Greece Grading System

High School Grade Scale

The Greek educational system for high school (Lyceum or Geniko Lykeio) utilizes a numerical grading scale that ranges from 1 to 20. This scale is pivotal for students, as it determines their eligibility for university entrance exams. The table below outlines the grading scale, providing a comparison with terms familiar to English-speaking countries, equivalent percentage ranges, and the corresponding Grade Point Average (GPA).

Greece GradesTerms in EnglishEquivalent PercentageEquivalent GPA
13-16.9Very Good70-84%3.0-3.9

Some schools may incorporate variations such as ‘+’ and ‘-‘ to denote minor differences within these grade ranges, offering a more nuanced assessment of students’ performance.

College Grade Scale

At the college or university level in Greece, the grading system follows a similar scale but is often perceived with different standards due to the higher level of specialization and difficulty in coursework. The grading scale remains from 1 to 20, but the interpretation and significance of these grades can vary more significantly between faculties and universities.

Greece GradesTerms in EnglishEquivalent PercentageEquivalent GPA
6.5-8.49Very Good65-84%3.0-3.9
Below 5FailBelow 50%0.0

In higher education, ‘+’ and ‘-‘ grades are less common, but some institutions may use them for internal purposes or to provide more detailed feedback to students. It is essential for students to understand the grading policy of their specific institution, as it can significantly impact their academic planning and success.

This grading system plays a critical role in students’ academic lives, influencing their qualifications for further education, scholarships, and career opportunities. Stay tuned for a deeper dive into what each grade level signifies and how they reflect on students’ achievements!

Understanding Grades in Greece

Grades in the Greek education system reflect a student’s understanding and mastery of the subject matter. Each grade range signifies specific levels of achievement, from excellence to failing. Here’s a closer look at what each grade means for students in both high school and university contexts.

🌟 Excellent (17-20 in High School / 8.5-10 in College)

  • High School: This grade signifies outstanding performance, with the student demonstrating superior understanding and application of the material. It reflects a high level of critical thinking, creativity, and the ability to engage with complex concepts.
  • College/University: Achieving this grade at the tertiary level indicates a student has not only mastered the coursework but also can apply knowledge in innovative ways, often surpassing the basic requirements.

👍 Very Good (13-16.9 in High School / 6.5-8.49 in College)

  • High School: Students achieving these grades have a strong grasp of the subject, with few areas for improvement. They show good analytical skills and a solid understanding of the course content.
  • College/University: At this level, it denotes a deep understanding of the material, good analytical abilities, and the competence to apply concepts in practical situations.

👌 Good (10-12.9 in High School / 5-6.49 in College)

  • High School: This range indicates a satisfactory performance. Students have a decent understanding of most of the material but may struggle with more complex concepts or applications.
  • College/University: A “Good” grade signifies that a student meets the course requirements and understands the material but lacks the depth of insight or analytical skills seen in higher grades.

😐 Satisfactory (6.5-9.9 in High School)

  • High School Only: Students in this grade range have met the minimum requirements to pass. They show basic knowledge and understanding of the subject but lack thoroughness and depth in comprehension and application.

🚫 Fail (1-6.4 in High School / Below 5 in College)

  • High School: Falling into this grade range means the student has not met the basic learning objectives of the course. It indicates significant gaps in understanding and application of the material.
  • College/University: A failing grade at the tertiary level signifies that the student did not achieve the minimum required standards. This may require retaking the course or undertaking additional work to meet degree requirements.

Grades not only assess students’ knowledge but also guide their learning by identifying strengths and areas for improvement. Understanding what each grade signifies can help students set realistic goals and work towards achieving them. Let’s continue to explore how these grades compare internationally in our next section!

Greece Grade Comparison

Comparing the Greek grading system with those of other countries can help students, educators, and parents understand how academic performance is assessed across different educational contexts. This table provides a comparative overview of grading scales in Greece, the United States (US), the United Kingdom (UK), India, Australia, Canada, and China, offering insights into equivalences and differences.

Greece GradesUS GradesUK GradesIndia GradesAustralia GradesCanada GradesChina Grades
17-20AFirst-Class Honours75-100%High DistinctionA (80-100%)85-100%
13-16.9A- to B+Upper Second Class60-74%DistinctionB (70-79%)75-84%
10-12.9B- to C+Lower Second Class50-59%CreditC (60-69%)60-74%
6.5-9.9DThird Class40-49%PassD (50-59%)50-59%
1-6.4FFailBelow 40%FailF (Below 50%)Below 50%

Key Observations:

  • High Achievers: Greece’s top grades (17-20) are roughly equivalent to an A in the US, a First-Class Honours in the UK, and similar high distinctions in other countries. This reflects exceptional performance and mastery of the subject matter.
  • Solid Performance: Grades in the “Very Good” range (13-16.9) are somewhat comparable to the B range in the US and Upper Second Class in the UK, indicating a strong grasp of the course content and above-average performance.
  • Satisfactory: The “Good” category (10-12.9) aligns with lower B to C grades in the US and a Lower Second Class in the UK, representing a satisfactory level of understanding and application of the material.
  • Passing Grades: The “Satisfactory” range in Greek high schools (6.5-9.9) might compare to a D in the US and Canada, indicating just meeting the minimum requirements to pass.
  • Failing: Grades below the passing threshold signify that a student has not met the required standards, a standard that is consistently recognized across all these educational systems.

This comparison illustrates the diversity of grading scales and standards across the world, reflecting different educational philosophies and assessment criteria. Understanding these differences is crucial for students who are considering studying abroad or transferring between educational systems.

Special Grading Considerations

The Greek educational system, like those in many countries, accommodates a variety of grading practices that reflect the diverse nature of its academic institutions and the unique characteristics of different regions and types of schools. Understanding these nuances is essential for a comprehensive grasp of how grades are assigned and what they signify in different contexts.

Variations Across Regions and Schools

  • Regional Differences: Depending on the region, some schools might apply the grading scale slightly differently, especially in terms of grade inflation or deflation. Rural areas, for instance, may exhibit different grading characteristics compared to urban centers, reflecting various factors including resource availability, teacher qualifications, and educational focus.
  • School Types: Specialized schools (e.g., vocational or technical schools) and private institutions might adopt different grading standards or scales to better reflect their educational priorities and outcomes. For instance, a technical school may place more emphasis on practical skills, which could influence grading practices related to hands-on assessments.

Teacher Discretion

  • Grading Practices: Individual teachers play a significant role in determining grades, with considerable discretion in how they assess student performance. This can lead to variations in grading even within the same school, depending on a teacher’s assessment style, the criteria emphasized (e.g., creativity, accuracy, effort), and even the mix of assessments used (e.g., projects, exams, participation).
  • Feedback and Evaluation: Teachers in Greece are encouraged to provide constructive feedback, aiming to guide student improvement. This educational approach emphasizes learning and development, with grades serving not just as a final assessment but as a tool for ongoing educational engagement.

Handling of Failing Grades

  • Remedial Support: Students receiving failing grades typically have access to additional support, including remediation classes or tutoring opportunities. This support aims to address learning gaps and improve understanding in subject areas where students are struggling.
  • Reassessment Opportunities: In many cases, students are given a chance to retake exams or complete additional assignments to improve their grades. This policy acknowledges that learning is a process and provides a pathway for students to demonstrate their improvement and mastery over time.

The Greek grading system, with its variations and considerations, reflects a complex landscape of educational practices designed to accommodate a diverse student population. Understanding these nuances is crucial for navigating the system effectively, whether as a student, parent, or educator. The system’s flexibility and the emphasis on individual teacher discretion highlight a commitment to education that is responsive to the needs and potential of each student.


Below are some frequently asked questions about the Greece grading system, offering clear answers to help students, parents, and educators better understand how grading works in Greece.

How is the Greek grading system structured?
The Greek grading system for both high school and university levels is numerically based, ranging from 1 to 20, where grades below 10 are considered failing at the high school level, and grades below 5 are failing at the university level. This system allows for detailed assessment of student performance.

Can grades vary significantly between different schools or universities in Greece?
Yes, grading can vary between different institutions and even among teachers within the same school, due to individual assessment methods and criteria. However, the grading scale itself remains consistent across the country.

What happens if a student fails a class in Greece?
Students who fail may have the opportunity to attend remediation classes or take re-examinations to improve their grades. The specifics can vary by school and level of education (high school vs. university).

Are there “plus” and “minus” grades in the Greek grading system?
While the primary grading scale is numeric from 1 to 20, some schools might use “plus” and “minus” distinctions informally to provide more nuanced feedback within the broader grade categories.

How are grades converted for students studying abroad?
Grades earned in Greece can be converted according to the grading system of the host country where a student is studying abroad. Universities often use international grade conversion tables to ensure fair assessment of academic performance.

Is there grade inflation in the Greek education system?
Like many education systems worldwide, Greece may experience instances of grade inflation, but this can vary by institution and region. Efforts are continuously made to ensure grading standards remain rigorous and reflective of student achievement.

Understanding these aspects of the Greek grading system can help demystify the process for students and their families, ensuring a clearer path to academic success and planning for the future.

Additional Resources

For those seeking more information on the Greek grading system, several official and educational websites provide detailed insights, guidelines, and support materials. Here’s a list of valuable resources:

  • Greek Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs ( This official government website offers comprehensive information on the educational policies, grading systems, and curricular standards across all levels of education in Greece.
  • National and Kapodistrian University of Athens ( As one of the leading higher education institutions in Greece, their website provides detailed information on university grading practices, academic regulations, and international student guides, including grade conversion charts.
  • Aristotle University of Thessaloniki ( Another premier Greek university offering extensive resources on academic programs, grading systems, and research opportunities for both domestic and international students.
  • Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency (HQA) ( This agency oversees the quality assurance in higher education in Greece. Their website includes reports and guidelines on educational standards, including grading practices.

These resources can be instrumental for students, educators, and researchers looking to understand more about the Greek educational system, ensuring access to accurate and official information. Whether you’re a local student navigating your educational journey or an international student planning to study in Greece, these websites serve as a valuable starting point for your inquiries.