North Macedonia Grading System

High School Grade Scale

The North Macedonia grading system for high secondary education (high schools) is quite straightforward, allowing for an easy understanding of a student’s performance. Here’s a breakdown of the grading scale used, alongside comparable English terms, equivalent percentage ranges, and GPAs where applicable. Note that some schools might use ‘+’ and ‘-‘ variations to indicate slightly better or worse performance within a grade category, though these are not universally applied across all institutions.

North Macedonia GradesEnglish TermsEquivalent PercentageGPA (out of 4.0)
5Excellent90% – 100%4.0
4Very Good75%89%3.0
3Good50% – 74%2.0
2Sufficient25% – 49%1.0
1Insufficient/Fail0% – 24%0.0

College Grade Scale

At the college or university level in North Macedonia, the grading scale might slightly vary, especially in terms of percentage ranges and how they correlate with GPA values. The following table provides a general overview, but it’s important to note that specific institutions may have their own grading policies.

North Macedonia GradesEnglish TermsEquivalent PercentageGPA (out of 4.0)
10Excellent90% – 100%4.0
9Very Good80% – 89%3.7
6Sufficient50% – 59%2.0
5 and belowInsufficient/FailBelow 50%0.0

The ‘+’ and ‘-‘ variations are more common at the university level, offering a nuanced view of a student’s performance within a grade category. However, these distinctions may not always translate directly into GPA differences.

This grading system enables both high schools and higher education institutions in North Macedonia to effectively communicate the academic achievements of students, though the specifics can vary from one school to another. Stay tuned for a deeper dive into what each grade signifies!

Understanding Grades in North Macedonia

Grades in North Macedonia serve as a crucial indicator of a student’s academic performance, with each grade embodying a range of achievements and competencies. Let’s explore what each grade signifies, adding a touch of emoji flair for a more engaging read!

🌟 5/10 – Excellent (Izvrsten)

The highest accolade in the grading scale, an ‘Excellent’ signifies outstanding performance and a deep understanding of the subject matter. Students achieving this grade demonstrate exceptional skills, comprehensive knowledge, and the ability to apply concepts in complex situations. It’s the gold standard, reflecting a mastery that goes beyond the basic curriculum requirements.

👍 4/9 – Very Good (Mnogu Dobro)

A ‘Very Good’ grade represents a high level of understanding and capability in the subject area. Students at this level have shown proficiency in most aspects of the curriculum, with minor areas for improvement. They can tackle challenging problems effectively, although there may be slight gaps in their knowledge or application skills.

🙂 3/8 – Good (Dobro)

Receiving a ‘Good’ grade means the student has a solid grasp of the material but might lack the finer nuances that distinguish top-tier performance. These students are competent in dealing with standard tasks and have a good foundation of knowledge, though they might struggle with more complex challenges or innovative thinking.

🆗 2/7 – Sufficient/Satisfactory (Dovolno)

A ‘Sufficient’ or ‘Satisfactory’ grade indicates that the student meets the basic requirements. This grade points to an understanding of the fundamental concepts but also highlights significant areas for improvement. Students with this grade have achieved the minimum expected competency and can proceed, but they may need additional support to tackle more advanced or detailed aspects of the subject matter.

❌ 1/5 and below – Insufficient/Fail (Nedovolno)

An ‘Insufficient’ or ‘Fail’ grade clearly shows that the student has not met the required standards. It reflects a significant gap in knowledge or understanding, inability to apply concepts, or both. Students receiving this grade need considerable improvement and must often retake the course or undergo further study to reach a satisfactory level of performance.

Each grade in the North Macedonian educational system is designed to provide clear feedback on student performance, offering both recognition for achievements and guidance for areas of improvement. The use of ‘+’ and ‘-‘ variations within certain schools adds granularity, helping to distinguish between the higher and lower ends of a grade category.

North Macedonia Grade Comparison

Understanding how grades from North Macedonia compare with those from other educational systems can be crucial for students pursuing international education or employment. Below is a comparative table that illustrates how North Macedonia grades align with grading systems in the US, UK, India, Australia, Canada, and China. This comparison aims to provide a broad perspective, though individual institutions may have specific conversion criteria.

North Macedonia GradesUS GradesUK GradesIndia GradesAustralia GradesCanada GradesChina Grades
10/5 (Excellent)AFirst-Class HonoursAbove 75%High Distinction (HD)AA (90-100)
9/4 (Very Good)A- to B+Upper Second-Class Honours (2:1)60-75%Distinction (D)A- to B+A- (85-89)
8/3 (Good)BLower Second-Class Honours (2:2)50-60%Credit (C)BB+ (80-84)
7/2 (Satisfactory)CThird-Class Honours45-50%Pass (P)CB (75-79)
6 (Sufficient)DOrdinary/Pass40-45%Pass Conceded (PC)DC (70-74)
5 and below (Fail)FFailBelow 40%Fail (F)FF (<70)

This table is an attempt to simplify the grade conversion process between different educational systems. However, it’s essential to consult with academic advisors or specific institution guidelines for the most accurate conversion, especially for purposes like transfer applications, graduate admissions, or professional qualifications.

The comparison highlights the general equivalence of grading scales, facilitating a better understanding of academic performance across different educational contexts. Keep in mind that grading philosophies and criteria can vary significantly from one country to another, reflecting different academic cultures and evaluation standards.

Special Grading Considerations:

Variations Across Different Schools and Types

In North Macedonia, as in many countries, grading practices can vary significantly across different states, school types (e.g., public vs. private), and even among teachers within the same institution. These variations can be attributed to differences in educational philosophies, the subjectivity of certain assessments, and the specific criteria teachers use to evaluate student performance.

Grading Practices and Teacher Differences

Some educators might place a stronger emphasis on participation, effort, or improvement over time, while others may focus strictly on exam results or mastery of specific skills. This subjective nature of grading means that two students with similar knowledge and skills could receive different grades based on these differing evaluation criteria.

In subjects like art, music, or physical education, where assessment is more subjective, you’ll find a wider range of interpretations of the grading scale. Conversely, subjects with more standardized testing, such as mathematics or science, may see more consistency in grading across different schools and teachers.

Handling of Failing Grades

Failing grades in North Macedonia are taken seriously, with various mechanisms in place to support students in overcoming academic challenges. When a student receives a grade indicating insufficient understanding or performance (typically a 1 or below 5 in the college scale), they might be required to attend additional tutoring, complete makeup assignments, or, in some cases, retake exams or courses.

Schools often have policies that allow for reassessment opportunities, remedial classes, or summer school programs to help students improve their grades and understanding of the material. The goal is to ensure that all students achieve a minimum level of competency in essential subjects, preparing them for further education or entering the workforce.

Understanding these special considerations is crucial for parents, students, and educators navigating the North Macedonia educational system. Acknowledging the variability in grading practices across different contexts highlights the importance of communication between educators and students. It ensures that grades are a fair and accurate reflection of student learning and achievements.


What does a grade of 5 mean in North Macedonia’s education system?
A grade of 5 in North Macedonia’s high school education system signifies “Excellent” performance, the highest possible grade, indicating outstanding understanding and mastery of the subject matter. In the college/university system, the highest grade is typically a 10, also indicating exceptional performance.

How is the grading scale in North Macedonia different from the US system?
The North Macedonia grading scale for high schools runs from 1 to 5, with 5 being the highest grade, while the US system typically uses letter grades from A to F, with A being the highest. For higher education, North Macedonia uses a 10-point scale, whereas the US continues with the letter grade system, often converted into a 4.0 GPA scale for cumulative performance.

Can students retake exams if they fail?
Yes, students in North Macedonia are usually given opportunities to retake exams or complete additional assignments to improve failing grades. Policies on retakes can vary by school and level of education but are generally aimed at helping students achieve the required competency in their subjects.

Do grades in North Macedonia include plus and minus variations?
While the primary grading system in North Macedonia does not officially include plus and minus variations, some schools and universities may use them informally to indicate slightly better or worse performance within a grade category. This practice is more common at the university level.

How do universities in North Macedonia calculate GPA?
Universities in North Macedonia typically calculate GPA (Grade Point Average) using the 10-point grading scale, where each grade is assigned a numerical value from 1 to 10. These values are then averaged over the courses taken, often weighted by credit hours, to compute the GPA on a scale from 0 to 10, which can be converted to other systems for international purposes.

Is it possible to compare North Macedonia grades directly with grades from other countries?
While direct comparisons can be challenging due to differences in grading scales, educational standards, and assessment criteria, general conversion tables (like the one provided earlier) exist to facilitate understanding between North Macedonia grades and those from countries like the US, UK, India, Australia, Canada, and China. However, for specific purposes such as university admissions, it’s essential to consult the institution’s own conversion criteria or use an international grade conversion service.

These FAQs aim to clarify common queries regarding the grading system in North Macedonia, providing students, parents, and educators with a better understanding of academic assessment in the country.

Additional Resources

When navigating the North Macedonia grading system, having access to official and reliable sources of information can be incredibly helpful. Here are some links to educational websites and resources that offer detailed insights into grading, policies, and academic standards within North Macedonia. Please note, the URLs are not provided, but these entities can be searched for directly or inquiries can be made through educational institutions for the most accurate and current information.

  • Ministry of Education and Science of North Macedonia: The official government website provides comprehensive information on educational policies, including grading scales, curriculum standards, and examination regulations. It’s an invaluable resource for understanding the educational framework at all levels.
  • National Examination Center (Drzaven Ispiten Centar): This site offers details on national exams, including those for university entrance and high school completion. It’s useful for understanding the assessment criteria and expectations for these critical tests.
  • State Education Inspectorate: This agency oversees the quality of education in North Macedonia, including adherence to grading standards. Their website can provide insights into how grades are monitored and regulated across different educational institutions.
  • Educational websites of major universities in North Macedonia: Universities such as Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, South East European University, and others have sections on their websites dedicated to academic regulations, including grading. These resources are particularly useful for prospective and current university students.
  • EuroEducation Net: This website offers a guide to higher education in North Macedonia, including a section on the grading system. It provides a good overview for international students or those considering studying abroad.

These resources are starting points for exploring the intricacies of the North Macedonia educational and grading system. Whether you’re a student looking to understand your academic standing, a parent seeking to support your child’s education, or an educator aiming to align with national standards, these websites can offer valuable guidance and information.