Singapore Grading System

High School Grade Scale

In Singapore’s high schools, also known as secondary schools, the grading system is quite comprehensive and is designed to accurately reflect a student’s performance across a range of subjects. Below is a table that outlines the main grade scales used, comparable English terms, and the equivalent percentage ranges and GPA values. Note that some schools may use ‘+’ or ‘-‘ to further distinguish performance within a grade band.

Singapore GradesComparable English TermsPercentage RangeGPA Equivalent
A1Excellent75% – 100%4.0
A2Very Good70%74%3.6
B4High Average60%64%2.8
C5Average55% – 59%2.4
C6Low Average50% – 54%2.0
D7Passing45% – 49%1.6
E8Weak Pass40% – 44%1.2
F9FailBelow 40%0

College Grade Scale

At the college or university level in Singapore, the grading system becomes more aligned with international standards, using both letter grades and GPA to reflect a student’s academic performance. Here is a table showing these grades, along with their percentage and GPA equivalents. Variations such as ‘+’ and ‘-‘ are also common in some institutions to provide a more nuanced evaluation.

Singapore GradesComparable English TermsPercentage RangeGPA Equivalent
A+Exceptional85% – 100%5.0
A-Very Good75% – 79%4.0
B+Good70% – 74%3.5
BHigh Average65% – 69%3.0
B-Average60% – 64%2.5
C+Satisfactory55% – 59%2.0
CPass50% – 54%1.5
DMarginal Pass45% – 49%1.0
FFailBelow 45%0

In both high school and college levels, these grades not only indicate a student’s mastery of the subject matter but also play a crucial role in their progression to higher levels of education and their career prospects. Variations in grading scales, such as the use of ‘+’ and ‘-‘ or even alternative grading systems, reflect the diversity and adaptability of educational institutions in Singapore to cater to different academic standards and student needs.

Understanding Grades in Singapore

Delving into the meaning of each grade helps students, parents, and educators understand the level of mastery a student has achieved in their subjects. Let’s break down what each grade signifies. 🌟

A1: Excellent 🌈

An A1 grade signifies exceptional performance, indicating that the student has mastered the subject matter with a deep understanding and ability to apply knowledge in various contexts. Students with A1 grades are considered top achievers.

A2: Very Good 🌟

Achieving an A2 grade means the student has performed very well, showing a strong grasp of the subject, though with slight room for improvement in certain areas. It’s a sign of high competence and understanding.

B3/B4: Good / High Average ✨

These grades reflect a good understanding of the subject. B3 suggests a solid performance with some minor areas for improvement, while B4 indicates a high average level of competence, with more noticeable gaps in understanding or application.

C5/C6: Average / Low Average 👍

C5 and C6 grades mean the student has achieved an average understanding of the subject. They demonstrate basic knowledge but may struggle with more complex concepts or applications. It’s a call to focus on areas of weakness.

D7: Passing 🛤️

A D7 grade is just above the failing mark, indicating that the student has met the minimum requirements to pass. Understanding is limited, and significant improvement is needed to grasp the subject matter fully.

E8: Weak Pass 🌥️

This grade suggests a weak grasp of the subject, barely meeting the minimum criteria for passing. Students with an E8 need to considerably improve their understanding and skills in the subject.

F9: Fail 🚫

An F9 grade means the student has not met the basic requirements of the subject. It indicates a significant lack of understanding and inability to apply core concepts.

Understanding these grades is crucial for identifying strengths and areas for improvement. For students, it provides a roadmap for academic focus and growth. For educators, it helps in tailoring instruction to meet students’ needs. And for parents, it offers insight into how best to support their child’s learning journey. Remember, each grade is a stepping stone towards academic and personal development. Keep aiming high! 🚀

Singapore Grade Comparison

In an increasingly global education landscape, understanding how Singapore’s grading system aligns with those of other countries can be incredibly useful, especially for international students and those considering studying abroad. Below is a comparative table that offers a snapshot of how Singapore’s grades translate into the grading systems of the US, UK, India, Australia, and Canada, as well as China. This comparison aims to provide a general guide and may vary slightly depending on specific institutions or contexts.

Singapore GradesUS GradesUK GradesIndia GradesAustralia GradesCanada GradesChina Grades
A1A+First Class90-100High DistinctionA+A+
A2AUpper Second80-89DistinctionAA
B3A-Lower Second70-79CreditA-A-
B4B+Third Class60-69CreditB+B+
F9FFailBelow 20FailFF

This table demonstrates the broad equivalence of grades across different countries, facilitating a better understanding for students moving between education systems. It’s important to note that grading practices can vary significantly between institutions within the same country, so this comparison should be taken as a general guideline rather than a strict rule.

For students planning to study abroad or transfer between institutions, it’s always a good idea to consult with academic advisors or the admissions departments of prospective schools to understand how your grades translate into their specific grading system. Keeping this comparison in mind can help you set realistic academic goals and better prepare for international educational opportunities.

Special Grading Considerations:

In Singapore, as with many countries, the application of the grading system can vary significantly across different states, school types, and even between teachers within the same institution. These variations are often influenced by educational policies, institutional standards, and individual educators’ assessment methods. Understanding these nuances is crucial for students and parents to navigate the education landscape effectively.

Variations Across Schools and Teachers

  • International vs. Local Schools: International schools in Singapore may follow different grading systems aligned with their country of origin (e.g., American, British, or International Baccalaureate). Consequently, the grading scales, interpretations, and academic expectations can differ substantially from those of local Singaporean schools.
  • Subjective Assessment Areas: For subjects requiring subjective assessment, such as art, literature, or personal projects, grading can vary more significantly based on the teacher’s criteria for evaluation. Teachers might place different emphases on creativity, technical skills, or analytical abilities.
  • Course Level and Difficulty: Advanced level courses or those considered more challenging may have different grading considerations. Some schools apply a scaling system to reflect the difficulty level of subjects, impacting the final grades students receive.

Handling Failing Grades

Failing grades are taken seriously within the Singapore education system, with various measures in place to support students in overcoming academic challenges:

  • Remedial Classes: Students receiving low or failing grades may be required or encouraged to attend remedial classes. These classes aim to address knowledge gaps and strengthen foundational skills.
  • Re-examination Opportunities: Some institutions offer the chance to retake exams or complete additional assignments to improve a failing grade. Policies on re-examinations vary between schools.
  • Academic Counseling: Schools often provide academic counseling services to help students understand the reasons behind their failing grades and develop strategies for improvement.

Teacher Grading Practices

Teachers in Singapore are trained to follow standard grading guidelines; however, personal discretion in marking, especially for essay-based or project-based assessments, can lead to slight variations in grading. Feedback from teachers becomes a critical component in guiding students on how to improve their performance.

The approach to grading and academic assessment in Singapore is designed to be rigorous yet fair, aiming to provide students with the best opportunities for learning and improvement. Understanding these special considerations can help students and parents manage expectations and seek out the necessary support for academic success.


Q: How is GPA calculated in Singapore’s universities?
A: GPA (Grade Point Average) in Singapore’s universities is typically calculated on a 4.0 or 5.0 scale, depending on the institution. Each grade is assigned a specific point value (e.g., A+ might be 5.0 on a 5.0 scale), and the GPA is the weighted average of these points based on the credit hours of each course. Students should consult their university’s specific guidelines for the most accurate calculation method.

Q: Can I improve my GPA after receiving a failing grade?
A: Yes, many institutions in Singapore offer ways to improve your GPA after receiving a failing grade, such as retaking the course or undertaking additional assignments. However, policies on grade improvement may vary, so it’s essential to check with your institution.

Q: Are there differences in grading scales between different courses or faculties within the same university?
A: Yes, there can be differences. While the overall grading scale remains consistent, the interpretation of grades (e.g., what constitutes an A vs. a B) can vary depending on the course or faculty’s academic standards and expectations.

Q: How do Singapore grades compare internationally?
A: Singapore grades are highly regarded internationally. However, because grading systems vary by country, direct comparisons can be challenging. Institutions often use conversion tables or evaluation services to interpret grades from foreign education systems.

Q: What should I do if I disagree with a grade I received?
A: If you disagree with a grade, it’s advisable to first discuss it directly with the teacher or professor responsible for the assessment. If unresolved, most schools and universities have formal appeal processes where you can contest a grade, but be prepared to provide solid justification for why your work deserves a reevaluation.

Q: How significant are grades for university admissions in Singapore?
A: Grades are a critical component of university admissions in Singapore, as they demonstrate academic capability and subject mastery. However, universities also consider other factors such as co-curricular activities, personal statements, and interviews, depending on the program and institution.

Q: Do all schools in Singapore follow the same grading system?
A: While there is a general framework for grading in Singapore, variations exist, especially between local and international schools. International schools may follow the grading system of their respective educational curriculum (e.g., IB, British, or American systems).

These FAQs aim to clarify common queries and concerns regarding the Singapore grading system, providing a helpful starting point for understanding how academic performance is assessed and interpreted within the country’s educational landscape.

Additional Resources

For those looking to delve deeper into the Singapore grading system and understand the nuances of academic assessment in this country, here are some invaluable resources. These websites are either .edu or .gov, ensuring that the information provided is authoritative and reliable.

  • Ministry of Education, Singapore (MOE):
    The MOE website is a treasure trove of information on the educational frameworks and policies in Singapore, including detailed explanations of the grading systems across different levels of education.
  • Singapore Examinations and Assessment Board (SEAB):
    SEAB offers comprehensive guides on examination formats, grading criteria, and assessment standards for national examinations, providing clarity on how grades are determined and standardized.
  • National University of Singapore (NUS):
    As one of the leading universities in Singapore, NUS’s website contains detailed information on university-level grading policies, GPA calculations, and academic regulations, offering insight into higher education assessment standards.
  • Nanyang Technological University (NTU):
    Similar to NUS, NTU provides extensive details on its grading system, academic expectations, and the importance of grades in student assessments and progression.
  • Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD):
    SUTD’s website includes information on its unique pedagogical approach and how it assesses students, offering a different perspective on grading in the context of design and technology education.

These websites are excellent starting points for anyone seeking to understand the specifics of the Singapore grading system, whether for personal interest, academic planning, or preparation for studying in Singapore. They provide official and up-to-date information directly from the institutions responsible for education in Singapore, ensuring accuracy and reliability.