Bosnia & Herzegovina Grading System

High School Grade Scale

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the grading system for high secondary education (high schools) typically ranges from 5 to 1, with 5 being the highest grade and 1 the lowest. Here’s a detailed table to help you understand the grading scale:

Bosnia & Herzegovina GradeTerm in Bosnia & HerzegovinaComparable English TermEquivalent Percentage RangeEquivalent GPA
4Vrlo dobarVery Good80-89%3.0
1NedovoljanFailBelow 60%0

Note: Some schools may use ‘+’ and ‘-‘ to further differentiate grades within these categories, but this practice varies.

College Grade Scale

At the college or university level, Bosnia & Herzegovina also uses a similar grading scale, but with more emphasis on the ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) for international compatibility:

Bosnia & Herzegovina GradeTerm in Bosnia & HerzegovinaComparable English TermEquivalent Percentage RangeEquivalent GPA
9Vrlo dobar+Very Good +85-89%3.7
8Vrlo dobarVery Good80-84%3.3
7Dobar+Good +75-79%3.0
Below 5NedovoljanFailBelow 60%0

In both high school and college levels, the grade of ‘Nedovoljan’ or ‘Fail’ means that the student has not achieved the minimum required to pass and may need to retake exams or subjects.

This system is designed to provide a clear and comprehensive framework for evaluating student performance across various stages of education in Bosnia & Herzegovina. Stay tuned for more in-depth insights into what these grades mean and how they compare internationally!

Understanding Grades in Bosnia & Herzegovina

Grades in Bosnia & Herzegovina reflect a student’s comprehension and mastery of the subject matter. Let’s delve into what each grade signifies:

5 – Odličan (Excellent) 😄

  • Symbolizes: Exceptional understanding and application of knowledge. Students demonstrate a high level of critical thinking, creativity, and the ability to apply what they’ve learned in complex situations.
  • Implication: This grade indicates that the student has exceeded expectations, showcasing an exceptional grasp of the subject matter.

4 – Vrlo dobar (Very Good) 🙂

  • Symbolizes: Above-average understanding and application. Students with this grade have a strong grasp of the material, with minor areas for improvement.
  • Implication: It suggests that while the student has a solid understanding, there’s a slight gap from achieving excellence, possibly in finer nuances or advanced application of the knowledge.

3 – Dobar (Good) 🤔

  • Symbolizes: Adequate understanding with room for improvement. Students understand the basic concepts and can apply them but struggle with more complex ideas or details.
  • Implication: This grade points to a satisfactory performance, indicating a decent grasp of the subject that could be enhanced with further study.

2 – Dovoljan (Sufficient) 😕

  • Symbolizes: The minimum level of understanding required to pass. It shows a basic comprehension and ability to recall and apply information but indicates significant areas for improvement.
  • Implication: Students receiving this grade have met the minimum requirements but need to enhance their understanding and skills in the subject area.

1 – Nedovoljan (Fail) 😞

  • Symbolizes: Insufficient understanding of the subject. It indicates that the student has not met the required minimum standards of comprehension and application.
  • Implication: This grade means the student needs to significantly improve their understanding of the subject matter, often requiring additional instruction or retaking the course/exam.

Understanding these grades is crucial for students, parents, and educators alike, as they provide insight into academic performance and areas for improvement. Each grade serves as a stepping stone towards academic success, highlighting achievements and pinpointing areas that need more attention or a different approach to learning.

Bosnia & Herzegovina Grade Comparison

To provide a global perspective on how grades in Bosnia & Herzegovina align with those in other countries, let’s compare the Bosnian grading system with those of the US, UK, India, Australia, Canada, and China. This comparison will help understand the equivalence of grades across different educational systems.

High School Grade Comparison

Bosnia & Herzegovina GradeUS GradeUK Grade (GCSE)India Grade (CBSE, ICSE)Australia GradeCanada GradeChina Grade
5 (Odličan/Excellent)AA*/AA1/A2AAA (90-100%)
4 (Vrlo dobar/Very Good)BBB1/B2BBB (80-89%)
3 (Dobar/Good)CCC1/C2CCC (70-79%)
2 (Dovoljan/Sufficient)DDDDDD (60-69%)
1 (Nedovoljan/Fail)FFFailFFF (<60%)

College/University Grade Comparison

Bosnia & Herzegovina GradeUS GPAUK ClassIndia PercentageAustralia LevelCanada GPAChina Grade
10 (Izvrstan/Excellent)4.0First90-100%High Distinction4.0A (90-100%)
9-8 (Vrlo dobar/Very Good)3.3-3.7Upper Second (2:1)75-89%Distinction3.7-3.9A-/B+ (80-89%)
7-6 (Dobar/Good)2.7-3.0Lower Second (2:2)60-74%Credit2.7-3.3B (70-79%)
5 (Dovoljan/Sufficient)2.0Third50-59%Pass2.0C (60-69%)
Below 5 (Fail)0FailBelow 50%Fail0F (<60%)

This table provides a general comparison and should be used as a guideline. The exact equivalences can vary based on specific institutions and policies within each country. Understanding these comparisons is essential for students planning to study abroad or for educational institutions evaluating foreign transcripts.

Special Grading Considerations in Bosnia & Herzegovina

The grading system in Bosnia & Herzegovina, while standardized at a national level, can exhibit variations across different states, regions, and types of educational institutions. Understanding these nuances is crucial for a comprehensive grasp of the academic evaluation landscape within the country.

Variations Across States and School Types

  • Regional Differences: Bosnia & Herzegovina’s complex administrative structure means that educational policies, including grading practices, can vary slightly between the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska, and Brčko District. Each entity may implement additional guidelines that affect grading.
  • Type of Institution: Vocational and technical schools might apply grading scales differently, especially in practical subjects, to emphasize skill proficiency over theoretical knowledge.
  • Advanced Placement Classes: Some high schools offer advanced placement classes or programs with a different grading scale to reflect the increased difficulty level, potentially affecting GPA calculations.

Teacher Discretion

  • Grading Practices: Teachers in Bosnia & Herzegovina have some discretion in grading, particularly in subjects requiring subjective assessment (e.g., arts, literature). This can lead to variations in grading even within the same school, based on a teacher’s expectations and assessment standards.
  • Feedback and Improvement: Teachers may also consider a student’s progress and effort over the term. In cases where a student shows significant improvement, this might positively influence their final grade, reflecting their dedication and learning trajectory.

Handling of Failing Grades

  • Retake Opportunities: Students receiving a failing grade (‘Nedovoljan’) have the opportunity to retake exams or complete additional assignments to improve their grade. These policies aim to provide students with a fair chance to succeed and demonstrate their understanding.
  • Summer School: Some schools offer summer classes or remedial courses for students to cover failed subjects, allowing them to catch up and proceed to the next grade level without repeating an entire academic year.
  • Academic Support: Schools often provide tutoring services or extra help sessions for students struggling with specific subjects, emphasizing the educational system’s support for student success.

Special Considerations

  • Inclusivity and Adaptability: Educational institutions in Bosnia & Herzegovina are increasingly adapting their grading practices to accommodate students with different learning needs and backgrounds, ensuring a more inclusive and supportive learning environment.
  • Transparency and Communication: Schools strive to maintain transparency in their grading policies, with regular communication with parents and students about expectations, criteria, and any changes to grading practices.

Understanding these special grading considerations highlights the adaptability and student-focused approach of the Bosnian educational system. It also underscores the importance of context when interpreting grades and academic performance across different regions and types of schools.


Q: What does a grade of 5 mean in Bosnia & Herzegovina?
A: A grade of 5, termed as “Odličan” or Excellent, is the highest grade in the Bosnia & Herzegovina grading system, indicating exceptional understanding and mastery of the subject matter.

Q: Can students improve a failing grade in Bosnia & Herzegovina?
A: Yes, students who receive a failing grade, or “Nedovoljan,” have opportunities to retake exams or complete additional assignments to improve their grades. Schools may offer remedial courses or tutoring to assist in this process.

Q: How does the grading system in Bosnia & Herzegovina compare to the US?
A: The grading system in Bosnia & Herzegovina uses numerical grades from 5 (excellent) to 1 (fail), which can be roughly compared to the A to F scale in the US. A grade of 5 corresponds to an A, while a grade of 1 is equivalent to an F.

Q: Are there differences in grading scales between high schools and universities in Bosnia & Herzegovina?
A: Yes, while both high schools and universities in Bosnia & Herzegovina use a similar numerical grading scale, universities also align with the ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) for international compatibility, especially at higher education levels.

Q: Do grading practices vary across different regions or schools in Bosnia & Herzegovina?
A: Yes, grading practices can vary slightly between the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska, and Brčko District due to the country’s administrative structure. Additionally, teacher discretion and the type of educational institution (e.g., vocational vs. general education schools) can influence grading.

Q: What opportunities are there for students who excel in their studies in Bosnia & Herzegovina?
A: Students who consistently achieve high grades may qualify for scholarships, advanced placement classes, and other academic honors. Excellence in academics can also enhance their prospects for higher education and career opportunities, both domestically and internationally.

These FAQs provide a snapshot of the grading system in Bosnia & Herzegovina, offering insights into its operation and implications for students’ academic journeys.

Additional Resources

For students, parents, and educators seeking more detailed information on the grading system in Bosnia & Herzegovina, several official and educational websites can serve as valuable resources. Here are some recommended sites to explore:

  1. Ministry of Education and Science of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Provides official policies, guidelines, and updates on the educational system within the Federation. This site is a primary source for understanding educational standards and reforms.
  2. Ministry of Education and Culture of Republika Srpska: Offers insights into the education system, grading practices, and academic programs available in Republika Srpska. It’s an essential resource for students and educators in this entity.
  3. Agency for Pre-Primary, Primary, and Secondary Education (APOSO): Features comprehensive information on the curriculum, grading scales, and educational assessment standards across Bosnia & Herzegovina. APOSO is crucial for understanding national educational benchmarks.
  4. University of Sarajevo: As the largest and oldest university in Bosnia & Herzegovina, its official website provides details on higher education grading systems, academic programs, and student services, which can be helpful for prospective and current university students.
  5. University of Banja Luka: Offers information on academic policies, grading, and programs within Republika Srpska’s largest university. It’s a valuable resource for students interested in higher education opportunities in this region.

These websites are authoritative sources for accurate and up-to-date information on the educational landscape in Bosnia & Herzegovina. Whether you’re navigating the primary, secondary, or tertiary education systems, these resources can provide guidance, clarify policies, and help ensure academic success.