse educational philosophies, subject matter complexities, and the specific objectives of each educational program.

Variations Across States and School Types

  • Curricular Differences: Depending on the region, curriculum emphases may shift, leading to slight adjustments in grading criteria to accommodate local educational priorities or state mandates.
  • Vocational vs. Academic Tracks: Vocational schools might employ a more skills-oriented grading approach, focusing on practical competencies, whereas academic tracks might emphasize theoretical knowledge and its application, affecting grading criteria accordingly.

Teacher Discretion

  • Grading Practices: Teachers have a degree of discretion in how they apply the grading scale, particularly when it comes to borderline cases. For instance, a student’s effort, participation, and improvement over time may influence the final grade.
  • Subjectivity: Subjects that are more subjective in nature, such as arts and humanities, might see a wider range of interpretations of grade criteria, compared to more objective subjects like mathematics.

Handling of Failing Grades

  • Remedial Opportunities: Students receiving failing grades (5 – Nedostatočný) often have opportunities to retake exams or complete additional assignments to improve their grades.
  • Academic Support: Schools may provide tutoring or additional support to help struggling students meet the required standards.
  • Impact on Progression: Consistently low grades can impact a student’s ability to progress to the next grade level or graduate, making early intervention and support crucial.

Understanding these variations is important for both students and parents to navigate the educational landscape effectively. It highlights the need for open communication with teachers and institutions to understand the specific grading policies and practices in place. Additionally, it underscores the importance of holistic assessment practices that consider a range of factors in determining a student’s academic achievement.


Below are some frequently asked questions about the grading system in Slovakia, providing quick insights into common curiosities and concerns.

Bold: What is the passing grade in Slovakia?
In Slovakia, the passing grade is 4 (Dostatočný) or higher. Any grade below, specifically a 5 (Nedostatočný), is considered failing and may require retaking the course or examination.

Bold: How do Slovak grades translate to the ECTS system?
Slovak grades can be roughly translated to the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) grades as follows: 1 (Výborný) = A, 2 (Chválitebný) = B, 3 (Dobrý) = C, 4 (Dostatočný) = D or E, and 5 (Nedostatočný) = F or FX, indicating a failing grade.

Bold: Can students improve their grades after receiving a final grade?
Yes, students often have the opportunity to improve their grades through supplementary exams or additional assignments, depending on the policies of the specific school or university.

Bold: Are there significant differences in grading between universities and high schools?
While the grading scale is generally consistent, universities may apply the criteria more rigorously due to the advanced nature of the coursework. Additionally, universities might use plus and minus grades to indicate more nuanced performance within a grade category.

Bold: How do failing grades affect a student’s progression?
Failing grades (5 – Nedostatočný) require immediate attention, as they can hinder a student’s ability to progress to the next academic level or graduate. Schools offer remedial options, but consistent poor performance might necessitate repeating a grade or additional interventions.

These FAQs aim to clarify common queries regarding the Slovak grading system, making it easier for students and parents to understand and navigate their academic journeys.

Additional Resources

For those seeking further information on the grading system in Slovakia, the following official sources and websites can provide detailed insights and updates:

  1. Ministry of Education, Science, Research, and Sport of the Slovak Republic (
  • Info: Offers comprehensive details on educational policies, grading standards, and academic regulations in Slovakia. A primary source for official educational guidelines and reforms.
  1. Slovak Centre for Scientific and Technical Information (
  • Info: Provides resources on scientific and educational research, including studies on educational assessment and grading practices in Slovakia. Useful for educators and researchers.
  1. Educational Portal EduPage (
  • Info: While not a government site, EduPage offers a platform for Slovak schools to manage grades, attendance, and school communication. It can give insights into the practical application of grading systems at various educational institutions.
  1. Slovak Academic Information Agency (
  • Info: Focuses on higher education and international academic cooperation. Contains information on university grading systems and how Slovak grades align with international standards, such as the ECTS.

These resources are valuable for students, parents, educators, and international scholars interested in understanding the nuances of Slovakia’s educational system, grading practices, and academic standards.