Serbia Grading System

The grading system in Serbia for both high secondary education (which includes high schools) and higher education (colleges and universities) is relatively straightforward yet comprehensive, reflecting a student’s academic performance with precision. Here, we’ll explore the main grade scales used across these educational levels, including any variations such as ‘+’ or ‘-‘ signs within certain schools, and where applicable, list multiple grading scales. Let’s decode these scales in a friendly and informative manner! 📚

High School Grade Scale

Serbia GradesComparable English TermsEquivalent Percentage RangeGPA
5 (Pet)Excellent91-100%4.0
4 (Četiri)Very Good81-90%3.0
3 (Tri)Good71-80%2.0
2 (Dva)Sufficient51-70%1.0
1 (Jedan)Fail0-50%0.0

This table represents the standard grading scale in Serbian high schools. Some schools might use ‘+’ or ‘-‘ to further distinguish performance within a grade, though this is not universally applied and does not change the overall GPA calculation.

College Grade Scale

Serbia GradesComparable English TermsEquivalent Percentage RangeGPA
8Very Good71-80%3.3

At the college or university level, the grading system becomes a bit more nuanced, offering a wider range to more accurately reflect a student’s understanding and mastery of the subject matter. The use of plus and minus signs is rare at this level, with the primary focus being on the numerical grade itself.

This scale helps in maintaining a consistent evaluation method across different educational stages in Serbia, ensuring that students are assessed fairly and uniformly, regardless of the institution or level of study. Keep in mind, variations can occur between different faculties or departments within universities, but the core grading principles remain similar.

Understanding Grades in Serbia

Diving into the Serbian grading system, each grade has a specific meaning that reflects the student’s academic performance. Let’s break down what each grade signifies, adding a sprinkle of emojis for a bit of fun and engagement! 🌟

🎓 5 (Pet) – Excellent

Excellent (5) is the top grade in the Serbian grading system, signifying outstanding performance and a thorough understanding of the material. Students achieving this grade demonstrate exceptional knowledge and skills, often going above and beyond the basic curriculum requirements.

📚 4 (Četiri) – Very Good

Very Good (4) indicates a strong grasp of the subject matter, with students showing a high level of competence in their understanding and application of the topics. While there may be minor areas for improvement, the overall performance is commendable.

👍 3 (Tri) – Good

Good (3) reflects a satisfactory performance where the student has a good understanding of the core material. Some areas may require additional attention or improvement, but the essential objectives have been met.

✔️ 2 (Dva) – Sufficient

Sufficient (2) denotes that the student has met the minimum criteria for passing. The knowledge demonstrated covers the basics, but there’s a significant room for enhancement in understanding and application.

❌ 1 (Jedan) – Fail

Fail (1) indicates that the student has not met the required criteria to pass. This grade suggests a need for considerable improvement and additional study to reach the minimum standards of understanding and performance.

The Serbian grading system is designed to provide a clear and straightforward assessment of a student’s academic performance. Each grade, from Excellent to Fail, serves as a feedback mechanism, encouraging students to identify their strengths and areas for improvement. Whether aiming for the stars with an Excellent or navigating the challenges of a Sufficient, understanding these grades empowers students to set goals and strive for success in their educational journey.

Serbia Grade Comparison

When comparing the Serbian grading system to those of other countries, it’s interesting to see how academic performance is quantified and evaluated differently across the world. This table aims to provide a rough equivalence between Serbian grades and those used in the United States, the United Kingdom, India, Australia, Canada, and China. Keep in mind that grading systems can vary significantly in their criteria and the meaning behind the grades, so these comparisons should be seen as approximate.

High School Grade Comparison

5AA* (A-star)90-100AAA
1FF (Fail)0-59FFF

College/University Grade Comparison

10A+First-Class Honours90-100HD (High Distinction)A+A+
9AUpper Second-Class Honours (2:1)80-89D (Distinction)AA
8B+Lower Second-Class Honours (2:2)70-79C (Credit)BB+
7BThird-Class Honours60-69P (Pass)C+B
6C+Pass50-59P (Pass)CC+
5FFail0-49F (Fail)FF

These tables offer a generalized view and are helpful for understanding how academic achievements might translate across different educational systems. It’s essential to consider that each country’s educational culture and assessment criteria can influence these equivalences. For example, the rigor of coursework and grading severity can vary, making direct comparisons challenging. Nonetheless, this comparison provides a starting point for interpreting grades internationally, whether for study abroad programs, international student admissions, or academic recognition.

Special Grading Considerations in Serbia

Within Serbia’s educational landscape, certain variations and special considerations exist across different states and types of schools, as well as among individual teachers. These variations can influence how grades are awarded and interpreted. Let’s explore these nuances and understand what sets them apart.

Variations Across States and School Types

In Serbia, while the national grading scale provides a uniform framework, some differences might arise due to regional education policies, the type of school (e.g., vocational vs. general education), and even the school’s specific regulations. For instance:

  • Vocational Schools: These might emphasize practical skills and, therefore, could have a different weighting for coursework and exams, affecting the final grade.
  • General Education Schools: These schools may focus more on theoretical knowledge, with a grading emphasis on written exams and essays.

Teacher Discretion

Teachers in Serbia, as in many countries, have a degree of discretion in how they apply the grading scale. This means:

  • Subjectivity in Assessment: Teachers may vary in their interpretation of what constitutes a “Very Good” vs. an “Excellent” performance, especially in subjects requiring subjective assessment (like art or literature).
  • Class Participation and Behavior: Some teachers might consider class participation, effort, and behavior as part of the grading criteria, especially in younger grades.

Handling of Failing Grades

Failing grades in Serbia are taken seriously, with various mechanisms in place to support students in improving their performance:

  • Remedial Classes: Students who receive failing grades may be required to attend additional classes or tutoring sessions to help them catch up on the material.
  • Retake Exams: Often, students will have the opportunity to retake exams they have failed, usually after a period of further study.

Special Considerations for Graduation and Advancement

  • Graduation Requirements: To graduate from high school or university, students must meet specific criteria, which often include passing all subjects. Failing grades must be rectified before graduation.
  • Advancement to Higher Education: University admissions in Serbia consider the student’s overall performance, including grades. Special entrance exams are also a critical factor.

Understanding these variations and considerations is crucial for students, parents, and educators alike, as it highlights the flexibility within the Serbian education system. It also underscores the importance of communication and engagement with educational institutions to ensure a clear understanding of grading policies and expectations.


Let’s tackle some frequently asked questions about the Serbian grading system and scale. This section aims to clear up any confusion and provide quick, straightforward answers to common queries. 📚✨

Q: Can grades in Serbia have ‘+’ or ‘-‘ signs?
A: While the primary grading scale in Serbia does not officially include ‘+’ or ‘-‘ signs, some schools and teachers may use them informally to indicate slight differences within a grade category. However, these distinctions usually don’t affect the overall GPA or final report.

Q: How is the GPA calculated in Serbian schools?
A: The GPA (Grade Point Average) in Serbian schools is calculated by averaging the numerical values of grades received across subjects. For example, a student receiving grades of 5, 4, 4, and 3 would have a GPA of 4.0 [(5+4+4+3)/4].

Q: What happens if a student fails a subject in Serbia?
A: If a student fails a subject, they may need to attend remedial classes or retake exams. Schools offer opportunities for students to improve their grades and successfully pass the subject before the end of the school year or graduation.

Q: Are Serbian grades recognized internationally?
A: Yes, Serbian grades can be recognized internationally, especially for students applying to study abroad. However, it’s important for students to provide grade translations and equivalencies, as the grading systems may vary significantly between countries.

Q: How do university admissions work in Serbia? Do grades play a significant role?
A: University admissions in Serbia consider a combination of high school grades and entrance exam scores. Grades are crucial as they reflect the student’s overall academic performance, but the specific requirements can vary depending on the university and the program of study.

Q: Is it possible to improve a grade after it’s been awarded?
A: In some cases, yes. Students may have the opportunity to improve their grades through additional assignments, projects, or retaking exams, depending on the school’s policies and the teacher’s discretion.

Q: How does the Serbian grading system compare to those in other countries?
A: The Serbian grading system is relatively straightforward and can be compared to those in other countries, with grades ranging from excellent to fail. However, the criteria for awarding grades and the significance of those grades can vary, making international grade conversion necessary for study abroad or international academic recognition.

Hopefully, these FAQs have shed some light on the Serbian grading system, making it a bit easier to navigate and understand. If you have more questions, don’t hesitate to reach out to educational institutions directly for the most accurate and detailed information.

Additional Resources

For those looking to dive deeper into the Serbian grading system, or perhaps needing official information and guidance, here’s a list of resources that can be incredibly helpful. Each of these websites is either a .edu or .gov site from Serbia, ensuring you’re getting reliable and authoritative information.

Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development

  • Website:
  • What it offers: Comprehensive insights into the educational policies, including grading systems across different educational levels in Serbia. This is a go-to resource for official regulations, reforms, and announcements related to education in Serbia.

National Education Council

  • Website:
  • What it offers: Detailed information on the Serbian National Qualifications Framework, which includes standards and expectations at various educational levels. This site is particularly useful for understanding how grades align with qualifications and competencies.

Center for the Promotion of Science

  • Website:
  • What it offers: While not directly related to grading, this site provides resources and information on science education in Serbia, offering a broader context of the educational landscape.

University of Belgrade

  • Website:
  • What it offers: As one of the leading universities in Serbia, their website offers insight into higher education grading, admissions criteria, and academic expectations. This is particularly valuable for those interested in understanding university-level grading and qualifications.

University of Novi Sad

  • Website:
  • What it offers: Similar to the University of Belgrade, this site provides detailed information on grading at the university level, with specific focus on the faculties within the University of Novi Sad.

These resources offer a starting point for exploring the Serbian education system more thoroughly. Whether you’re a student, parent, educator, or simply interested in educational standards and practices in Serbia, these sites provide valuable information and insights.