Philippines Grading System

High School Grade Scale

The grading system in Philippine high schools is standardized to provide a comprehensive measure of students’ performance and comprehension. Below is a detailed table showing the Philippines grades alongside comparable English terms, the equivalent percentage range, and the corresponding Grade Point Average (GPA) for high school education.

Philippines GradesComparable English TermsPercentage RangeGPA
85-89Very Good85%-89%3.5
Below 70Did Not PassBelow 70%1.0

Some schools incorporate variations such as ‘+’ or ‘-‘ to further differentiate performance within these categories, for example, 90+ might be considered as an A+.

College Grade Scale

In colleges and universities across the Philippines, the grading scale slightly differs, reflecting a more stringent evaluation process. Here’s how the grade scale typically looks at the tertiary level:

Philippines GradesComparable English TermsPercentage RangeGPA
1.50Very Good86%-90%3.5
5.00FailureBelow 55%0.0

For higher education, ‘+’ and ‘-‘ grades are less commonly used, but certain institutions may still apply them for finer grading distinctions.

This system aims to accurately reflect students’ academic abilities and ensure that they meet the educational standards required at each level of their academic journey. Stay tuned for a deeper understanding of what each grade signifies!

Understanding Grades in the Philippines

Grades play a crucial role in the educational journey of a student in the Philippines, signifying not just the level of comprehension and mastery over the subjects but also affecting future academic and career opportunities. Let’s break down what each grade level signifies:

🌟 Excellent (90-100 / 1.00 in College)

This top-tier grade signifies outstanding performance, with the student demonstrating a high level of understanding, application, and analysis of the subject matter. It reflects excellence in participation, homework, tests, and projects. Students who achieve these grades are often considered for scholarships and prestigious honors.

πŸš€ Very Good (85-89 / 1.50 in College)

A “Very Good” grade indicates a strong grasp of the course material, with students able to apply concepts effectively and show thoughtful analysis. While there might be minor areas for improvement, the overall performance is impressive and above average.

πŸ‘ Good (80-84 / 2.00 in College)

This grade reflects a satisfactory level of understanding, with the student meeting most of the course requirements competently. It suggests that while the student has a solid foundation, there may be room for deeper understanding and application of some concepts.

πŸ‘Œ Satisfactory (75-79 / 2.50 in College)

A “Satisfactory” grade shows that the student meets the basic requirements of the course. It indicates an average performance, where the understanding of the subject matter is generally good, but there may be significant gaps in knowledge or application.

πŸ€” Fair (70-74 / 2.75 in College)

A “Fair” grade points to a minimal understanding of the subject, where the student has barely met the course requirements. It suggests a need for improvement in several areas to reach a satisfactory level of comprehension and performance.

❌ Did Not Pass (Below 70 / 5.00 in College)

This grade is an indication that the student has not met the minimum requirements of the course. It signifies a significant lack of understanding and application of the subject matter. Students receiving this grade may need to retake the course or undergo remedial classes to progress.

Understanding these grades and what they represent can help students identify their strengths and areas for improvement, guiding them towards academic success and personal development. Let’s keep this positivity and drive for improvement as we move forward!

Philippines Grade Comparison

To provide a clearer perspective on how the Philippine grading system aligns with those of other countries, let’s explore a comparative table. This comparison will help students, educators, and international scholars understand the equivalences and differences across various educational systems.

🌍 International Grade Comparison

Philippines GradeUS GradeUK GradeIndia GradeAustralia GradeCanada GradeChina Grade
90-100 (Excellent)AFirst-class Honours60-100%High DistinctionA85-100%
85-89 (Very Good)A-Upper Second Class55-59%DistinctionA-75-84%
80-84 (Good)B+Lower Second Class50-54%CreditB65-74%
75-79 (Satisfactory)BThird Class Honours45-49%PassB-60-64%
70-74 (Fair)C+40-44%PassC+55-59%
Below 70 (Did Not Pass)FFailBelow 40%FailFBelow 55%

This table simplifies the understanding of how grades in the Philippines might translate to or compare with grades in other major education systems around the globe. It’s essential to note that these comparisons are approximations and can vary based on specific institutional policies or contexts. Each educational system has its unique grading scales, methodologies, and criteria, which might not always directly correlate. However, this table serves as a general guide for understanding the relative standing of grades internationally.

Understanding these comparisons can be particularly useful for students pursuing international education, educators assessing foreign transcripts, or professionals evaluating international qualifications for career opportunities or further studies.

Special Grading Considerations

The grading system in the Philippines, while standardized to a certain extent, can exhibit variations across different states, school types, and even between teachers within the same institution. Understanding these nuances is crucial for accurately interpreting grades and for students to strategize their learning approaches.

Variations Across States and School Types

K-12 Public vs. Private Schools

  • Public Schools: Tend to follow the Department of Education’s (DepEd) standard grading system closely, with a strong emphasis on uniformity across the country.
  • Private Schools: While they adhere to DepEd guidelines, they may have more flexibility in implementing grading scales, including the use of plus and minus grades or different interpretations of numerical grades.

Higher Education Institutions (HEIs)

  • State Universities and Colleges (SUCs): Often follow a strict grading system but might have unique criteria for honors and failing grades.
  • Private Colleges and Universities: May adopt a more customized grading system, which can include additional grades or different thresholds for passing and excellence.

Teacher Discretion

The interpretation of performance levels (e.g., what constitutes “excellent” or “satisfactory”) can vary significantly between teachers, even within the same school. This variance is partly because grading involves subjective assessments of class participation, project quality, and other non-quantitative factors.

Handling of Failing Grades

Failing grades are treated with a level of seriousness in the Philippines educational system, with interventions including:

  • Remedial Classes: Students may be required to attend additional classes or tutoring sessions to improve understanding and performance.
  • Re-examination: Some institutions allow students to take re-examinations to improve their grades and avoid course repetition.
  • Course Repetition: In cases where remedial efforts are insufficient, students may need to retake the course entirely.

Understanding these variations and considerations is important for students navigating the educational system in the Philippines. It highlights the importance of not only striving for high grades but also understanding the specific criteria and expectations set by their institution and educators. Students are encouraged to communicate openly with their teachers to gain a clear understanding of grading practices and expectations, ensuring they can effectively meet and exceed academic standards.


Below are some frequently asked questions about the grading system and scale in the Philippines, providing quick and clear answers to help students, parents, and educators navigate the educational landscape.

Q: What is considered a passing grade in Philippine high schools?

  • A: A passing grade in Philippine high schools is typically any grade above 75%, which corresponds to a “Satisfactory” performance.

Q: Can college students in the Philippines retake a class if they fail?

  • A: Yes, college students can usually retake classes in which they’ve received failing grades. Policies on retakes may vary by institution, so it’s important to check with the specific college or university.

Q: How are grades calculated in the Philippines?

  • A: Grades in the Philippines are calculated based on a combination of factors, including class participation, homework, quizzes, projects, and exam scores. The exact weighting of these components can vary by school and teacher.

Q: Do all schools in the Philippines follow the same grading system?

  • A: While there is a standardized grading system in the Philippines, variations exist between public and private schools, as well as among higher education institutions. Some schools may also use additional grading symbols like ‘+’ or ‘-‘ to indicate more nuanced performance levels.

Q: How does the grading system in the Philippines affect college admissions?

  • A: College admissions in the Philippines often consider an applicant’s GPA along with entrance exam scores, extracurricular activities, and other criteria. Higher grades can improve chances of acceptance into competitive programs and qualify students for scholarships.

Q: Are there any provisions for students with learning disabilities in the Philippine grading system?

  • A: Yes, schools in the Philippines are increasingly recognizing the need for inclusive education and may provide accommodations for students with learning disabilities. This can include modified assessments, extra time for exams, or individualized education plans (IEPs).

Q: How is academic honors determined in Philippine schools?

  • A: Academic honors in Philippine schools are typically determined by a student’s GPA, with specific thresholds set for honors like cum laude, magna cum laude, and summa cum laude in higher education. High schools may have their own honors system based on similar principles.

These FAQs aim to demystify the grading system in the Philippines and provide essential insights for students aiming to achieve academic success.

Additional Resources

For more detailed information and guidance on the grading system in the Philippines, the following official websites and resources can be incredibly helpful. Each of these sites offers a wealth of data and support for students, educators, and parents navigating the educational landscape in the Philippines.

Department of Education (DepEd)

  • Website:
  • Info Provided: This site offers comprehensive details on the K-12 educational system, including curriculum guides, grading system explanations, and resources for both students and teachers.

Commission on Higher Education (CHED)

  • Website:
  • Info Provided: CHED’s official website provides information on higher education policies, including grading standards for colleges and universities, accreditation information, and scholarship opportunities.

Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA)

  • Website:
  • Info Provided: For those interested in technical-vocational education and training (TVET), TESDA’s site offers curriculum guides, competency standards, and details on the assessment and certification process, which includes a unique grading system for technical skills.

Philippine Qualifications Framework (PQF)

  • Website:
  • Info Provided: The PQF website outlines the national qualifications framework, which integrates and aligns educational outcomes with grading standards across all levels and types of education in the Philippines.

These resources serve as official guides and repositories of information regarding the educational standards and grading systems in the Philippines. Whether you are a student aiming for academic excellence, a parent supporting your child’s educational journey, or an educator seeking to deepen your understanding of the grading system, these sites are valuable starting points for accurate and authoritative information.