Czech Republic Grading System

High School Grade Scale

The grading system in Czech high schools (Střední školy) is typically numerical, ranging from 1 to 5, where 1 is the best and 5 is the worst. This scale closely mirrors the traditional European grading framework. Below is a table that outlines the Czech Republic grades, their comparable English terms, and the equivalent percentage range and GPA. Note that the ‘+’ and ‘-‘ variations are not officially part of the grading scale in Czechia but might be used informally within some schools to indicate a performance that is on the border between two grades.

Czech Republic GradesComparable English TermsEquivalent Percentage RangeEquivalent GPA
2Very Good80-89%3.0
5FailBelow 60%0.0

College Grade Scale

At the college or university level in the Czech Republic (Vysoké školy), the grading system is similar to that used in high schools but is applied with higher academic standards in mind. The table below presents the grading scale at this level, including comparable English terms and the equivalent percentage range and GPA. Variations such as ‘+’ or ‘-‘ are more likely to be used at the discretion of individual professors or departments to provide a more nuanced evaluation of a student’s performance.

Czech Republic GradesComparable English TermsEquivalent Percentage RangeEquivalent GPA
2Very Good80-89%3.0
5FailBelow 60%0.0

This grading scale serves as a benchmark for academic performance, with variations existing across different faculties or universities. It’s essential for students to familiarize themselves with the specific grading criteria of their institution.

Stay tuned for a deeper dive into what each grade means and how it reflects a student’s performance! 📚✨

Understanding Grades in Czech Republic

🌟 1 – Excellent (Výborně)

The grade of 1, or “Excellent,” signifies top-tier performance, demonstrating a deep understanding and mastery of the subject matter. Students who achieve this grade have not only met all the required criteria but have also shown an ability to apply knowledge creatively and to solve complex problems. This grade suggests a high level of initiative, engagement, and proficiency.

📚 2 – Very Good (Velmi dobře)

Receiving a 2, or “Very Good,” indicates a strong grasp of the course content, with few minor errors. Students with this grade have demonstrated a solid understanding of the material and are capable of applying concepts effectively. It represents a high standard of work, though slightly lacking the excellence or innovative application seen in those achieving the top grade.

👍 3 – Good (Dobře)

A grade of 3, or “Good,” is awarded to students who have a satisfactory command of the curriculum. They meet the basic requirements and understand the main concepts but might struggle with more challenging problems or advanced applications. This grade reflects a competent, if not outstanding, level of achievement.

✔️ 4 – Satisfactory (Dostatečně)

The “Satisfactory” grade of 4 indicates that the student has met the minimum requirements to pass. Work that receives this grade generally shows an understanding of the basic concepts but lacks depth and detail. Students may have difficulty with more complex topics and show significant gaps in knowledge or skills.

🚫 5 – Fail (Nedostatečně)

A grade of 5, or “Fail,” signifies that the student has not met the required standards. This grade is given when there is a significant lack of understanding of the subject matter, failure to meet the minimum criteria, or both. Students receiving this grade may need to retake the course or undergo additional study to reach the necessary level of proficiency.

These grades are crucial indicators of a student’s progress and areas for improvement. They reflect not only a student’s grasp of the subject matter but also their engagement and effort levels. Understanding the meaning behind each grade can help students set realistic goals and work towards achieving their academic potential. 📈📘

Czech Republic Grade Comparison

This section provides a comparative overview of how the Czech Republic’s grading system aligns with those of other countries, such as the US, UK, India, Australia, Canada, and China. This comparison is meant to offer a broad perspective on how Czech grades translate internationally, facilitating a better understanding for students, educators, and academic professionals involved in international education.

Czech Republic GradesUS GradesUK GradesIndia GradesAustralia GradesCanada GradesChina Grades
1 (Excellent)AFirst-class Honours (70-100%)O (Outstanding)High Distinction (HD)AA (90-100%)
2 (Very Good)A-/B+Upper Second-class Honours (60-69%)A+Distinction (D)A-/B+A-/B+ (80-89%)
3 (Good)BLower Second-class Honours (50-59%)ACredit (C)BB (70-79%)
4 (Satisfactory)CThird-class Honours (40-49%)B+Pass (P)CC (60-69%)
5 (Fail)FFail (<40%)F (Fail)Fail (F)FF (<60%)

Key Points:

  • High Achievement: A Czech grade of 1 (Excellent) is broadly equivalent to receiving an A in the US, a First-class Honours in the UK, an O (Outstanding) in India, a High Distinction in Australia, an A in Canada, and an A in China.
  • Moderate Success: A grade of 3 (Good) in the Czech system is somewhat comparable to a B in the US, a Lower Second-class Honours in the UK, an A in India, a Credit in Australia, a B in Canada, and a B in China.
  • Passing Threshold: The Czech grade of 4 (Satisfactory) aligns with passing grades that indicate the minimum competency across different countries, such as a C in the US and Canada, a Pass in Australia, and a Third-class Honours in the UK.
  • Failure to Meet Standards: A Czech grade of 5 (Fail) corresponds to failing grades in other systems, indicating a need for significant improvement or retaking the course.

This table serves as a general guide and should be used with an understanding that grading scales can vary significantly between different educational institutions and countries. It provides a starting point for comparing academic achievement across different educational contexts.

Special Grading Considerations

The Czech Republic’s grading system, while consistent in its basic structure, can exhibit variations across different regions, schools, and levels of education. These differences may influence how grades are assigned and interpreted. Understanding these nuances is essential for students, parents, and educators navigating the educational landscape in Czechia.

Variations Across States and School Types

  • Regional Differences: Although the Czech educational system is relatively uniform, minor regional differences can exist in how grades are interpreted and awarded. These variations are usually subtle and more pronounced in how teachers apply criteria for grading rather than in the grading scale itself.
  • Differences Between Schools: Individual schools, especially private or specialized institutions, may adopt slightly different grading policies. For example, some might use additional symbols like ‘+’ or ‘-‘ to provide a more nuanced assessment of students’ performance, even though this is not standard practice across the country.

Grading Practices and Teacher Discretion

  • Teacher Discretion: The interpretation of grade criteria can vary significantly from teacher to teacher. While the grading scale provides a general framework, individual educators may place varying emphasis on different aspects of student performance, such as creativity, effort, or improvement over time.
  • Subjective Elements: Especially in subjects that involve subjective judgment, such as art or literature, grading can vary more widely. Teachers are encouraged to be transparent about their grading criteria and to provide constructive feedback to help students understand their grades.

Handling of Failing Grades

  • Remedial Measures: Students receiving a grade of 5 (Fail) are typically given opportunities to improve their understanding of the subject matter. This may include retaking exams, completing additional assignments, or attending supplementary classes.
  • Impact on Progression: Repeated failing grades in one or more subjects can affect a student’s ability to progress to the next grade level or graduate. Schools usually have policies in place to support students at risk of failing, including tutoring, counseling, and parental involvement.

Special grading considerations highlight the importance of communication between students, parents, and educators. By understanding the specifics of grading practices and expectations, all parties can work together to ensure that grades accurately reflect student learning and achievement.


What does a grade of 1 mean in the Czech Republic?
A grade of 1 represents “Excellent” performance, indicating a deep understanding and mastery over the subject matter, with the student demonstrating the ability to apply knowledge in complex situations and possibly exceeding the standard requirements.

Can students improve a failing grade in the Czech Republic?
Yes, students who receive a failing grade (5) have various opportunities to improve their grade. This can involve retaking exams, completing additional coursework, or participating in extra classes designed to help the student meet the necessary standards.

How do Czech grades compare to the US grading system?
A Czech grade of 1 (Excellent) is roughly equivalent to an A in the US grading system. The scale continues down to a grade of 5 (Fail), which corresponds to an F in the US system. These comparisons provide a general guideline but may vary based on specific institutional policies.

Are there ‘+’ and ‘-‘ modifiers in the Czech grading system?
Officially, the Czech grading system does not include ‘+’ or ‘-‘ modifiers. However, some teachers or schools might use them informally to indicate performances that are on the borderline between two grades.

Do grading standards vary between high schools and universities in the Czech Republic?
While the grading scale remains consistent from high schools to universities, the criteria for achieving certain grades can be stricter at the university level. Higher education institutions may demand a deeper understanding and more rigorous application of knowledge.

How are grades assigned in subjects with subjective criteria?
In subjects that involve more subjective assessments, such as art or literature, grades are determined by each teacher’s set of criteria, which should be communicated to students. Teachers are encouraged to provide detailed feedback to help students understand their grades.

These FAQs offer a glimpse into the grading system of the Czech Republic, providing valuable insights for students, parents, and educators navigating the educational landscape.

Additional Resources

For those interested in exploring the Czech Republic’s grading system in more depth, several official and educational resources can provide detailed information and support:

  1. Czech Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MŠMT): The official government website offers comprehensive guides on the Czech educational system, including grading scales, policies, and reforms. Visit for detailed information and policy documents.
  2. Study in Czech Republic: This portal provides resources for international students, including explanations of the Czech grading system, tips on academic success, and guidance on navigating Czech higher education. Check out for more details.
  3. Czech National Agency for International Education (DZS): DZS offers insights into educational opportunities in the Czech Republic, including scholarship programs, exchange opportunities, and educational standards. Their website is
  4. Erasmus+ National Agency in Czech Republic: For students participating in Erasmus+ programs, this site provides information on academic recognition, including grading equivalencies and conversion guides. Visit for resources specific to exchange students.

These resources can be invaluable for students, educators, and academic administrators seeking to understand or navigate the Czech educational landscape. They offer a wealth of information on grading practices, educational policies, and international academic cooperation.