Myanmar Grading System

High School Grade Scale

In Myanmar, the grading system for high school education (Secondary Education) often follows a distinctive pattern, combining letters and descriptions with equivalent percentage ranges and Grade Point Averages (GPAs). Here’s a look at the main grade scales used:

Myanmar GradesEnglish TermsPercentage RangeGPA
DistinctionExcellent80% – 100%5.0
CreditVery Good65%79%4.0
PassGood / Satisfactory50% – 64%3.0
FailUnsatisfactoryBelow 50%0.0

College Grade Scale

At the college or university level in Myanmar, the grading system becomes a bit more complex, often including ‘+’ and ‘-‘ variations for finer distinctions. Some institutions might adopt a different grading scale, so it’s important to check with the specific college or university. Here’s a general overview:

Myanmar GradesEnglish TermsPercentage RangeGPA
A+Outstanding90% – 100%4.0+
A-Very Good80% – 84%3.7
B+Good75% – 79%3.3
BAbove Average70%74%3.0
B-Average65% – 69%2.7
C+Slightly Below Average60% – 64%2.3
CSatisfactory55% – 59%2.0
C-Passing50% – 54%1.7
D+Barely Passing45% – 49%1.3
DPoor40% – 44%1.0
FFailBelow 40%0.0

This table reflects a general guide; individual institutions may have variations in their grading scales, including additional grades like A++ for exceptionally high achievement, or distinctions between failing grades (F, FF, FFF) indicating the level of performance below the passing threshold.

Understanding these grades and their implications is crucial for students navigating their educational paths, whether aiming for graduation honors, evaluating eligibility for further studies, or considering career opportunities. Keep in mind that the specific criteria for grade assignment and the significance of ‘+’ and ‘-‘ variations can vary by school, reflecting nuances in academic achievement.

Understanding Grades in Myanmar

Diving deeper into what each grade signifies can help students, parents, and educators understand the expectations and achievements behind each letter or term. Here’s a closer look at the meaning behind the grades in Myanmar’s educational system:

Distinction / A+ 🌟

  • Meaning: Signifies outstanding performance, demonstrating a high level of understanding and mastery of the subject matter. Students showing exceptional analytical skills, creativity, and application of knowledge typically earn this grade.
  • Implications: Opens doors for scholarships, competitive programs, and is highly favorable for future academic and career opportunities.

Credit / A & A- ✅

  • Meaning: Represents excellent to very good performance, with a strong grasp of the subject and the ability to apply concepts proficiently. It indicates a student has gone beyond basic understanding to integrate and apply knowledge effectively.
  • Implications: Viewed positively by universities and employers, indicating a student is well-prepared for higher levels of study or professional work.

Pass / B+, B, B- ✔️

  • Meaning: Good to average performance indicating a satisfactory understanding of the course material. Students here demonstrate competence in the subject, though may not have the same depth of insight or consistency as those with higher grades.
  • Implications: Suggests readiness for further study, with some areas possibly needing more focus. Still, it’s a solid foundation for advancing in one’s academic or career path.

Slightly Below Average / C+, C 🔄

  • Meaning: Reflects a basic understanding, meeting the minimum criteria for passing. Indicates that while the student has grasped fundamental concepts, there may be gaps in knowledge or application.
  • Implications: A cue for students to seek additional help or study to strengthen their understanding, especially if pursuing competitive fields or programs.

Passing / C- ➖

  • Meaning: Just meeting the passing criteria, this grade suggests a student has achieved the bare minimum required. There’s an understanding of basic concepts but significant room for improvement.
  • Implications: Encourages reevaluation of study habits or seeking extra support to enhance comprehension and performance in future courses.

Barely Passing / D+, D ⚠️

  • Meaning: Indicates a poor grasp of the subject matter, with performance just above failing. Shows that the student has struggled significantly, understanding only a fraction of the required material.
  • Implications: A strong signal for immediate action to address learning challenges, possibly including tutoring, remedial classes, or reassessment of academic strategies.

Fail / F 🚫

  • Meaning: Failing grades signal that the student has not met the basic requirements of the course. This could be due to a lack of understanding, absence, or other factors affecting performance.
  • Implications: Requires retaking the course or subject to meet graduation requirements. It’s a call to thoroughly assess and address the reasons behind the failure to improve in future attempts.

Each grade not only reflects a student’s performance but also serves as feedback to help guide their academic journey. Recognizing the significance behind these grades can motivate students to strive for excellence and seek support when needed. Remember, grades are important, but they are just one part of your learning and development process. Always aim for improvement and understand that it’s okay to ask for help when you need it. Keep pushing forward! 💪📘

Myanmar Grade Comparison

Comparing Myanmar’s grading system with those of other countries can provide valuable insights for students planning to study abroad, educators assessing international qualifications, and employers evaluating foreign credentials. This table offers a comparative overview of how Myanmar’s grades align with the grading systems in the US, UK, India, Australia, Canada, and China.

High School Level Comparison

Myanmar GradeUS GradeUK Grade (GCSE)India GradeAustralia GradeCanada GradeChina Grade
DistinctionAA*/A90-100%AAA (90-100%)
CreditBB75-89%BBB (80-89%)
PassCC60-74%CCC (70-79%)
FailFFBelow 60%FFF (<70%)

College/University Level Comparison

Myanmar GradeUS GradeUK Grade (Degree)India GradeAustralia GradeCanada GradeChina Grade
A+A+First Class Honors90-100%HD (High Distinction)A+A+ (90-100%)
AAUpper Second Class (2:1)75-89%D (Distinction)AA (85-89%)
B+B+Lower Second Class (2:2)65-74%C (Credit)BB+ (80-84%)
BBThird Class55-64%P (Pass)B-B (75-79%)
C+C+Pass50-54%P- (Pass Conceded)C+C+ (70-74%)
FFFailBelow 50%F (Fail)FF (<70%)

This comparison aims to bridge the understanding between Myanmar’s grading system and those prevalent in other key education systems worldwide. It’s crucial for students and professionals to note that these equivalences can vary slightly depending on the institution and the specific criteria they use for international grade conversion. For those considering international education or career opportunities, it’s advisable to consult with academic advisors or potential employers to understand how your grades translate into their specific context.

Keep in mind that grading systems are designed to measure academic achievement and understanding within their own contexts, and direct comparisons might not always capture the nuances of each system. However, this table serves as a general guide to help navigate the complexities of international grade conversion.

Special Grading Considerations:

The grading system in Myanmar, like in many countries, is subject to variations across different states and types of schools. Understanding these variations is crucial for students, educators, and parents to navigate the education system effectively.

Variations Across States and School Types

  • State Differences: Myanmar is a diverse country with various states and regions having their unique educational oversight. As such, certain states might implement specific grading criteria or scales that slightly differ from the national standard, especially in rural or remote areas where educational resources and practices may vary.
  • School Types: Government schools, private schools, and international schools in Myanmar might adopt different grading scales based on their curriculum and assessment policies. International schools often follow grading systems that align with their affiliated educational system (e.g., American, British, or International Baccalaureate).

Grading Practices and Teacher Discretion

  • Teacher Discretion: In many schools across Myanmar, teachers have a degree of discretion in assessing student performance. This might include considerations for effort, participation, improvement, and extracurricular involvement, especially in primary and secondary education levels.
  • Subjective Assessments: For subjects that involve subjective evaluation, such as art, literature, or oral presentations, grading can vary significantly between teachers. Teachers are encouraged to provide clear rubrics and feedback to ensure students understand how their work is assessed.

Handling of Failing Grades

  • Remedial Support: Students receiving failing grades in Myanmar are often offered remedial classes or additional support to help them catch up. This might include tutoring, extra assignments, or the opportunity to re-sit exams.
  • Re-sit Exams: Failing important exams does not necessarily end a student’s academic journey. Opportunities to re-sit exams or to complete alternative assessments can be provided, allowing students a second chance to demonstrate their understanding and skills.
  • Grade Recovery Programs: Some schools offer grade recovery programs or projects that allow students to improve failing grades by completing additional work or demonstrating improvement in their knowledge and skills over time.

Variation in Handling Grades

  • Non-Academic Considerations: Schools might also consider non-academic factors in their grading, such as attendance, behavior, and participation in school activities. This holistic approach aims to encourage well-rounded development but can introduce variability in how grades are awarded.
  • Customized Education Plans: Especially in more flexible educational environments, such as private or international schools, customized education plans can lead to personalized grading criteria based on a student’s strengths, needs, and learning goals.

Understanding these variations and considerations is vital for effectively navigating the educational landscape in Myanmar. It’s important for students and parents to communicate with educators and school administrators to fully understand how grades are determined and what resources are available to support student learning. This awareness can help in setting realistic expectations and in taking proactive steps towards academic success.


Q: What is the passing grade in Myanmar’s high schools?
A: The passing grade in Myanmar’s high schools is generally considered to be “Pass” or a grade that reflects a satisfactory understanding of the subject matter, typically around the 50% mark or a GPA of 3.0.

Q: How do college grades in Myanmar compare to international grades?
A: College grades in Myanmar can be compared to international grades by using conversion tables that align Myanmar grades with those of the US, UK, India, Australia, Canada, and China. However, it’s important to consult with specific institutions for precise conversions.

Q: Can students improve a failing grade in Myanmar?
A: Yes, students in Myanmar have opportunities to improve failing grades through remedial classes, re-sit exams, or grade recovery programs that allow for additional work or assessments to demonstrate improved understanding and skills.

Q: Do all schools in Myanmar follow the same grading system?
A: While there is a general grading framework, variations exist across different states, school types (government, private, international), and depending on individual teacher discretion. International schools may follow the grading system of their respective curriculum.

Q: How are grades awarded for subjects with subjective assessment?
A: For subjects requiring subjective assessment, teachers use rubrics that outline criteria for grading. These subjects might include arts, literature, and oral presentations. Clear communication of expectations and feedback is essential for understanding grading in these areas.

Q: What role do non-academic factors play in grading?
A: In some schools in Myanmar, non-academic factors such as attendance, behavior, and participation in school activities may influence grades. This holistic approach aims to foster well-rounded development, though its impact on grades can vary by school.

Q: Are there special considerations for grading in rural or remote areas of Myanmar?
A: Yes, schools in rural or remote areas may face challenges that affect grading practices, including limited resources and varying educational oversight. These factors can lead to slight differences in how grades are assigned and assessed.

Understanding these FAQs can provide students, parents, and educators with a clearer view of the grading system in Myanmar, enabling better navigation through the educational landscape and more informed decision-making regarding academic and career planning.

Additional Resources

For those looking to dive deeper into the grading system in Myanmar and seeking official or detailed information, here are some valuable resources. While specific .edu or .gov websites in Myanmar focusing solely on the grading system might be limited, the following resources can offer guidance and further insights:

  1. Ministry of Education, Myanmar: The official website of the Ministry of Education in Myanmar provides comprehensive information on educational policies, curriculum standards, and sometimes grading practices across different educational levels. [Link to the Ministry’s website]
  2. Myanmar Education Research Bureau (MERB): MERB conducts research and publishes findings on various aspects of education in Myanmar, including assessment and grading systems. Their publications can offer detailed insights into how grades are determined and the rationale behind grading practices. [Link to MERB publications]
  3. University Websites: Many universities in Myanmar have their websites where they outline specific grading criteria, especially for college and university-level courses. Checking the academic regulations or guidelines section of these websites can provide precise information on grading scales and assessment methods. [Links to specific university websites]
  4. Educational NGOs and International Organizations in Myanmar: Websites of NGOs and international organizations working in the field of education in Myanmar may offer reports and analyses on the country’s education system, including grading practices. These can be valuable for understanding variations across different regions and school types. [Links to relevant NGOs and organizations]

When searching for information, always ensure that the resources are up to date and credible. Education policies and practices can evolve, making it essential to consult the latest resources or directly contact educational institutions for the most current information.

Please note that due to the limitations of this format, direct links to websites are not provided, but a quick search with the names provided should lead you to the respective online resources.