Indonesia Grading System

The grading system in Indonesia for High Secondary education and College/University level is quite structured and aims to provide a comprehensive assessment of students’ academic performance. Here, we’ll explore the main grade scales used, with an emphasis on the high school and higher education levels. It’s worth noting that some variations like ‘+’ and ‘-‘ exist within certain schools, and there might be multiple grading scales applicable in different educational institutions.

High School Grade Scale

Indonesia GradesComparable English TermsEquivalent Percentage RangeEquivalent GPA
BGood70-84%3.0 – 3.99
CSufficient60-69%2.0 – 2.99
DPoor50-59%1.0 – 1.99
EFailBelow 50%0

Note: Some schools might use A+, A, A- etc., to provide a more nuanced evaluation.

College Grade Scale

Indonesia GradesComparable English TermsEquivalent Percentage RangeEquivalent GPA
BVery Good75-84%3.0 – 3.74
CGood65-74%2.0 – 2.99
DSufficient55-64%1.0 – 1.99
EFailBelow 55%0

Similar to high schools, colleges and universities in Indonesia may also apply ‘+’ and ‘-‘ to grades to reflect slight differences in academic achievement more accurately.

This system enables educators and institutions to categorize student performance in a way that aligns with international standards, facilitating academic mobility and understanding across borders. 🌍

Stay tuned for a deeper dive into what each grade signifies and how they are perceived in the context of Indonesian education.

Understanding Grades in Indonesia

Each grade in the Indonesian grading system encapsulates a range of academic achievement, from excellence to the need for significant improvement. Let’s explore what these grades mean in more detail. πŸ“˜

A – Excellent 🌟

The ‘A’ grade signifies exceptional performance, indicating a deep understanding of the subject matter, the ability to apply knowledge in practical contexts, and often going above and beyond the basic curriculum requirements. Students achieving this grade have mastered the course content and demonstrated high levels of critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

B – Good/Very Good πŸ‘

A ‘B’ grade reflects very good to good performance, showing that the student has a solid understanding of the material and can apply their knowledge effectively. While there may be room for improvement in some areas, students with a ‘B’ grade have shown competence and understanding in the subject.

C – Sufficient πŸ†—

Receiving a ‘C’ grade indicates that the student has met the minimum requirements to pass. It suggests an adequate but not thorough understanding of the subject matter. Students with a ‘C’ grade are encouraged to deepen their understanding and improve their skills in the area.

D – Poor πŸ˜•

A ‘D’ grade is a sign that the student has a limited understanding of the subject and has not met the expectations for proficiency and skill application. It suggests that significant improvement is needed for the student to successfully progress in their academic or professional field.

E – Fail ❌

An ‘E’ grade denotes that the student has not met the minimum requirements to pass the course. This grade indicates a need for substantial improvement and, often, the necessity to retake the course or module to achieve a passing grade.

Understanding these grades and what they represent is crucial for students, parents, and educators alike. It helps in setting realistic academic goals, identifying areas for improvement, and fostering an environment of continuous learning and development. Keep striving, keep learning, and remember, every grade is a step in your educational journey. πŸš€

Indonesia Grade Comparison

Comparing the Indonesian grading system with those of other countries can help students, educators, and academic professionals understand how academic performance is measured across different educational cultures. This table offers a broad comparison between Indonesia and several other countries, including the US, UK, India, Australia, Canada, and China.

Grade Comparison Table

Indonesia GradesUS GradesUK GradesIndia GradesAustralia GradesCanada GradesChina Grades
A (85-100%)A (90-100%)First (70%+)O (75-100%)HD (High Distinction 85-100%)A (80-100%)A (85-100%)
B (70-84%)B (80-89%)Upper Second (60-69%)A (60-74%)D (Distinction 75-84%)B (70-79%)B (75-84%)
C (60-69%)C (70-79%)Lower Second (50-59%)B+ (55-59%)C (Credit 65-74%)C (60-69%)C (65-74%)
D (50-59%)D (60-69%)Third (40-49%)B (50-54%)P (Pass 50-64%)D (50-59%)D (60-64%)
E (Below 50%)F (Below 60%)Fail (Below 40%)F (Below 50%)F (Fail Below 50%)F (Below 50%)F (Below 60%)

It’s important to note that grading systems can vary significantly between institutions within the same country, and the comparison provided here is a general guideline. Specific grades may be interpreted differently depending on the context of the educational system and the standards of the institution.

This comparison highlights the diversity in academic evaluation methods worldwide, offering a perspective on how Indonesian grades might translate into the grading systems of other countries. Such insights are invaluable for students considering international education or for educators assessing the credentials of international students.

Special Grading Considerations

In Indonesia, as in many countries, the application of the grading system can vary across different states and types of schools. These variations reflect the diversity in educational approaches and policies at regional levels and among different institutions. Understanding these nuances is crucial for students, parents, and educators to navigate the educational landscape effectively.

Variations Across States and School Types

  • State vs. Private Schools: Public (state) schools in Indonesia might adhere more strictly to the national grading system, while private schools have the flexibility to implement their own grading scales, often to align with international standards or specific educational philosophies.
  • International Schools: These schools may follow an entirely different grading system, such as the International Baccalaureate (IB) or the grading system of another country (e.g., the American or British system), to cater to their diverse student body and educational objectives.

Grading Practices and Teacher Discretion

  • Teacher Discretion: Individual teachers may have some discretion in grading, especially in subjective subjects like art or literature. This means two students with similar work might receive slightly different grades based on the teacher’s interpretation of their performance.
  • Assessment Methods: The types of assessments used (e.g., written exams, oral presentations, project work) can influence grading. Schools and teachers may emphasize different skills, leading to variations in how grades are awarded.

Handling Failing Grades

  • Remedial Classes: Students receiving failing grades (‘E’) might be required to attend remedial classes or extra tutoring sessions to improve their understanding and skills in the subject matter.
  • Retaking Exams: Some schools offer the opportunity to retake exams or complete additional assignments to improve failing grades. This policy aims to provide students with a second chance to demonstrate their knowledge and skills.
  • Academic Probation: In some cases, particularly at the university level, students with consistently low grades may be placed on academic probation. This status serves as a warning and offers students support and resources to help improve their academic performance.

Understanding these special grading considerations is essential for navigating the educational system and making informed decisions about one’s academic journey. It highlights the importance of not only striving for good grades but also understanding the context in which these grades are awarded and what support systems are available for improvement.


Here are some frequently asked questions about the Indonesian grading system and scale to help clarify common inquiries and provide additional insights.

Q: What is considered a passing grade in Indonesian schools?
A: In general, a grade of ‘C’ or above is considered passing in Indonesian schools, indicating that the student has met the minimum requirements of understanding in the subject area. However, this can vary by institution, so it’s essential to check specific school policies.

Q: Can students improve their grades after failing an exam?
A: Yes, many schools and universities in Indonesia offer opportunities for students to improve their grades through remedial classes, retaking exams, or completing additional assignments. These options depend on the institution’s policies.

Q: How is the GPA calculated in Indonesia?
A: The GPA (Grade Point Average) in Indonesia is typically calculated on a 4.0 scale, with each letter grade corresponding to a specific point value (A=4, B=3, C=2, D=1, E=0). To calculate the GPA, the point value for each course is multiplied by the number of credits for that course, the results are summed, and then divided by the total number of credits taken.

Q: Are there differences in grading between subjects?
A: While the grading scale remains consistent, the way grades are determined can vary between subjects, especially between those that are more objective (like math) and those that are subjective (like art). Teachers may have discretion in grading subjective subjects.

Q: How do Indonesian grades compare to international grades?
A: Indonesian grades can be roughly compared to international grading systems, but differences exist. For example, an ‘A’ in Indonesia is similar to an ‘A’ in the US or a ‘First’ in the UK. However, it’s essential to consult specific conversion tables or guidelines provided by educational institutions for accurate comparisons.

Q: Do extracurricular activities affect academic grades in Indonesia?
A: Generally, extracurricular activities do not directly impact academic grades in Indonesia. However, participation in such activities can be a part of a holistic assessment of a student’s abilities and achievements, especially for university admissions or scholarship applications.

Understanding these FAQs can help navigate the nuances of the Indonesian grading system, providing students, parents, and educators with the knowledge to make informed decisions and achieve academic success.

Additional Resources

For those looking to delve deeper into the Indonesian grading system and its nuances, or perhaps seeking official guidelines and educational policies, here are some resources from .edu and .gov websites that can provide authoritative information and further assistance.

  • Ministry of Education and Culture of Indonesia Website:
    This official government website offers comprehensive details on the Indonesian education system, including policies, regulations, and guidelines related to grading and academic standards. It’s an invaluable resource for understanding the framework within which Indonesian schools operate.
  • Indonesian Universities’ Official Websites:
    Many universities in Indonesia provide detailed explanations of their grading systems, which can sometimes vary slightly from the national standard. Checking the official website of a specific university (e.g., Universitas Indonesia can offer insights into their unique grading policies and academic expectations.
  • SEAMEO QITEP in Science:
    The Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO) Quality Improvement of Teachers and Education Personnel (QITEP) in Science provides resources and research on improving science education in Southeast Asia, including assessment and grading practices.
  • Asian Development Bank – Education in Indonesia:
    While not a .edu or .gov site, the Asian Development Bank provides reports and insights on the broader context of education in Indonesia, including challenges and reforms in the grading system as part of its educational improvement initiatives.

These resources can serve as a starting point for anyone interested in getting a more detailed understanding of the grading system in Indonesia, exploring educational policies, or seeking official academic guidelines and support.