Poland Grading System

The grading system in Poland for educational institutions, including high secondary education and college/university levels, varies slightly but follows a consistent numeric scale that is straightforward and easy to understand. Below, you’ll find detailed tables that cover the main grade scales used in Poland, complete with the equivalent terms in English, percentage ranges, and, where applicable, GPA equivalents. Please note that some schools might use ‘+’ and ‘-‘ variations to indicate slight differences in achievement within the numeric grade.

High School Grade Scale

Poland GradesTerms in PolandComparable English TermsPercentage RangeEquivalent GPA
5Bardzo dobryVery good75-89%3.5
1NiedostatecznyFailBelow 40%0.0

College Grade Scale

Poland GradesTerms in PolandComparable English TermsPercentage RangeEquivalent GPA
5Bardzo dobryVery good80-89%3.5
4.5Dobry PlusGood Plus70-79%3.0
3.5Dostateczny PlusSatisfactory Plus50-59%2.0
2NiedostatecznyFailBelow 40%0.0

It’s important to mention that the ‘+/-‘ variations are not officially recognized in all educational institutions but can be used by certain schools or teachers to more accurately describe a student’s performance within a grade level. Moreover, different universities may have slight variations in the percentage range for each grade, especially when considering the grading scale for specific faculties or departments.

Stay tuned, as we’ll dive deeper into the meaning of each grade and how they reflect a student’s academic performance in the following sections!

Understanding Grades in Poland

Diving deeper into the grading system in Poland, let’s explore what each grade signifies about a student’s performance. This system not only reflects the level of understanding and mastery over the subject matter but also plays a crucial role in a student’s future academic and career prospects. 📘🚀

🌟 6 – Celujący (Excellent)

  • Emoji: 🌟
  • Description: Achieving a grade of 6, termed as ‘Celujący’ or Excellent, is a testament to exceptional performance. This grade indicates not only a comprehensive understanding of the material but also the ability to apply knowledge creatively and effectively. It’s often reserved for outstanding work that goes above and beyond the standard requirements.

✅ 5 – Bardzo dobry (Very good)

  • Emoji: ✅
  • Description: A grade of 5, or ‘Bardzo dobry,’ signifies a very good grasp of the subject. Students who achieve this grade demonstrate a high level of understanding and proficiency in their coursework. It reflects strong performance in all aspects of the subject, with minor areas for improvement.

👍 4 – Dobry (Good)

  • Emoji: 👍
  • Description: The ‘Dobry’ grade, or a 4, stands for good performance. It signifies that the student has a solid understanding of the course material but may lack the finesse or depth in certain areas that could elevate their work to ‘Very good’ or ‘Excellent.’ This grade is indicative of a competent understanding and ability to apply knowledge correctly.

😊 3 – Dostateczny (Satisfactory)

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  • Description: Earning a 3, known as ‘Dostateczny,’ means the student’s performance is satisfactory. This grade points to a basic understanding of the subject matter, with the student meeting the minimum requirements. While it suggests there’s considerable room for improvement, it acknowledges the effort and basic proficiency.

🚩 2 – Dopuszczający (Passing)

  • Emoji: 🚩
  • Description: A grade of 2, or ‘Dopuszczający,’ translates to just passing. This grade is given when the understanding of the subject is minimal, and the student has barely met the criteria to pass. It indicates a need for significant improvement and a deeper engagement with the subject matter.

❌ 1 – Niedostateczny (Fail)

  • Emoji: ❌
  • Description: The ‘Niedostateczny’ grade, or a 1, signals failure to meet the academic standards. It reflects a lack of understanding and inability to perform the required tasks to a satisfactory level. This grade necessitates a reevaluation of study habits and possibly retaking the course or examination.

Understanding the implications of these grades helps students identify areas of strength and improvement. It also guides them in strategizing their learning efforts to achieve their academic goals. Let’s keep the momentum going and explore how these grades compare internationally in the next section!

Poland Grade Comparison

Comparing grading systems across different countries can be quite enlightening, as it helps in understanding the academic standards and expectations globally. Below is a table that offers a broad comparison of the Poland grading system with those of the US, UK, India, Australia, Canada, and China. It’s important to note that grading systems can vary significantly between institutions within a country, so these comparisons should be viewed as general guidelines rather than strict equivalences.

Comparison Table

Poland GradeUS GradeUK GradeIndia GradeAustralia GradeCanada GradeChina Grade
6 (Excellent)AFirst-Class Honours70-100%High DistinctionAA (90-100%)
5 (Very good)A-/B+Upper Second-Class Honours (2:1)60-69%DistinctionA-/B+A-/B+ (80-89%)
4 (Good)BLower Second-Class Honours (2:2)50-59%CreditBB (70-79%)
3 (Satisfactory)CThird-Class Honours40-49%PassCC (60-69%)
2 (Passing)DOrdinary degree (Pass)Fail (Below 40%)FailDD (50-59%)
1 (Fail)FFailFailFailFF (Below 50%)

This table helps in roughly translating grades from the Polish system to other international systems, which can be particularly useful for students applying for international programs or for educational institutions assessing foreign applicants’ qualifications. Keep in mind, though, that many universities and organizations conduct their own evaluation of academic transcripts and may use different criteria for interpreting grades.

Moving forward, let’s delve into how grading can vary within Poland itself, considering different states, schools, and types of education in the upcoming section!

Special Grading Considerations

Grading systems, while generally standardized across Poland, can exhibit variations that reflect the diverse educational practices across different states, school types, and even individual teachers. Understanding these nuances is crucial for a comprehensive grasp of how academic performance is assessed in Poland.

Variations Across School Types

  • Primary and Secondary Schools: The grading scale from 1 to 6 is universally applied, but the interpretation of these grades can vary slightly, especially in terms of effort, participation, and homework completion. Teachers have the discretion to emphasize different aspects of a student’s performance, which can influence the final grade.
  • Vocational and Technical Schools: These institutions might place a higher emphasis on practical skills and assessments. Thus, while the grading scale remains the same, the criteria for evaluation may lean more towards practical demonstrations of skill rather than theoretical knowledge.
  • Higher Education: Universities and colleges might adopt a more detailed grading system, introducing ‘+’ and ‘-‘ variations to the basic 1-6 scale or even a points system for more granular assessment. The interpretation of these grades is subject-specific, often detailed in the course syllabus.

Grading Practices

  • Teacher Discretion: Individual teachers play a significant role in the grading process, with substantial latitude in how they assess student work. Factors such as class participation, improvement over time, and extra credit can influence grades. Teachers are encouraged to use a comprehensive approach to grading, considering various aspects of student performance.
  • Consistency and Fairness: Despite the individual discretion, schools and educational authorities strive for consistency and fairness in grading. This includes standardization efforts such as grading rubrics, teacher training, and external examinations to ensure a level playing field.

Handling of Failing Grades

  • Remedial Measures: Students receiving failing grades (1 or 2) are often given opportunities to improve through remedial classes, extra assignments, or re-examinations. The goal is to support students in achieving a satisfactory level of understanding and performance in the subject matter.
  • Academic Support: Schools provide academic counseling and support services to help students address the challenges that led to failing grades. This may include study skills workshops, tutoring, or mentorship programs.
  • Repeat Assessments: In some cases, students may need to repeat a year or a particular course if they cannot achieve a passing grade after remedial efforts. This is seen as a last resort and comes with additional guidance and support to help the student succeed.

Understanding the grading considerations in Poland highlights the flexible yet structured approach designed to accommodate diverse learning needs and educational goals. The system aims to be both rigorous and supportive, ensuring that every student has the opportunity to succeed academically.


Let’s address some frequently asked questions about the Poland grading system to clarify common uncertainties and provide quick insights.

How does the Polish grading system work?
The Polish grading system ranges from 1 (niedostateczny/fail) to 6 (celujący/excellent), with grades reflecting a student’s academic performance. Grades 3 and above are considered passing grades, while 1 and 2 indicate failing performance. The system is used across all levels of education, from primary to higher education.

Can you improve your grades in Poland if you fail an exam?
Yes, students who receive failing grades typically have the opportunity to retake exams or complete additional assignments to improve their scores. Schools and universities often provide remedial classes or extra support to help students achieve passing grades.

How are grades in Poland converted for international applications?
Grades from the Polish system can be converted to other international grading systems using equivalence tables. However, the conversion might vary depending on the institution or country, as each has its own standards for evaluating academic performance.

Do ‘+’ and ‘-‘ signs affect your grade in Poland?
In some schools and universities, ‘+’ and ‘-‘ signs are used to provide more nuance to grades, indicating slightly better or worse performance within a grade category. However, these variations are not universally applied and depend on the institution’s or teacher’s grading policies.

Is it possible to achieve a perfect GPA in Poland?
Achieving a perfect GPA, equivalent to a 6 (excellent) in all subjects, is possible but challenging. It requires consistently outstanding academic performance across all assessed coursework and examinations.

How is academic performance assessed in vocational and technical schools in Poland?
In vocational and technical schools, assessment tends to place a stronger emphasis on practical skills and competencies. While the same grading scale is used, students may undergo more practical assessments, projects, or demonstrations of skill.

What resources are available for students struggling academically in Poland?
Polish educational institutions offer various resources for students facing academic challenges, including tutoring services, extra classes, study groups, and counseling services. These resources aim to support students in improving their grades and overall academic performance.

I hope these answers shed light on some of the aspects of the Polish grading system you were curious about! If you have more questions or need further clarification on specific points, feel free to ask.

Additional Resources

For those looking to dive even deeper into the grading system in Poland or seeking official information and guidelines, here are some valuable resources. These websites are primarily from educational and government institutions in Poland, providing authoritative and up-to-date information.

1. Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Poland (Ministerstwo Edukacji i Nauki)

  • Website: https://www.gov.pl/web/edukacja-i-nauka
  • Info Provided: Official regulations on the Polish education system, grading standards, and curriculum guidelines. A go-to source for comprehensive insights into the educational policies in Poland.

2. Central Examination Board (Centralna Komisja Egzaminacyjna)

  • Website: https://cke.gov.pl/
  • Info Provided: Details on standardized exams, including Matura (secondary education leaving exam), and grading criteria. Useful for students, teachers, and parents interested in understanding the evaluation process for crucial exams.

3. Educational Research Institute (Instytut Badań Edukacyjnych)

  • Website: https://ibe.edu.pl/
  • Info Provided: Research and reports on various aspects of education in Poland, including studies on grading effectiveness and educational outcomes. Ideal for those interested in the academic and policy dimensions of grading.

4. Conference of Rectors of Academic Schools in Poland (Konferencja Rektorów Akademickich Szkół Polskich)

  • Website: https://www.krasp.org.pl/
  • Info Provided: Information on higher education standards, including grading scales used in universities and colleges across Poland. An important resource for higher education students and academic staff.

These resources are instrumental in providing official information, guidelines, and insights into the Polish grading system and educational standards. Whether you’re a student, educator, or parent, these websites can offer valuable information to help navigate the educational landscape in Poland.