Croatia Grading System

High School Grade Scale

The Croatian grading system for secondary education (high schools) is based on a scale of 1 to 5, with 1 being the lowest and 5 being the highest grade. This scale is used to evaluate students’ performance, with certain schools also applying variations like ‘+’ and ‘-‘ to provide more nuanced feedback. Here’s a detailed table showing the Croatian grades, comparable English terms, equivalent percentage ranges, and GPA (Grade Point Average) for a clearer understanding:

Croatia GradeTerm in EnglishPercentage RangeGPA
5Excellent (Odličan)90% – 100%4.0
4Very Good (Vrlo dobar)80%89%3.0
3Good (Dobar)70%79%2.0
2Sufficient (Dovoljan)60%69%1.0
1Insufficient (Nedovoljan)Below 60%0

This grading system provides a straightforward way for teachers to assess and communicate students’ achievements and areas needing improvement.

College Grade Scale

At the college or university level in Croatia, the grading system remains consistent with the high school system, facilitating a seamless transition for students from secondary to tertiary education. However, there’s a greater emphasis on detailed evaluations, with some institutions applying more granular scales or additional assessments for comprehensive understanding. The table below mirrors the high school grading scale, yet it’s worth noting that higher education institutions might include more specific criteria for each grade:

Croatia GradeTerm in EnglishPercentage RangeGPA
5Excellent (Odličan)90% – 100%4.0
4Very Good (Vrlo dobar)80% – 89%3.0
3Good (Dobar)70% – 79%2.0
2Sufficient (Dovoljan)60% – 69%1.0
1Insufficient (Nedovoljan)Below 60%0

Colleges and universities may also use plus (+) and minus (-) to further differentiate students’ performances within these grades, although this is not standardized across all institutions.

In both high school and college systems, the focus is on providing students with feedback that encourages improvement and excellence in their academic and professional pursuits.

Understanding Grades in Croatia

Grades in the Croatian education system are not just numbers but indicators of a student’s comprehension, effort, and mastery of the subject matter. Each grade has a specific meaning, reflecting the level of achievement a student has reached. Let’s dive into the significance of each grade level:

5 – Excellent (Odličan) 😃

The grade of 5, or “Excellent,” is the highest grade a student can achieve. It signifies outstanding performance and a deep understanding of the subject material. Students who earn this grade have demonstrated mastery over the course content, going above and beyond the basic requirements. It is indicative of a strong work ethic, exceptional skills, and often, creative application of knowledge.

4 – Very Good (Vrlo dobar) 👍

A grade of 4, translating to “Very Good,” reflects a high level of comprehension and capability in the subject area. Students receiving this grade have shown a solid understanding of the material and the ability to apply it effectively. While there may be room for improvement in some areas, the overall performance is commendable and above average.

3 – Good (Dobar) 🙂

Receiving a 3, or “Good,” means that a student has a satisfactory grasp of the subject matter. It indicates that the student has met the basic requirements and objectives of the course, demonstrating an adequate understanding and application of the core concepts. There might be some inconsistencies or areas needing reinforcement, but the foundation is solid.

2 – Sufficient (Dovoljan) 🤔

A grade of 2, or “Sufficient,” is the minimum passing grade, indicating that the student has achieved the bare minimum requirements to progress. This grade points to a basic understanding of the subject, but also highlights significant gaps in knowledge or skills. It serves as a signal for the student to dedicate more effort and attention to the subject.

1 – Insufficient (Nedovoljan) 😞

The grade of 1, “Insufficient,” is the lowest grade and represents a failure to meet the course requirements. This grade indicates a lack of understanding of the fundamental concepts and an inability to apply the subject matter. It requires the student to retake the course or seek additional help to address the deficiencies in their knowledge or skills.

Understanding these grades is crucial for students, parents, and educators alike, as it provides a clear framework for academic expectations and achievements. It encourages students to strive for excellence while also identifying areas where they may need to invest more effort or seek further guidance.

Croatia Grade Comparison

Comparing the Croatian grading system to those of other countries can offer valuable insights for international students, educators, and academic institutions. It helps in understanding the equivalency of grades across different educational systems. Below is a table that compares the Croatian grading scale with the grading systems used in the United States, the United Kingdom, India, Australia, Canada, and China. This comparison is based on the general equivalence of grades, acknowledging that variations can occur due to different assessment criteria and academic cultures.

High School and University Grade Comparison

Croatia (1-5)United States (GPA/Grade)United Kingdom (Classification)India (Percentage)Australia (Grade)Canada (Grade)China (Percentage)
5 (Excellent)A (4.0)First-class Honours (1st)75-100%High Distinction (HD)A (80-100%)85-100%
4 (Very Good)B (3.0)Upper Second-class Honours (2:1)60-74%Distinction (D)B (70-79%)75-84%
3 (Good)C (2.0)Lower Second-class Honours (2:2)50-59%Credit (C)C (60-69%)65-74%
2 (Sufficient)D (1.0)Third-class Honours (3rd)40-49%Pass (P)D (50-59%)60-64%
1 (Insufficient)F (0)FailBelow 40%Fail (F)F (Below 50%)Below 60%

This table is a simplified guide to help understand how grades translate across systems. It’s important to note that the conversion can vary significantly depending on the specific policies of each educational institution or country. For example:

  • United States: The GPA system ranges from 0 to 4.0, with letter grades assigned to specific ranges of scores.
  • United Kingdom: Degrees are classified into categories such as First-class, Upper Second-class (2:1), Lower Second-class (2:2), and Third-class Honours.
  • India: Grading is typically based on percentage marks, with a distinction at 75% and above.
  • Australia: Uses a range of grades from High Distinction to Fail.
  • Canada: Similar to the United States with some variations in percentage ranges.
  • China: Primarily uses a percentage system, with grades often translated into a 5-point scale for international purposes.

When interpreting grades across systems, it’s crucial to consider the context and criteria of assessment, as well as the academic and cultural differences that influence grading practices.

Special Grading Considerations

The Croatian grading system, while standardized at a national level, can exhibit variations across different states, schools, and types of educational institutions. These differences are often reflective of distinct educational philosophies, teaching methodologies, and assessment criteria. Understanding these variations is essential for a comprehensive grasp of the Croatian educational landscape.

Variations Across States and School Types

In Croatia, the core grading scale from 1 to 5 remains consistent across the country. However, the interpretation of these grades can slightly vary, especially in terms of the rigor of assessment and the criteria used by different teachers or schools. For instance:

  • Vocational vs. General Education: Vocational schools might emphasize practical skills and competencies, affecting the weight and interpretation of certain grades compared to general education schools, which might focus more on theoretical knowledge.
  • Private vs. Public Schools: Private schools may adopt different internal standards for grading, potentially leading to stricter or more lenient assessments compared to public schools.

Teacher Discretion

Teachers in Croatia, as in many countries, have a degree of discretion in assessing students’ performance. This can lead to variations in grading practices even within the same school. Teachers might consider effort, improvement, and participation as factors in their final grading decisions, especially in subjects that are more subjective or require active participation.

Handling Failing Grades

Failing grades in Croatia are taken seriously, with a focus on supporting students to overcome their difficulties. Schools may offer additional tutoring, remedial classes, or the opportunity to retake exams. The approach to failing grades is not just punitive; it aims to identify and address the underlying issues affecting the student’s performance. The goal is to ensure that all students achieve a sufficient understanding of the curriculum.

  • Retaking Exams: Students receiving a grade of 1 (Insufficient) in critical subjects may need to retake exams or complete additional assignments to prove their competency and improve their grade.
  • Continuous Assessment: In some cases, continuous assessment throughout the year can help mitigate the impact of a failing grade, allowing students multiple opportunities to demonstrate their knowledge and skills.

The Croatian grading system provides a framework for evaluating student achievement but is flexible enough to accommodate the diverse needs of students, teachers, and educational institutions. Understanding these special grading considerations is crucial for navigating the educational system, whether you’re a student, parent, or educator. The ultimate aim is to foster a supportive and inclusive environment that encourages learning and improvement for all students.


Below are some frequently asked questions about the Croatia grading system and scale, designed to provide quick and helpful insights into how grading works in Croatia.

Q: What is the passing grade in Croatian schools?
A: The minimum passing grade in Croatian schools is 2, termed as “Sufficient” (Dovoljan). This indicates that the student has met the basic requirements to progress to the next level or course.

Q: Can students improve their grades if they are not satisfied?
A: Yes, students have opportunities to improve their grades through additional assignments, retaking exams, or participating in extra classes or tutoring. The specific options available may vary by school and teacher.

Q: How do Croatian grades translate to the American GPA system?
A: Croatian grades can be roughly translated to the American GPA system as follows: a grade of 5 is equivalent to an A (4.0 GPA), 4 to a B (3.0 GPA), 3 to a C (2.0 GPA), 2 to a D (1.0 GPA), and 1 to an F (0 GPA). However, it’s important to note that this is a general guide and specific conversions may vary.

Q: Are there differences in grading between different subjects?
A: While the grading scale remains the same across subjects, the criteria for assessing grades can differ depending on the nature of the subject (e.g., theoretical vs. practical subjects). Teachers have some discretion in how they assess performance, which can lead to slight variations in grading practices.

Q: How is academic performance evaluated in higher education institutions in Croatia?
A: Academic performance in Croatian higher education institutions is evaluated using the same 1-5 grading scale as in secondary education. However, universities and colleges may apply more stringent criteria for higher grades and often require a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter, as well as the application of knowledge in practical or research contexts.

Q: What happens if a student receives a failing grade in Croatia?
A: If a student receives a grade of 1 (Insufficient), they may need to retake the course or examination, or complete additional assignments to improve their grade. Schools often provide support such as tutoring or remedial classes to help students address their learning gaps.

These FAQs cover some of the most common inquiries regarding the Croatian grading system. Understanding these aspects can help navigate the educational landscape more effectively.

Additional Resources

For those looking to dive deeper into the nuances of the Croatian educational system, especially regarding grading, several official and helpful websites can serve as authoritative resources. Here’s a list of some of these resources, including what kind of information you can expect to find on each site:

  • Ministry of Science and Education of the Republic of Croatia ( This is the official government website where you can find detailed policies on education, including the national curriculum, grading standards, and educational reforms. It’s an essential resource for understanding the official guidelines that govern the Croatian educational system.
  • Agency for Vocational Education and Training and Adult Education ( This site focuses on vocational and adult education in Croatia, providing insights into the grading criteria and qualifications specific to vocational training and adult learning programs.
  • Croatian Academic and Research Network – CARNet ( CARNet provides digital technology resources and support for educational institutions. While not directly related to grading, it offers access to educational tools and e-learning platforms that can complement traditional grading methods.
  • National Centre for External Evaluation of Education (NCEEE) ( The NCEEE website offers information on external assessments, including state matura exams for high school students. These assessments are crucial for university admissions and are a significant component of a student’s academic record.
  • University of Zagreb ( As the largest Croatian university, its website provides insights into higher education grading practices, examination policies, and academic standards at the university level.
  • European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) Information Package (available on university websites): For students interested in how Croatian grades convert to the ECTS system for studying abroad or in understanding the equivalency of foreign grades in Croatia, this resource is invaluable.

Each of these sites can provide students, parents, and educators with a wealth of information about the Croatian grading system, educational policies, and resources to support academic achievement. Whether you’re looking for the specifics of grading practices, educational standards, or support resources, these official sites are a great starting point.