Sao Tome & Principe Grading System

High School Grade Scale

In Sao Tome & Principe, the grading system for high secondary education (often referred to as high school in many countries) is pivotal for understanding student performance. The table below illustrates the main grade scales used, including the Sao Tome & Principe grades, comparable English terms, equivalent percentage ranges, and GPA (Grade Point Average) where applicable. Note that in some schools, there may be variations such as ‘+’ or ‘-‘ to denote slight differences within a grade range.

Sao Tome & Principe GradesComparable English TermsPercentage RangeGPA Equivalent
Excelente (E)Excellent90-100%4.0
Muito Bom (MB)Very Good80-89%3.0 – 3.9
Bom (B)Good70-79%2.0 – 2.9
Suficiente (S)Sufficient60-69%1.0 – 1.9
Insuficiente (I)Insufficient0-59%0.0

This scale helps students and educators to clearly understand academic achievements and areas needing improvement.

College Grade Scale

At the college or university level in Sao Tome & Principe, the grading scale may slightly differ, accommodating a more nuanced assessment of students’ capabilities and knowledge. Below is a typical scale, although variations may exist among different institutions.

Sao Tome & Principe GradesComparable English TermsPercentage RangeGPA Equivalent
Excelente (E)Excellent90-100%4.0
Muito Bom (MB)Very Good80-89%3.5 – 3.9
Bom (B)Good70-79%2.5 – 3.4
Suficiente (S)Sufficient60-69%1.5 – 2.4
Insuficiente (I)Fail0-59%0.0

These tables provide a clear framework for the grading system at both high school and college levels in Sao Tome & Principe. Understanding these scales is crucial for students navigating their education path, for educators assessing performance, and for external observers comparing academic credentials. Stay tuned for a deeper dive into what each grade signifies!

Understanding Grades in Sao Tome & Principe

The grading system in Sao Tome & Principe serves as a key indicator of students’ academic performance, strengths, and areas for improvement. Let’s break down what each grade signifies and the implications for students at both high school and university levels.

Excelente (E) – Excellent 🌟

  • Meaning: Achieving an ‘Excelente’ grade signifies outstanding performance, demonstrating a deep understanding of the subject matter, exceptional skills, and the ability to apply knowledge in practical, innovative ways. It’s the highest accolade for students, showing they have gone above and beyond the expected standards.
  • Implications: Students receiving this grade are often considered for scholarships, competitive academic programs, and opportunities that require high academic achievement.

Muito Bom (MB) – Very Good 👍

  • Meaning: This grade indicates a strong grasp of the course content, with the student showing very good understanding, application, and analysis skills. While there might be minor areas for improvement, the overall performance is commendable.
  • Implications: It positions students well for further studies and career opportunities, highlighting their capability and potential in their chosen fields.

Bom (B) – Good 😊

  • Meaning: A ‘Bom’ grade reflects a good performance, with a solid understanding of the material and satisfactory skill application. Students with this grade have shown competence, though there may be room for further enhancement in understanding or execution.
  • Implications: This is considered a positive evaluation, encouraging students to continue their efforts and possibly target areas for development.

Suficiente (S) – Sufficient 🙂

  • Meaning: Receiving a ‘Suficiente’ grade means the student has met the basic requirements and learning outcomes but might not have delved deeply into the material. The performance is adequate, but there is significant room for improvement.
  • Implications: It’s a call to action for students to seek additional support or resources to strengthen their understanding and skills in the subject.

Insuficiente (I) – Insufficient/Fail 😔

  • Meaning: An ‘Insuficiente’ grade indicates that the student has not met the required standards or learning outcomes for the course. It suggests a need for substantial improvement and understanding of the course material.
  • Implications: This grade often requires students to retake the course or seek remedial assistance to progress in their academic journey.

Understanding these grades is crucial for students, parents, and educators alike. It provides a clear framework for evaluating academic performance, setting goals, and identifying areas for improvement. Recognizing the significance of each grade helps students to better navigate their educational paths and strive for excellence in their academic and professional endeavors.

Sao Tome & Principe Grade Comparison

Comparing the grading systems of Sao Tome & Principe with those of other countries can provide valuable insights for students, educators, and institutions engaged in international academic exchanges. Below is a table that illustrates how the grades in Sao Tome & Principe align with the grading systems in the US, UK, India, Australia, Canada, and China. This comparison can help in understanding equivalences and differences across these diverse educational landscapes.

Sao Tome & Principe GradesUS GradesUK GradesIndia GradesAustralia GradesCanada GradesChina Grades
Excelente (E)AFirst-class Honors60-100%High DistinctionAA (85-100%)
Muito Bom (MB)A- to B+Upper Second Class50-59%DistinctionA- to B+B+ (75-84%)
Bom (B)BLower Second Class40-49%CreditBB (65-74%)
Suficiente (S)CThird Class30-39%PassCC (60-64%)
Insuficiente (I)FFailBelow 30%FailFF (Below 60%)

Notes on the Comparison:

  • United States (US): The US grading system typically uses letters A through F, with pluses and minuses for nuance. The Sao Tome & Principe grades of ‘Excelente’ aligns with an ‘A’, indicating exceptional performance.
  • United Kingdom (UK): The UK’s system is divided into classes for honors degrees, with ‘First-class Honors’ being the highest. The ‘Excelente’ grade in Sao Tome & Principe is comparable to ‘First-class Honors’.
  • India: Grading in India varies significantly between institutions but generally uses percentage ranges. ‘Excelente’ in Sao Tome & Principe would correspond to the highest percentage bracket (60-100%) in many Indian educational institutions.
  • Australia: Australia uses a combination of ‘High Distinction’, ‘Distinction’, ‘Credit’, ‘Pass’, and ‘Fail’. The ‘Excelente’ grade is akin to ‘High Distinction’, indicating superior achievement.
  • Canada: Similar to the US, Canada uses letter grades, with ‘Excelente’ from Sao Tome & Principe being equivalent to an ‘A’, symbolizing top performance.
  • China: The Chinese grading system often uses a percentage scale or letter grades similar to the US system. ‘Excelente’ would be equivalent to an ‘A’ or a percentage range of 85-100%.

This comparison provides a broad overview and helps in understanding how academic achievements in Sao Tome & Principe might be interpreted within the context of global education systems. It’s important for students and educators to consider these equivalences when applying for international programs or evaluating foreign qualifications.

Special Grading Considerations

The grading system in Sao Tome & Principe, like in many countries, can vary across different states and school types. These variations can reflect local educational policies, institutional priorities, and cultural values. Understanding these nuances is essential for a comprehensive grasp of the educational landscape.

Variations Across States and Schools

  • State Differences: While Sao Tome & Principe is a relatively small nation, there may still be regional variations in grading practices. These can be influenced by local educational authorities and the specific challenges or focuses of each region.
  • School Types: Different types of schools, such as public vs. private or vocational vs. academic, may implement the grading scale differently. For instance, vocational schools might place more emphasis on practical skills and therefore adapt grading criteria to better reflect this focus.

Teacher Discretion

  • Grading Practices: Individual teachers may have some discretion in how they apply the grading scale. This can include the weighting of assignments, the consideration of effort or improvement over time, and the use of pluses and minuses to fine-tune grades.
  • Subjectivity: Certain subjects, especially those involving subjective evaluation like art or literature, may see more variation in grading as assessments are based on interpretation and qualitative judgment.

Handling Failing Grades

  • Remediation: Schools in Sao Tome & Principe typically offer remediation for students receiving failing grades (‘Insuficiente’). This can include supplementary classes, tutoring, or the opportunity to retake exams.
  • Repetition: In some cases, students may need to repeat the year if they fail multiple subjects. This policy aims to ensure students have mastered essential knowledge before progressing.

Implications for Students

Understanding these variations and how failing grades are handled is crucial for students navigating their educational journey. It highlights the importance of engaging with teachers, understanding specific grading criteria, and utilizing available support systems to improve academic performance.

Special grading considerations in Sao Tome & Principe reflect the educational system’s flexibility in accommodating diverse needs and ensuring that grading practices are aligned with educational objectives. As students, parents, and educators navigate these systems, awareness of these variations can facilitate more effective communication and support for academic achievement.


Below are some frequently asked questions about the grading system and scale in Sao Tome & Principe, designed to provide quick and helpful insights.

What does a ‘Suficiente’ grade mean?
A ‘Suficiente’ grade means that the student has achieved a sufficient understanding and performance in the subject. It indicates that the student meets the basic requirements but may need to improve to excel.

Can students improve their grades if they receive an ‘Insuficiente’?
Yes, students who receive an ‘Insuficiente’ grade often have opportunities to improve their grades, either through remedial classes, additional coursework, or re-taking exams.

How do colleges in Sao Tome & Principe view high school grades?
Colleges in Sao Tome & Principe consider high school grades as a critical component of the admissions process. High grades, especially in relevant subjects, can significantly enhance a student’s application.

Is there a grade inflation issue in Sao Tome & Principe?
Like many countries, Sao Tome & Principe faces challenges in maintaining grading standards. However, the extent of grade inflation can vary by school and is actively monitored by educational authorities.

How do international students convert their grades to the Sao Tome & Principe system?
International students should consult with their prospective schools or educational authorities in Sao Tome & Principe for specific guidelines on grade conversion. It typically involves mapping grades to the closest equivalent in the Sao Tome & Principe system based on performance and competencies.

Are plus and minus grades used in Sao Tome & Principe?
Some schools in Sao Tome & Principe may use plus and minus grades to provide more nuanced assessments of student performance. However, this practice is not universal and depends on the institution’s grading policies.

These FAQs aim to address common queries and concerns about the grading system in Sao Tome & Principe, offering a starting point for further exploration and understanding of this critical aspect of the educational landscape.

Additional Resources

Finding reliable and official information about the grading system in Sao Tome & Principe can be crucial for students, educators, and researchers. Below is a list of resources that can provide authoritative insights and detailed information on this topic. While specific .edu or .gov websites from Sao Tome & Principe might not be readily accessible online due to the country’s limited digital presence in this area, the following types of resources are generally helpful:

  1. Ministry of Education and Higher Education (Sao Tome & Principe): This government department is responsible for formulating educational policies, including grading standards. Contacting them directly or visiting their official website (if available) can provide the most accurate and up-to-date information.
  2. Educational Institutions’ Websites: Many colleges and universities in Sao Tome & Principe have official websites where they publish their grading policies, academic regulations, and other essential academic information.
  3. International Education Boards: Organizations such as UNESCO and the World Bank often publish reports and studies on education systems worldwide, including Sao Tome & Principe. These can offer insights into the country’s grading system and educational challenges.
  4. Academic Journals and Publications: Research articles and studies on education in Sao Tome & Principe may provide detailed analyses of the grading system and its implications for student achievement and educational equity.
  5. Embassies and Cultural Missions: The embassies of Sao Tome & Principe abroad and foreign embassies in Sao Tome & Principe may have educational resources or be able to provide guidance on finding authoritative information on the grading system.

Remember, while gathering information, it’s essential to verify the credibility and currency of the sources. Official government and educational institution websites, along with reputable international organizations, are generally the most reliable sources of information on the grading system in Sao Tome & Principe.