Peru Grading System

High School Grade Scale

The grading system in Peru for high school (secondary education) often ranges from 0 to 20, where 20 is the highest score and 0 the lowest. Variations such as ‘+’ and ‘-‘ are sometimes used within certain schools to provide a more nuanced evaluation. Here’s a simplified table to explain the main grade scales used, their comparable English terms, equivalent percentage ranges, and GPAs for a more international understanding:

Peru GradesComparable English TermsEquivalent Percentage RangeGPA (4.0 Scale)
17 – 20Excellent85% – 100%3.5 – 4.0
14 – 16Good70%84%2.5 – 3.4
11 – 13Satisfactory55% – 69%1.5 – 2.4
0 – 10Fail0% – 54%0 – 1.4

Note: The above GPA equivalents are approximations and may vary based on the institution’s specific conversion criteria.

College Grade Scale

At the college or university level, the grading scale might differ slightly or follow a similar structure to that of high school but with more emphasis on higher-level analysis and research skills. Here’s a general overview:

Peru GradesComparable English TermsEquivalent Percentage RangeGPA (4.0 Scale)
17 – 20Excellent85% – 100%3.5 – 4.0
14 – 16Very Good70% – 84%2.5 – 3.4
11 – 13Good55% – 69%1.5 – 2.4
0 – 10Insufficient/Fail0% – 54%0 – 1.4

In some universities, ‘+’ and ‘-‘ grades may further delineate performance within these broad categories, offering a more precise evaluation of a student’s performance.

Keep in mind, different institutions in Peru may adopt variations of this grading scale, so it’s always a good idea to check the specific grading policies of the educational institution in question. This system provides a framework for understanding how academic performance is evaluated across different levels of education in Peru.

Understanding Grades in Peru

The grading system in Peru provides a detailed framework to assess a student’s academic performance. Let’s break down what each grade range signifies, adding a touch of emoji to bring the explanations to life!

Excellent (17 – 20) 😁🌟

Grades in this range are indicative of outstanding performance. Students achieving scores between 17 and 20 have demonstrated exceptional understanding and mastery of the subject matter. They often go above and beyond the basic requirements, showing critical thinking, creativity, and the ability to apply their knowledge in complex situations.

Very Good (14 – 16) 🙂✨

This grade range signifies very good performance. Students scoring between 14 and 16 have shown a strong grasp of the course material and the ability to apply it effectively. While there may be minor areas for improvement, these students have clearly exceeded the average expectations.

Good (11 – 13) 👍

Scores within this range represent a satisfactory level of performance, where students have met the basic learning objectives. They understand the majority of the material and can apply it in familiar contexts. There’s room for growth, especially in deeper comprehension and application skills.

Insufficient/Fail (0 – 10) 😕

Grades below 11 are considered insufficient or failing. This indicates that the student has not met the required learning objectives. It suggests a need for significant improvement and, possibly, a different approach to learning or studying. Failing grades are a signal that the student may need additional support or resources to grasp the course material effectively.

Understanding these grades is crucial for students, parents, and educators as they provide a clear indication of where a student stands academically and what steps can be taken for further improvement or advancement. The use of ‘+’ and ‘-‘ within some schools further helps to refine this understanding, offering a more nuanced view of a student’s achievements or areas needing attention.

Peru Grade Comparison

Comparing the Peruvian grading system with those of other countries can provide valuable insights for international students, educators, and institutions. Here’s a table that outlines how grades in Peru might align with the grading systems in the United States (US), United Kingdom (UK), India, Australia, Canada, and China. This comparison aims to offer a broad perspective and should be used as a general guide, as grading can vary significantly between different educational institutions and countries.

High School and University Grades Comparison

Peru GradesUS GradesUK GradesIndia GradesAustralia GradesCanada GradesChina Grades
17 – 20AFirst Class75% – 100%High DistinctionAA (85% – 100%)
14 – 16BUpper Second60%74%DistinctionBB (70% – 84%)
11 – 13CLower Second50% – 59%CreditCC (60% – 69%)
0 – 10FFailBelow 50%FailFF (Below 60%)


  • US Grades: The US typically uses a letter grading system with pluses and minuses to provide additional detail. GPA is calculated on a 4.0 scale.
  • UK Grades: The UK university system categorizes honors degrees into classes (First, Upper Second, Lower Second, Third, Pass, and Fail). High school (A-Levels) uses letter grades.
  • India Grades: Grading can vary, but typically percentages are used. Some institutions adopt a 10-point GPA system.
  • Australia Grades: Utilizes a range of distinctions for higher performance, with ‘High Distinction’ being the top grade. Grading can be on a letter scale or numerical percentage.
  • Canada Grades: Similar to the US but can vary between provinces. Some institutions use a 9.0 or 4.33 GPA scale.
  • China Grades: Uses a percentage system, with grades often reported as letter grades in international contexts.

This table offers a simplified comparison, and specific grading practices can vary widely even within a country based on the institution or educational level. When applying for international programs or understanding foreign academic records, it’s important to consult with educational professionals or the institutions in question for precise equivalences.

Special Grading Considerations

In Peru, as in many countries, the grading system can vary significantly across different states, school types, and even individual institutions. This diversity reflects the wide range of educational philosophies and practices across the country. Let’s explore some of these variations and their implications for students and educators.

Variations Across States and School Types

  • Public vs. Private Institutions: Public schools in Peru may adhere more strictly to the national grading scale, while private institutions sometimes adopt additional criteria or scales to further differentiate student performance. Private schools might also incorporate ‘+’ and ‘-‘ grades more frequently to provide nuanced feedback.
  • Technical vs. Academic Schools: Technical schools, focusing on vocational training, may have different grading considerations that emphasize practical skills and competencies. As such, the grading might lean more on project-based assessments and practical exams.

Teacher Discretion and Practices

  • Subjectivity in Grading: Teachers in Peru, as elsewhere, bring their own perspectives and standards to grading. Some may grade more leniently, while others might be known for their rigorous standards. This subjectivity can sometimes lead to disparities in grading practices, even within the same institution.
  • Feedback and Evaluation Methods: The approach to feedback can also vary, with some educators providing detailed comments and suggestions for improvement alongside grades, while others may focus primarily on the numerical or letter grade.

Handling Failing Grades

  • Remedial Actions: Students receiving failing grades in Peru typically have several options to improve their standing. These may include retaking exams, attending supplementary classes, or completing additional assignments. The availability and nature of these remedial actions can vary by school.
  • Academic Support Services: Many schools offer tutoring, counseling, and other support services to help students address academic challenges. The effectiveness and availability of these services can significantly impact a student’s ability to recover from failing grades.

Continuous Assessment and Improvement

  • Portfolio Assessments: Some educational institutions in Peru are moving towards portfolio assessments and continuous evaluation methods. These approaches provide a more comprehensive view of a student’s abilities and progress over time, rather than relying solely on traditional exams.

Understanding these special grading considerations is crucial for navigating the educational landscape in Peru. Both students and educators must remain adaptable and informed about the specific policies and practices of their institutions. Engaging with the educational community and seeking clarification when needed can help ensure that grading serves as a constructive tool for learning and growth.


Here are some frequently asked questions about the grading system in Peru, providing quick insights into common queries.

Q: What is the minimum passing grade in Peruvian high schools?
A: The minimum passing grade in Peruvian high schools is generally 11 out of 20. However, individual schools may have their own specific criteria.

Q: Can students retake exams to improve their grades in Peru?
A: Yes, many schools in Peru offer students the opportunity to retake exams or complete additional assignments to improve their grades. The availability of this option can vary by institution, so it’s important to check with the specific school.

Q: How are grades calculated in Peruvian universities?
A: Grades in Peruvian universities are typically calculated based on a combination of coursework, exams, projects, and sometimes class participation. Each university and course may have its own specific grading criteria.

Q: Are there significant differences in grading scales between public and private schools in Peru?
A: While both public and private schools in Peru largely follow the national grading scale, private schools may adopt additional grading nuances, such as pluses and minuses, or have slightly different expectations for performance.

Q: How do international students get their grades recognized in Peru?
A: International students need to have their grades evaluated and recognized by the Peruvian Ministry of Education or by their respective educational institution. This process may involve the translation and equivalency certification of grades.

Q: What support is available for students struggling academically in Peru?
A: Schools in Peru may offer various support services, including tutoring, counseling, and remedial classes. The availability and type of support can vary widely among institutions, so students should inquire directly with their school.

These FAQs provide a glimpse into the Peruvian grading system, but always remember to consult with educational authorities or institutions for the most accurate and up-to-date information.

Additional Resources

For more in-depth information and official guidelines regarding the grading system in Peru, here are some resources that can be incredibly helpful. These links lead to educational institutions and government websites, which provide authoritative insights and detailed explanations:

  1. Ministry of Education of Peru (MINEDU): The official website of Peru’s Ministry of Education offers comprehensive information on the national education system, grading policies, and academic standards. Visit MINEDU
  2. Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (PUCP): As one of the leading universities in Peru, PUCP’s website contains detailed information on university grading systems, academic regulations, and student services. Explore PUCP
  3. Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (UNMSM): Known as the oldest university in the Americas, UNMSM provides resources on academic programs, grading scales, and student support services. Discover UNMSM
  4. Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH): Specializing in health sciences, UPCH’s website offers insights into specialized grading systems for medical and health-related programs. Learn more at UPCH

These resources are a starting point for understanding the grading system in Peru, especially for those looking into higher education opportunities or seeking to compare academic standards with other countries. Always remember to verify the information directly with the institution or relevant educational authorities for the most current and specific details.