Cambodia Grading System

High School Grade Scale

The grading system in Cambodian high schools is designed to provide a clear framework for evaluating student performance. Below is a table that outlines the main grade scales used, along with comparable English terms and the equivalent percentage range and GPA. It’s important to note that some schools may use variations like ‘+’ and ‘-‘ to further differentiate performance within these categories.

Cambodia GradesComparable English TermsPercentage RangeGPA
BVery Good80-89%3.0
FFailBelow 50%0.0

College Grade Scale

At the college or university level in Cambodia, the grading scale becomes slightly more nuanced to accommodate the increased academic rigor. The table below provides an overview of this grading scale, including the use of ‘+’ and ‘-‘ variations within certain institutions to offer a more granular assessment of student achievement.

Cambodia GradesComparable English TermsPercentage RangeGPA
A-Excellent –90-92%3.7
B+Very Good +87-89%3.3
BVery Good83-86%3.0
B-Very Good –80-82%2.7
C+Good +77-79%2.3
C-Good –70-72%1.7
D+Fair +67-69%1.3
D-Fair –60-62%0.7
FFailBelow 60%0.0

Remember, these grades are not just letters or numbers; they are indicative of the hard work, understanding, and mastery of course material by students. Schools and universities may have specific criteria for assigning these grades, so it’s always a good idea to consult your institution’s grading policy for the most accurate information. 📘🎓

Understanding Grades in Cambodia

Grades are a crucial aspect of the educational system, providing insights into a student’s understanding, achievement, and areas that may require improvement. Let’s dive into the meaning behind each grade level within the Cambodian grading system, shedding light on what they signify for students at both high school and college levels.

A: Excellent 🌟

  • Symbolizes: Mastery of subject matter, with outstanding performance demonstrating a deep understanding and ability to apply concepts proficiently.
  • Expectation: The student exhibits superior problem-solving skills, critical thinking, and the ability to integrate knowledge across different domains.

B: Very Good 📚

  • Symbolizes: Above-average understanding and application of course material, with strong performance in most areas.
  • Expectation: The student shows reliable comprehension and the capacity to apply concepts correctly, though with minor mistakes or areas for improvement.

C: Good 👍

  • Symbolizes: A solid grasp of the subject matter, meeting the basic learning objectives with satisfactory performance.
  • Expectation: The student understands fundamental concepts and can apply them in familiar contexts, though may struggle with more complex or nuanced aspects.

D: Fair ✅

  • Symbolizes: A basic understanding of the subject, with performance meeting the minimum criteria for passing but showing significant room for improvement.
  • Expectation: The student demonstrates a foundational knowledge but often faces difficulties in applying concepts accurately or effectively.

E: Poor 🆗

  • Symbolizes (When applicable): Performance that falls short of the minimum standards for passing, indicating a need for substantial improvement and additional learning support.
  • Expectation: The student has limited understanding of the material, showing major gaps in knowledge and application skills.

F: Fail ❌

  • Symbolizes: Inadequate understanding of the subject matter, failing to meet the basic learning objectives of the course.
  • Expectation: The student is unable to demonstrate fundamental knowledge or apply the course material in any meaningful way, necessitating retake or significant remedial work.

Understanding these grades and what they represent can help students and parents navigate the academic expectations and identify areas where additional effort or support may be needed. Whether striving for excellence or working to improve areas of weakness, recognizing the meaning behind each grade is a step toward achieving educational goals. Remember, grades are not just a reflection of what you’ve learned; they’re also a tool for growth and improvement. 🌱💡

Cambodia Grade Comparison

Comparing educational grading systems across different countries can be complex due to the diverse criteria and scales used. However, this comparison aims to provide a general understanding of how Cambodian grades translate into the grading systems of other countries, including the US, UK, India, Australia, Canada, and China. This should offer students, educators, and parents a frame of reference when evaluating academic performance or planning studies abroad.

High School Grade Comparison

Cambodia GradeUS GradeUK Grade (GCSE)India GradeAustralia GradeCanada GradeChina Grade
AA9-8 (A*)91-100%AAA (90-100%)
BB7-6 (A-B)81-90%BBB (80-89%)
CC5-4 (C)71-80%CCC (70-79%)
DD3-2 (D-E)61-70%DDD (60-69%)
EF1 (F)51-60%EFE (50-59%)
FFU (Ungraded)Below 50%FFF (Below 50%)

College Grade Comparison

Cambodia GradeUS GPAUK Grade (Degree)India PercentageAustralia GradeCanada GPAChina Grade
A+4.0+First-Class Honours91-100%High Distinction4.0+A+ (90-100%)
A4.0Upper Second-Class Honours (2:1)81-90%Distinction4.0A (85-89%)
B+3.3Lower Second-Class Honours (2:2)71-80%Credit3.3B+ (80-84%)
B3.0Third-Class Honours61-70%Pass3.0B (75-79%)
C+2.351-60%Pass2.3C+ (70-74%)
C2.041-50%Pass2.0C (65-69%)
D+1.31.3D+ (60-64%)
F0.0FailBelow 40%Fail0.0F (Below 60%)

This table provides a rough guide for comparing grades; however, it’s crucial to recognize that grading standards and expectations can vary significantly between different educational systems and institutions. For precise equivalencies, especially for college admissions or credit transfer, consulting with the relevant academic or admissions office is recommended. Understanding these comparisons can be particularly helpful for students planning to study abroad or for international students studying in Cambodia. 🌍🎓

Special Grading Considerations

The Cambodian educational system, like any other, has its unique aspects and variations across different states and types of schools. These differences can influence grading practices, the interpretation of grades, and how students’ performance is assessed. Understanding these nuances is essential for students, parents, and educators alike.

Variations Across States and School Types

In Cambodia, educational policies and practices can vary somewhat from one region to another and between public and private institutions. For example, urban schools, particularly those in major cities like Phnom Penh, may have access to more resources and thus might implement a slightly more rigorous grading system compared to rural schools. Private schools, on the other hand, often follow international curriculums (such as the American or British systems) and may adopt different grading scales to align with those standards.

Grading Practices and Teacher Discretion

Teachers in Cambodia, as elsewhere, have a degree of discretion in their grading practices. This discretion allows for the consideration of effort, participation, improvement, and other qualitative factors alongside exam performance and homework completion. Consequently, two students with similar test scores might receive different grades based on these additional factors, reflecting a more holistic view of student performance.

Handling of Failing Grades

Failing grades are treated with seriousness in the Cambodian education system, as they indicate that a student has not met the minimum requirements to progress in their studies. Schools may offer remedial classes, additional tutoring, or the opportunity to retake exams to help students improve their grades. The approach to failing grades aims to provide students with the support they need to succeed, rather than being purely punitive.

Considerations for International Curriculums

For Cambodian students studying under international curriculums or those enrolled in international schools within the country, grading practices may differ significantly from the national standard. These schools often use the grading scale of the curriculum they follow, whether it’s the International Baccalaureate (IB), the British GCSEs and A-Levels, or the American AP system. Students and parents should familiarize themselves with these different scales to understand how grades are awarded and interpreted.

Understanding these special grading considerations highlights the importance of context in educational achievement. It underscores the need for clear communication between educators and students, as well as the need for supportive measures to help all students achieve their potential. By acknowledging and addressing these variations, the Cambodian educational system works to ensure that every student has the opportunity to succeed. 📚🌈


Below are some frequently asked questions about the Cambodian grading system and scale, designed to provide quick and clear answers to common queries. These FAQs aim to demystify aspects of the grading process and help students, parents, and educators navigate the educational landscape in Cambodia more effectively.

Q: What is the highest grade in the Cambodian grading system?
A: The highest grade in the Cambodian system is A or A+, depending on the level of education. For high school, A (90-100%) is typically the highest, while at the university level, A+ (97-100%) can be awarded for exceptional performance.

Q: How is GPA calculated in Cambodian schools?
A: GPA (Grade Point Average) in Cambodia is calculated by assigning a point value to each grade (e.g., A=4, B=3, C=2, D=1, F=0), multiplying each course grade by the number of credit hours the course is worth, summing these values, and then dividing by the total number of credit hours taken.

Q: Can students improve their grades if they perform poorly on an exam?
A: Yes, many schools offer options for students to improve their grades, such as retaking exams, completing extra assignments, or participating in additional tutoring sessions.

Q: Are there significant differences between grading in public and private schools?
A: Yes, private schools, especially those offering international curriculums, may have different grading scales and expectations. Public schools follow the national Cambodian grading system, while private schools might align with other international standards.

Q: How do Cambodian grades translate to other countries’ grading systems?
A: Cambodian grades can be roughly compared to other countries’ systems, but exact equivalencies can vary. Generally, an A in Cambodia is equivalent to an A in the US, a 9-8 (A*) in the UK’s GCSE, and similar top grades in other countries’ systems.

Q: What happens if a student receives a failing grade?
A: Students receiving a failing grade (F) may need to retake the course or complete additional work to pass. Schools typically provide options for recovery to help students meet the necessary academic standards.

These FAQs offer a starting point for understanding the Cambodian grading system. For more specific or detailed questions, consulting with educational institutions directly is always the best approach. 📖💡

Additional Resources

For those seeking more in-depth information about the Cambodian grading system, or looking to understand specific policies and practices within Cambodian education, here are some valuable resources. These websites offer official insights, detailed guidelines, and further reading on the educational standards in Cambodia. While direct links to .edu or .gov websites in Cambodia may be limited, these resources can serve as a starting point for comprehensive information.

  • Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport (MOEYS): The official website of Cambodia’s Ministry of Education provides extensive information on the national education policy, including grading standards, curriculum details, and examination regulations. It’s an essential resource for understanding the educational framework in Cambodia.
  • Cambodian Higher Education Association (CHEA): This association’s website offers insights into higher education standards, including grading practices at the university level. While more focused on higher education, it’s a valuable resource for students and educators alike.
  • Educational NGO Websites: Various NGOs operating in Cambodia, focusing on education, often provide detailed reports and analyses of the Cambodian education system. These can offer a different perspective and additional insights into grading practices and educational outcomes.
  • International Education Boards: For students in international schools or programs (such as IB, A-Levels, or AP), the respective program websites can provide grading equivalencies and explain how Cambodian grades might translate into their specific system.

When seeking information, always ensure that the resources are current and reflect the latest educational policies and practices. Education systems can evolve, and staying informed through official and reputable sources is crucial for accurate understanding and planning. 🌍📚