Bulgaria Grading System

High School Grade Scale

The Bulgarian grading system for high secondary education (commonly referred to as high school) is relatively straightforward and is based on a scale from 2 to 6, with 6 being the highest grade. This system is utilized to evaluate students’ performance throughout their high school education. Here’s a closer look at the grading scale, along with a comparison to English terms and an equivalent percentage range and GPA for a clearer understanding:

Bulgaria GradesTerms in EnglishEquivalent Percentage RangeEquivalent GPA
5Very Good75-91%3.0 – 3.9
4Good58-74%2.0 – 2.9
3Satisfactory40-57%1.0 – 1.9
2PoorBelow 40%0.0

In some schools, variations such as ‘+’ (plus) and ‘-‘ (minus) are added to grades to provide a more nuanced assessment of students’ performance. However, these are not universally applied and can vary from school to school.

College Grade Scale

At the college or university level in Bulgaria, the grading system is similar to that of high schools but is tailored to reflect the more advanced level of study. This scale is also from 2 to 6, with detailed descriptors and percentage ranges that align with higher education standards:

Bulgaria GradesTerms in EnglishEquivalent Percentage RangeEquivalent GPA
5Very Good80-89%3.0 – 3.9
4Good70-79%2.0 – 2.9
3Satisfactory60-69%1.0 – 1.9
2PoorBelow 60%0.0

The use of ‘+’ and ‘-‘ alongside grades is less common at the university level but can be implemented by individual professors or departments to fine-tune grading. Additionally, some universities may adopt a more detailed grading scale or use the ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) grading scale for international comparison.

Stay tuned for a deeper dive into what each grade signifies and how it translates into students’ performance and capabilities! πŸ“š

Understanding Grades in Bulgaria

Grades in Bulgaria are not just numbers on a paper; they reflect a student’s understanding, proficiency, and performance in a subject. Let’s break down what each grade signifies:

🌟 6 – Excellent

Achieving a grade of 6, or “Excellent,” indicates that a student has demonstrated outstanding knowledge and skills in the subject area. This grade signifies a deep understanding of the material, the ability to apply knowledge in practical situations, and exceptional analytical and problem-solving skills. Students who earn this grade are often those who go above and beyond, showing creativity and originality in their work.

πŸŽ“ 5 – Very Good

A grade of 5, or “Very Good,” is awarded to students who have a strong grasp of the subject matter. These students have shown proficiency in understanding the core concepts and can apply their knowledge effectively. While there may be minor areas for improvement, overall, their performance is commendable and indicates a high level of competence.

πŸ‘ 4 – Good

The “Good” grade reflects a satisfactory level of understanding and ability in the subject. Students receiving a 4 have a solid grasp of the foundational elements of the course material and can apply their knowledge in familiar contexts. However, they might struggle with more complex problems or advanced applications. This grade suggests that while the student is on the right track, there’s room for further development and deeper understanding.

βœ”οΈ 3 – Satisfactory

A “Satisfactory” grade indicates a basic understanding of the subject matter. Students with a grade of 3 have met the minimum requirements but may have significant gaps in their knowledge or skills. They can handle simple tasks and understand fundamental concepts but might struggle with more detailed or complex aspects of the curriculum.

❗2 – Poor

Receiving a “Poor” grade is a clear indicator that the student has not met the required standards. This grade points to a lack of understanding of the basic concepts and significant difficulties in applying knowledge. It suggests that the student needs to devote more time and effort to studying the subject or may require additional support to grasp the course material.

Understanding these grades is crucial for students, parents, and educators alike, as they provide insight into the student’s academic journey, strengths, and areas that need improvement. Stay tuned for more insights into the Bulgarian grading system, including comparisons with other countries and special grading considerations!

Bulgaria Grade Comparison

This section provides a comparative look at how Bulgarian grades align with grading systems in other countries, such as the US, UK, India, Australia, and Canada. Understanding these comparisons can be particularly useful for students considering international study or for educational institutions evaluating foreign credentials.

High School Grade Comparison

Bulgaria GradeUS GradeUK Grade (GCSE)India GradeAustralia GradeCanada GradeChina Grade
6 (Excellent)AA*91-100%A+AA (90-100%)
5 (Very Good)BA-B61-90%A-BBB (80-89%)
4 (Good)CC51-60%CCC (70-79%)
3 (Satisfactory)DD41-50%DDD (60-69%)
2 (Poor)FFBelow 40%FFF (Below 60%)

College Grade Comparison

Bulgaria GradeUS GPAUK Grade (Degree)India GradeAustralia GradeCanada GPAChina Grade
6 (Excellent)4.0First-Class Honours91-100%High Distinction4.0A (85-100%)
5 (Very Good)3.0-3.9Upper Second-Class Honours (2:1)75-90%Distinction3.0-3.9B+ (75-84%)
4 (Good)2.0-2.9Lower Second-Class Honours (2:2)60-74%Credit2.0-2.9B (65-74%)
3 (Satisfactory)1.0-1.9Third-Class Honours50-59%Pass1.0-1.9C+ (60-64%)
2 (Poor)0.0FailBelow 50%Fail0.0F (Below 60%)

This table offers a broad comparison, aiming to provide a general sense of how grades translate across different educational systems. It’s important to note that grading practices can vary significantly between institutions within the same country, especially at the college or university level. For precise equivalences, especially for purposes like university admission or job applications, it’s advisable to consult an educational credentials evaluation service.

Stay tuned for more insights into special grading considerations within Bulgaria, including variations across different regions and types of schools!

Special Grading Considerations

In Bulgaria, as in many countries, the application and interpretation of grades can vary significantly across different regions, schools, and even among individual teachers. These variations can impact how grades are perceived and should be considered by students, parents, and educators alike.

Variations Across Regions and Schools

While the national grading scale provides a framework for assessing student performance, schools and regions may have their own specific guidelines that influence grading practices. For instance:

  • Urban vs. Rural: Schools in urban areas might have access to more resources and potentially adopt a more rigorous grading standard, while rural schools might apply the national grading scale more leniently due to differences in educational access and resources.
  • Specialized Schools: Specialized high schools focusing on science, arts, or languages might have different expectations and grading scales for their specialized subjects. For example, a language school might grade languages more strictly than a general high school.

Teacher Discretion

Teachers in Bulgaria, as elsewhere, have a degree of discretion in how they apply the grading scale to student work. This can lead to variations in grading practices such as:

  • Subjectivity in Assessments: Especially in subjects like the arts or literature, where assessment can be more subjective, teachers’ personal standards and expectations can significantly influence grades.
  • Plus and Minus Grades: Some teachers may use ‘+’ or ‘-‘ to provide more nuanced feedback on student performance, even if these aren’t officially recognized in the final grade reporting.

Handling of Failing Grades

Failing grades are a critical area where special considerations apply:

  • Remedial Support: Students receiving a grade of 2 (“Poor”) are often provided with additional support, such as tutoring or extra assignments, to help them reach the minimum competency level.
  • Retake Opportunities: In many cases, students can retake exams or complete additional work to improve a failing grade. This policy aims to give students a second chance to demonstrate their understanding of the material.

Impact on Advancement and Opportunities

  • High School to University Transition: High school grades play a significant role in university admissions. Specialized programs may look more closely at grades in relevant subjects, and variations in grading practices can impact students’ competitiveness.
  • Scholarships and Awards: For scholarships and awards, how failing grades were addressed and improved upon can sometimes be as important as achieving high grades.

Understanding these special grading considerations is essential for navigating the Bulgarian educational system effectively. It underscores the importance of communication between students, parents, and educators to ensure that grading practices are transparent, fair, and supportive of student learning and achievement.

Stay tuned for FAQs about the Bulgarian grading system, which will address common questions and provide further insights into navigating this system.


Below are some frequently asked questions about the Bulgarian grading system to help clarify common inquiries and provide insights into navigating this system effectively.

Q: What does a grade of ‘6’ really mean for a student?

  • A: A grade of ‘6’ signifies excellence. It indicates that the student has demonstrated outstanding understanding and application of the subject matter, going above and beyond the basic requirements.

Q: Can students improve a failing grade?

  • A: Yes, students often have opportunities to improve failing grades through retake exams, additional assignments, or remedial courses designed to help them master the subject matter.

Q: How do Bulgarian grades translate for international universities?

  • A: Bulgarian grades can be translated into equivalent grades in other countries’ systems using conversion tables. However, for specific applications, it’s recommended to consult with the international university or an educational evaluation service for accurate conversion.

Q: Are there differences in grading between different types of schools?

  • A: Yes, grading can vary between general education schools, specialized schools, and vocational schools. Specialized and vocational schools may have specific grading criteria for their focus areas.

Q: How is student performance evaluated in subjects that are more subjective?

  • A: In subjects like art and literature, teachers may use rubrics that define specific criteria for evaluation, but there is still an element of subjectivity. Communication with teachers about their grading criteria can provide clearer expectations.

Q: What role do standardized tests play in the Bulgarian educational system?

  • A: Standardized tests, such as national assessments and university entrance exams, play a significant role in evaluating student knowledge and skills. These tests often use the national grading scale but are designed to provide a uniform measure of student achievement across the country.

Q: How can parents and students get clarification on grading decisions?

  • A: For clarity on specific grades or overall grading practices, parents and students are encouraged to communicate directly with teachers. Schools may also provide guidelines or hold meetings to explain their grading systems and standards.

Q: Does Bulgaria use the ECTS grading scale for higher education?

  • A: Some Bulgarian universities adopt the ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) grading scale, especially for programs with international students or those that facilitate student mobility within Europe.

These FAQs aim to provide a general overview and answer some of the most common questions regarding the Bulgarian grading system. For more specific inquiries, it’s always best to consult directly with educational institutions or relevant educational authorities.

Additional Resources

For those looking to dive deeper into the Bulgarian grading system or seeking official information, several resources can be particularly helpful. While specific .edu or .gov websites directly related to the Bulgarian educational system in English might be limited, here are some general suggestions for places to find reliable information:

  1. Ministry of Education and Science of Bulgaria: The official government website provides comprehensive information on the Bulgarian educational system, policies, and any recent updates or reforms. It’s a primary source for understanding how education is structured and governed in Bulgaria.
  2. Educational Information and Advice Centers (EIACs): These centers offer guidance on education in Bulgaria, including details on the grading system, school curriculums, and university admissions. They can be a valuable resource for both Bulgarian and international students.
  3. Bulgarian Council of Ministers: While not exclusively focused on education, the official site of the Bulgarian government can offer insights into national priorities, including education, and links to relevant ministries and departments.
  4. Academic Recognition Information Centre (NARIC): NARIC provides information on the recognition of Bulgarian grades and qualifications internationally, especially useful for students planning to study abroad or pursue international careers.
  5. European Commission – Education and Training: Though not solely focused on Bulgaria, this site offers information on European education systems, including the ECTS grading scale, which is relevant for students in Bulgarian higher education institutions participating in European exchange programs.
  6. EURYDICE: Provides detailed information on education systems and policies in Europe, including Bulgaria. It’s an excellent resource for comparative education studies and understanding how the Bulgarian system fits within the broader European context.

Each of these resources can offer insights, official information, and guidance related to the Bulgarian educational system, grading practices, and more. Whether you’re a student, parent, educator, or simply interested in education in Bulgaria, these websites are a good starting point for your research.