Nigeria Grading System

High School Grade Scale

The grading system in Nigerian high schools (also referred to as secondary schools) follows a standardized scale, often from A to F, similar to other international grading systems but with its unique distribution of percentage ranges and grade points. Below is a table that outlines the typical grade scale used in Nigerian high schools, alongside comparable English terms, equivalent percentage ranges, and GPA (Grade Point Average) where applicable.

Nigeria GradesComparable English TermsPercentage RangeGPA
A1Excellent75% – 100%4.0
B2Very Good70%74%3.6
C5Credit55% – 59%2.4
C6Credit50% – 54%2.0
D7Pass45% – 49%1.6
E8Pass40% – 44%1.2
F9Fail0% – 39%0.0

Note: Some schools may use variations like ‘+’ and ‘-‘ to further differentiate performance within these grades, but this practice is not universally applied across all Nigerian high schools.

College Grade Scale

At the college or university level, Nigeria adopts a more detailed grading system, often with a scale that ranges from 5.0 down to 0.0. Here’s how the grades typically translate:

Nigeria GradesComparable English TermsPercentage RangeGPA
AExcellent70% – 100%5.0
BVery Good60% – 69%4.0
CGood50% – 59%3.0
DFair45% – 49%2.0
EPass40% – 44%1.0
FFail0% – 39%0.0

This table offers a general look at how grading is structured within Nigerian institutions of higher education. It’s important to note that there might be slight variations in the grading system used by different universities and colleges in Nigeria. Some institutions may employ a more nuanced scale that includes grades like ‘A-‘, ‘B+’, ‘C-‘, etc., to provide a more precise evaluation of students’ academic performances.

In our next discussion, we’ll dive deeper into what each of these grades means and the significance they hold in the broader educational context. Stay tuned! 📚\

Understanding Grades in Nigeria

Let’s dive deeper into the significance of each grade in the Nigerian grading system, focusing on what these grades really mean for students in both high school and university settings.

A1 – Excellent 🌟

An A1 grade represents excellence. In high school, it corresponds to a percentage range of 75% to 100%, while at the university level, an ‘A’ spans from 70% to 100%. This grade signifies outstanding performance, indicating that the student has mastered the subject matter to a degree well beyond the expected standards.

B2/B3 – Very Good/Good 👍

B grades are split into B2 (Very Good) and B3 (Good) in high schools, corresponding to 70%-74% and 65%-69% ranges, respectively. At the university level, a ‘B’ generally means a score between 60% and 69%. These grades denote strong comprehension and application of the subject matter, though not at the highest level of excellence.

C4, C5, C6 – Credit ✔️

C grades, including C4, C5, and C6, represent a “Credit” level in high school, covering the percentage ranges of 60%-64%, 55%-59%, and 50%-54%, respectively. In universities, a ‘C’ is typically seen as good, with a range of 50% to 59%. A credit grade shows that the student has a satisfactory understanding of the subject, meeting the basic learning objectives.

D7/E8 – Pass ✅

D7 and E8 grades in high schools indicate a passing level, with percentages ranging from 45% to 49% and 40% to 44%, respectively. At the university level, a ‘D’ is often considered a fair grade, suggesting a minimal but sufficient grasp of the subject matter, while an ‘E’ is just enough to pass, indicating a marginal understanding.

F9 – Fail ❌

An F9 or ‘F’ at any educational level signifies failure, with a percentage range of 0% to 39%. This grade indicates that the student did not meet the minimum required understanding of the subject matter. In such cases, students may need to retake the course or subject to advance.

Understanding these grades is crucial for students, parents, and educators alike, as they provide a clear measure of academic achievement and areas needing improvement. Each grade reflects not just a student’s grasp of material but also guides future educational pathways and opportunities. In the next part, we’ll explore how Nigerian grades compare with other international grading systems, providing a broader context for academic evaluation. Stay tuned! 🌍

Nigeria Grade Comparison

Comparing grading systems across countries helps provide context and understanding, especially for international academic pursuits or evaluations. Below is a table that outlines how Nigerian grades compare with those of the US, UK, India, Australia, and Canada, including China. This comparison aims to offer a broad perspective on the equivalence of academic performance across these varied educational landscapes.

Nigeria GradesUS GradesUK GradesIndia GradesAustralia GradesCanada GradesChina Grades
A1 (Excellent)AFirst (1st)60-100% (O)High DistinctionAA (85-100%)
B2 (Very Good)A-Upper Second (2:1)55-59% (A)DistinctionA-A- (80-84%)
B3 (Good)B+Lower Second (2:2)50-54% (B+)CreditB+B+ (75-79%)
C4 (Credit)BThird (3rd)45-49% (B)CreditBB (70-74%)
C5 (Credit)B-Third (3rd)40-44% (B-)PassB-B- (65-69%)
C6 (Credit)C+Pass35-39% (C)PassC+C+ (60-64%)
D7 (Pass)CPass30-34% (C-)PassCC (55-59%)
E8 (Pass)C-Pass25-29% (D)PassC-D (50-54%)
F9 (Fail)FFail0-24% (F)FailFF (0-49%)

Key Points to Note:

  • A1 (Excellent) in Nigeria is comparable to an ‘A’ in the US, a First class in the UK, and similar top grades in other countries, representing the highest level of achievement.
  • Mid-range grades (B2, B3, C4-C6) in Nigeria correspond to good performance but with varying degrees of distinction or credit across the board. These are generally seen as solid achievements in all mentioned systems.
  • D7 and E8 (Pass) reflect the minimum satisfactory performance, aligning with the lower passing grades in these international systems.
  • F9 (Fail) universally indicates that the performance did not meet the required standards to pass.

This comparison illustrates that while grading systems may differ in their lettering or numbering, the concept of categorizing academic performance from excellent to failing is a common educational practice. It’s essential for students, especially those looking to study abroad or have their education recognized internationally, to understand how their grades translate across borders.

Next, we will discuss variations in grading systems across different states and types of schools in Nigeria, shedding light on the nuances that exist within the country’s educational system. Stay tuned!

Special Grading Considerations

In Nigeria, the grading system can vary slightly depending on the state and the type of school, such as public vs. private institutions. These variations can influence how grades are interpreted and how students’ performances are assessed. Let’s explore some of these special considerations.

Variations Across States

Nigeria, with its diverse educational policies across states, may experience slight deviations in grading scales, especially in primary and secondary education. For instance, some states might adopt a more lenient or strict grading curve based on their educational objectives or standards. This means that an ‘A’ in one state could be slightly easier or harder to achieve compared to another.

Differences in School Types

Public and private schools in Nigeria might apply the grading system differently. Private schools, for example, often have the autonomy to adjust their grading scales to align more closely with international standards, especially those schools offering international curriculums like the British or American system. This adjustment can lead to a higher grading threshold, requiring more effort from students to achieve top grades.

Grading Practices and Teacher Discretion

Grading practices can also vary from teacher to teacher within the same school. Some educators might grade more leniently, while others could be known for their strict grading policies. This variability means that the context within which a grade is awarded can sometimes be as important as the grade itself.

Handling of Failing Grades

How failing grades are handled can differ significantly across schools and states. In some schools, students might be given additional opportunities to retake exams or complete extra assignments to improve their grades. Other institutions might require students to repeat the year or subject if they fail to meet the minimum passing grade, emphasizing the importance of achieving a passing score for progression.

Extra Considerations for National Examinations

For national examinations, such as the West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) or the Joint Admissions and Matriculations Board (JAMB) exam, the grading system is standardized across Nigeria. However, the interpretation of these grades by universities and tertiary institutions can vary, with some universities setting higher cutoff marks for admission into certain courses.

Understanding these variations and special considerations is crucial for students, parents, and educators to navigate the Nigerian educational landscape effectively. It highlights the importance of not only aiming for high grades but also understanding the context within which these grades are awarded.

In our next discussion, we’ll delve into some frequently asked questions about the Nigerian grading system, providing further insights into how it operates and what students need to know. Stay tuned!


Let’s address some frequently asked questions about the Nigerian grading system to clarify common uncertainties and provide additional insights.

Q: How does the Nigerian grading system differ between high schools and universities?
A: In high schools, the grading system typically ranges from A1 (Excellent) to F9 (Fail), with each grade corresponding to a specific percentage range. Universities, however, often use a letter grade system from A (Excellent) to F (Fail), with the percentage range for each grade slightly adjusted. The university system also incorporates Grade Point Averages (GPAs) more extensively to measure overall academic performance.

Q: Can I convert my Nigerian grades to GPA for applications to universities abroad?
A: Yes, Nigerian grades can be converted to GPAs, but the conversion process may vary depending on the specific requirements of the foreign university. It’s essential to consult the university’s admissions office or use an official grade conversion tool to ensure accuracy.

Q: Do plus (+) and minus (-) grades (e.g., B+, C-) exist in the Nigerian grading system?
A: Plus and minus grades are not commonly used in the Nigerian secondary education system but may be found in some universities and colleges to provide a more nuanced evaluation of student performance.

Q: What happens if I fail a subject in high school or university in Nigeria?
A: In high school, failing a subject may require you to retake exams or attend summer classes. In universities, failing a course typically means you must retake the course to earn credit towards your degree. Policies can vary by institution, so it’s important to check specific school regulations.

Q: How are Nigerian grades recognized internationally?
A: Nigerian grades are recognized internationally, but you may need to provide a conversion or explanation of the grading system when applying to foreign institutions. Many universities worldwide are familiar with the Nigerian grading system and can evaluate your academic records accordingly.

Q: Is there grade inflation in Nigeria?
A: Like many education systems worldwide, grade inflation can occur in Nigeria, where grades might increase over time without a corresponding increase in learning and knowledge. However, the extent of grade inflation varies by institution and is continually monitored by educational authorities.

These FAQs aim to shed light on the Nigerian grading system and its nuances, helping students, parents, and educators navigate the academic landscape more effectively. If you have more specific questions, it’s always best to consult directly with educational institutions or relevant educational bodies.

Next, we’ll explore additional resources and official websites that provide further information on grades in Nigeria, ensuring you have access to accurate and helpful information. Stay tuned!

Additional Resources

For those looking to delve deeper into the Nigerian grading system, various official sources and helpful websites offer a wealth of information. Here’s a curated list of resources that can provide more detailed insights and guidance:

National Examinations Council (NECO)

  • Website: NECO
  • Info Provided: Offers detailed information on secondary school examination guidelines, grading scales, and results verification.

Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB)

  • Website: JAMB
  • Info Provided: Key resource for university admissions in Nigeria, including details on the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) grading system and score interpretation.

West African Examinations Council (WAEC)

  • Website: WAEC
  • Info Provided: Provides comprehensive information on the West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) grading system, exam schedules, and result checking.

Federal Ministry of Education, Nigeria

  • Website: Federal Ministry of Education
  • Info Provided: Official guidelines on the Nigerian educational system, policies, and grading standards across different levels of education.

National Universities Commission (NUC)

  • Website: NUC
  • Info Provided: Information on university education standards, including accreditation, curriculum guidelines, and grading systems in Nigerian universities.

These resources are essential for students, educators, and parents looking for official information on the Nigerian grading system and education policies. Whether you’re verifying exam results, understanding grading scales, or seeking admission into higher institutions, these websites serve as valuable tools to navigate the Nigerian educational landscape.

With this, we’ve covered extensive details on the Nigerian grading system, including grading scales, understanding grades, international comparisons, and additional resources. This guide should serve as a helpful starting point for anyone looking to understand or navigate the educational standards within Nigeria.