Israel Grading System

High School Grade Scale

In Israel, the grading system for high secondary education (high school) and higher education (college/university) encompasses a range from 0 to 100, with certain schools adopting variations like ‘+’ and ‘-‘ to further distinguish performance within the same grade level. The following tables will illustrate the main grade scales used, their comparable English terms, equivalent percentage ranges, and, where applicable, the corresponding Grade Point Average (GPA).

High School Grade Scale

Israel GradesComparable English TermsEquivalent Percentage RangeGPA (Out of 4.0)
90-100ExcellentA+3.7 – 4.0
80-89Very GoodA3.0 – 3.6
70-79GoodB2.0 – 2.9
60-69SatisfactoryC1.0 – 1.9
50-59PassD0.7 – 0.9

College / University Level Grade Scale

At the college or university level, the grading scale is similar but may be interpreted slightly differently depending on the institution, particularly when considering GPA conversions.

College Grade Scale

Israel GradesComparable English TermsEquivalent Percentage RangeGPA (Out of 4.0)
85-94ExcellentA3.5 – 3.9
75-84Very GoodB+3.0 – 3.4
65-74GoodB2.5 – 2.9
55-64SatisfactoryC+2.0 – 2.4
45-54PassC1.5 – 1.9

Note: Some institutions may offer grades such as ‘A-‘ or ‘B+’ to denote a slightly lower or higher achievement within a major grade category. These variations can affect GPA calculations and the interpretation of grades.

Understanding Grades in Israel

Grades in the Israeli education system are more than just numbers; they reflect a student’s comprehension, effort, and mastery of the subject matter. Let’s dive into what each grade range signifies:

🌟 90-100: Excellent 🌟

Achieving a grade in the range of 90 to 100 signifies outstanding performance. It means the student has not only mastered the course content but also demonstrated the ability to apply knowledge in complex and challenging situations. This grade range is often associated with a deep understanding of the material, exceptional critical thinking, and the ability to engage creatively with the subject matter.

📚 80-89: Very Good 📚

Scores between 80 and 89 are considered very good, indicating a high level of understanding and competence in the subject. Students with these grades have shown they grasp the material well and can apply their knowledge effectively, though there may be room for deeper understanding or more consistent application.

👍 70-79: Good 👍

Grades in the 70 to 79 range reflect a good understanding of the material. Students performing at this level are competent in their subject areas but may need to strengthen their grasp on certain concepts or improve their ability to apply knowledge more broadly.

✔️ 60-69: Satisfactory ✔️

Scoring between 60 and 69 is considered satisfactory. It indicates that the student has a basic understanding of the subject matter but might struggle with more complex concepts or applications. This level suggests there is significant room for improvement, but the foundation for further learning is present.

✅ 50-59: Pass ✅

A grade in the 50 to 59 range means the student has met the minimum requirements to pass the course. It suggests a fundamental understanding of key concepts but indicates difficulty in applying knowledge consistently or effectively engaging with more challenging material.

🚫 0-49: Fail 🚫

Grades below 50 signify that the student has not met the basic requirements of the course. This range indicates a need for substantial improvement and additional study. Failing grades are a call to action for students to seek further assistance, revisit the course material, and possibly reassess their study strategies.

Understanding these grade significances helps students identify their strengths and areas for improvement, guiding them on their academic journey. It’s crucial to approach each grade as a stepping stone towards personal and academic growth, embracing both achievements and challenges along the way.

Israel Grade Comparison

This section provides a comprehensive table comparing the grading systems of Israel with those of other countries, including the US, UK, India, Australia, and Canada, as well as China. This comparison can help students, educators, and academic institutions understand how Israeli grades translate into other educational contexts.

Comparison of Grading Systems

Israel GradesUS GradesUK Grades (Percentage/Class)India Grades (Percentage)Australia GradesCanada GradesChina Grades
95-100A+First Class Honours (70-100)O (90-100)High Distinction (HD, 85-100)A+A+ (90-100)
85-94AUpper Second Class (60-69)A+ (80-89)Distinction (D, 75-84)AA (85-89)
75-84B+Lower Second Class (50-59)A (70-79)Credit (C, 65-74)BB+ (75-84)
65-74BThird Class (40-49)B+ (60-69)Pass (P, 50-64)CB (65-74)
55-64C+Pass (35-39)B (50-59)Pass Conceded (PC, 45-49)DC+ (60-64)
45-54CFail (<35)C (40-49)Fail (<50)FC (55-59)
0-44FFail (<35)Fail (<40)Fail (<50)FF (<55)

Please note, the comparisons provided are generalized and can vary significantly between different educational institutions and countries. For instance, grading scales in the UK and Australia are subdivided into more specific classes and distinctions, respectively. Additionally, the conversion to GPA or percentage ranges might not directly align due to differences in academic standards, evaluation criteria, and grade inflation.

Understanding these comparisons is crucial for students planning to study abroad, educators assessing foreign transcripts, and academic institutions establishing exchange programs. It provides a foundation for translating academic achievements across different educational cultures and ensuring fair and accurate academic recognition.

Special Grading Considerations in Israel

In Israel, like in many educational systems worldwide, grading can vary significantly across different states, types of schools, and even between teachers within the same institution. These variations are influenced by several factors, including educational policy, school culture, and individual teacher’s assessment methods.

Variations Across States and School Types

  • State vs. Religious Schools: In Israel, state schools and religious state schools may follow the same national curriculum, but the emphasis on certain subjects can lead to differences in grading practices. For example, religious schools might place a higher value on scriptural studies, which could affect grading priorities and outcomes.
  • Experimental and Democratic Schools: These schools often adopt alternative educational philosophies, which can include more holistic and student-centered assessment methods. Grading might be more qualitative, focusing on individual progress and development rather than strictly quantitative measures.

Teacher Discretion

  • Assessment Methods: Teachers have considerable discretion in how they assess student performance. While some might favor traditional exams, others may prioritize projects, presentations, or continuous assessment, leading to variations in how grades are assigned.
  • Grade Inflation: The tendency to award higher grades than students’ work may warrant can vary significantly between teachers and schools, impacting the overall interpretation of grades.

Handling Failing Grades

  • Remedial Education: Students who receive failing grades are often given opportunities to attend remedial classes or to retake exams. This approach is designed to help students achieve the necessary competencies and progress to the next grade level.
  • Repeat Year: In some cases, students may be required to repeat the year if they fail to meet the minimum academic standards. This decision is typically made after considering the student’s overall performance and potential to improve.

Encouraging Academic Integrity

  • Plagiarism and Cheating: Schools in Israel are increasingly using software and academic policies to combat plagiarism and cheating. The approach to dealing with academic dishonesty can affect grading, as instances of misconduct may lead to failing grades or other academic penalties.

Understanding these variations and considerations is important for students, parents, and educators alike. It highlights the complexity of the grading system and the importance of a comprehensive approach to education that goes beyond mere numbers. Recognizing the diversity in grading practices can help in setting appropriate expectations and strategies for academic success.


Q: What is the passing grade in Israeli high schools?
A: The passing grade in Israeli high schools is generally considered to be 56, but this can vary slightly depending on the school’s specific requirements.

Q: Can students retake exams if they fail in Israel?
A: Yes, students often have the opportunity to retake exams they have failed. Schools usually offer remedial education or additional study sessions to help students prepare for retakes.

Q: How does the plus/minus system work in Israeli grading?
A: Some schools and universities in Israel use a plus/minus system to provide more granularity in grading. For example, an 87 might be considered an A- to differentiate it from a higher A grade, like a 93, which might be considered an A or A+. The exact usage and impact on GPA can vary between institutions.

Q: How are grades converted for students studying abroad?
A: Grades for students studying abroad are converted based on equivalency tables or agreements between educational institutions. It’s important for students to check with their home and host institutions to understand how their grades will be translated.

Q: Do different types of schools in Israel have different grading systems?
A: While the basic grading system is consistent across Israel, there may be variations in how grades are applied and interpreted in different types of schools, such as state, religious, experimental, and democratic schools. These variations usually reflect differences in educational philosophy and priorities.

Q: How is academic dishonesty handled in Israeli schools?
A: Academic dishonesty, including plagiarism and cheating, is taken seriously in Israeli schools. Policies vary by institution but can include failing grades for the assignment or course, academic probation, or even expulsion in severe cases.

Q: Are there any special considerations for grading during the COVID-19 pandemic?
A: During the COVID-19 pandemic, many schools and universities in Israel, like those around the world, adapted their grading policies to account for the challenges of remote learning and assessment. This included more flexible deadlines, adjustments to grading scales, and alternative assessment methods. It’s best to consult specific institutions for details on pandemic-related grading policies.

These FAQs cover a broad range of topics related to the Israeli grading system, providing students, parents, and educators with valuable insights into navigating academic assessment in Israel.

Additional Resources

  • Ministry of Education: The official website for Israel’s Ministry of Education offers comprehensive information on the educational system, including regulations, programs, and services across all levels of education from preschool to higher education. Visit site.
  • Jewish Virtual Library – Principal Laws Relating to Education in Israel: This resource provides detailed information on the principal laws governing the Israeli education system, covering compulsory education, state education, the Council for Higher Education, school inspection, special education, and long school day and enrichment studies laws. Read more.
  • Council for Higher Education: This site outlines the roles and responsibilities of the Council for Higher Education in Israel, including accreditation of institutions, proposal for the advancement of scientific research, and the establishment of higher education institutions.