Belarus Grading System

High School Grade Scale

The Belarusian grading system for high secondary education (often referred to as high school in other contexts) is straightforward and follows a numerical scale that is easily comparable to other international grading systems. Here’s a breakdown of the grades:

Belarus GradesTerms in BelarusComparable English TermsEquivalent Percentage RangeEquivalent GPA
9Вельмі добраVery Good81-90%3.7
4 and belowНе задавальняеFail0-40%0.0

Note: Some schools may use “+” or “-” to further differentiate performance within these categories, indicating slightly better or worse performance, respectively.

College Grade Scale

At the college or university level, the grading scale becomes slightly more nuanced, reflecting the increased complexity and specialization of higher education courses. Here’s how the grades typically translate:

Belarus GradesTerms in BelarusComparable English TermsEquivalent Percentage RangeEquivalent GPA
9Вельмі добраVery Good81-90%3.7
5ПераходныBarely Pass/Fail41-50%1.0
4 and belowНе задавальняеFail0-40%0.0

Again, “+” and “-” grades might be utilized to provide a more precise evaluation of a student’s performance, but this practice can vary by institution.

These grading scales are a critical aspect of understanding academic performance in Belarus, as they reflect not only the achievement in terms of content mastery but also the effort and understanding displayed by the student throughout their education.

Understanding Grades in Belarus

Grades in Belarus are more than just numbers; they are a reflection of a student’s understanding, effort, and mastery of the subject matter. Let’s explore what each grade level signifies:

🌟 10 (Excellent)

A grade of 10 signifies exceptional performance, indicating that the student has not only mastered the subject material but also demonstrated the ability to apply knowledge in innovative ways. It’s akin to achieving a perfect score, showing a deep and comprehensive understanding of the course content.

📚 9 (Very Good)

Receiving a 9 suggests that the student has performed very well, understanding and applying the majority of the material accurately. This grade points to a high level of competence, with perhaps minor areas for improvement.

👍 8 (Good)

An 8 reflects a good grasp of the subject, with the student showing a solid understanding and application of the material. While there may be some mistakes, they are generally well-compensated by the student’s overall good performance.

😊 7 (Satisfactory)

A grade of 7 indicates satisfactory performance. The student understands the basic concepts and can apply them, but there may be significant room for improvement in depth, detail, and accuracy.

✅ 6 (Pass)

Securing a 6 means the student has met the minimum requirements to pass. The understanding of the subject is basic, and while the essential outcomes are achieved, there’s a clear need for further development and study.

❗5 (Fail)

A grade of 5 is a failing mark, suggesting that the student has not met the necessary standards. It indicates a significant lack of understanding or inability to apply the course material effectively.

🚫 4 and Below (Fail)

Grades of 4 and below are clear indicators of failing performance. These grades signal a substantial shortfall in understanding and application of the subject matter, requiring considerable improvement and possibly re-examination.

Understanding these grades is crucial for students, parents, and educators as they navigate the educational landscape in Belarus. They provide a clear framework for evaluating progress, identifying areas for improvement, and setting goals for future academic success.

Belarus Grade Comparison

Comparing the Belarusian grading system to those of other countries can help students, educators, and academic institutions understand how academic performance translates across different educational contexts. Here’s a table that offers a comparative view of Belarus grades alongside the grading systems of the US, UK, India, Australia, Canada, and China:

Belarus GradesUS GradesUK Grades (Letter)UK Grades (Percentage)India GradesAustralia GradesCanada GradesChina Grades
10AA*90-100%O (Outstanding)HD (High Distinction)A+A (90-100%)
9A-A80-89%A+D (Distinction)AA- (85-89%)
8B+B70-79%AC (Credit)B+B+ (80-84%)
7BC60-69%B+P (Pass)BB (75-79%)
6C+D50-59%BP- (Pass Conceded)C+C+ (70-74%)
5DE40-49%CF (Fail)CC (65-69%)
4 and belowFF0-39%F (Fail)F (Fail)FF (Below 65%)

This table highlights the approximate equivalences between grading systems, acknowledging that each system has its unique characteristics and criteria for evaluation. For instance:

  • US Grades: Typically range from A (excellent) to F (failing), with pluses and minuses to provide nuance.
  • UK Grades: Use both letters (A* being the highest, F the lowest) and percentage ranges for a more detailed breakdown.
  • India Grades: Incorporate a mix of letters and descriptive terms, with O as the highest achievement.
  • Australia Grades: Range from HD (High Distinction) to F (Fail), emphasizing the level of distinction achieved.
  • Canada Grades: Similar to the US but with slight variations in the percentage ranges associated with letter grades.
  • China Grades: Use a percentage-based system, with grades typically assigned as letters (A, B, C, F) indicating the range of achievement.

It’s important to recognize that direct comparisons might not fully capture the nuances of each system. For example, the depth of study, assessment methods, and academic culture can vary significantly between countries, influencing how grades are awarded and interpreted.

Special Grading Considerations

In Belarus, as in many countries, grading can vary across different states, schools, and types of educational institutions. These variations reflect diverse educational philosophies, curriculum emphases, and assessment methods. Understanding these nuances is crucial for a comprehensive grasp of the Belarusian educational system.

Variations Across States and School Types

In Belarus, the general grading scale remains consistent across the country, ensuring a unified standard of academic evaluation. However, individual schools and universities may apply the scale with slight differences, particularly in terms of grade inflation or deflation, and the use of ‘+’ and ‘-‘ modifiers to indicate the nuances of academic performance within a grade level.

Grading Practices and Teacher Discretion

Teachers in Belarus have a degree of discretion in how they award grades, influenced by their assessment of a student’s work, class participation, and improvement over time. This subjective element means that two teachers may grade similar work differently, reflecting their individual expectations and teaching objectives.

Handling of Failing Grades

Failing grades in Belarusian schools are taken seriously, with various mechanisms in place to support students in improving their performance. These may include additional tutoring, the opportunity to retake exams, or completing extra assignments to demonstrate understanding. The approach to failing grades emphasizes remediation and growth, aiming to bring students up to the required standard rather than punitive measures.

Academic Integrity and Effort

Belarus places a strong emphasis on academic integrity and effort. Grades are meant to reflect not only a student’s mastery of content but also their commitment to their studies. Cheating or plagiarism is dealt with strictly, impacting a student’s grade and academic record.

The Belarusian educational system is designed to be both rigorous and supportive, encouraging students to achieve their best while providing the means to help them when they struggle. Understanding these special grading considerations offers insight into the values underpinning education in Belarus, where academic achievement, integrity, and improvement are all highly valued.


What does a grade of 10 mean in the Belarus grading system?
A grade of 10 represents excellence, indicating that the student has demonstrated exceptional understanding and application of the subject matter, achieving near or full marks in their assessments.

How is the grading system in Belarus different from that in the US?
The Belarus grading system uses a numerical scale from 1 to 10, where 10 is the highest grade, indicating excellent performance, and grades below 5 are failing. In contrast, the US typically uses a letter grading system from A through F, with A as the highest performance and F indicating failure.

Can students improve their grades if they receive a failing mark?
Yes, students often have the opportunity to retake exams or complete additional assignments to improve their grades. The educational institutions in Belarus are generally focused on student improvement and mastery of the subject matter.

Are ‘+’ and ‘-‘ grades used in the Belarus grading system?
While the primary grading system in Belarus does not officially include ‘+’ or ‘-‘ signs, some schools and teachers may use them informally to provide a more nuanced assessment of a student’s performance within the standard grade categories.

How are grades awarded in Belarusian universities?
Grades at Belarusian universities are awarded based on a combination of factors, including exam results, coursework, class participation, and sometimes thesis or project work. Professors have discretion in determining the final grade, which reflects both the student’s academic performance and engagement with the course material.

Is the grading system in Belarus the same at all levels of education?
The grading scale (1 to 10) is consistent across different educational levels in Belarus, from primary schools to universities. However, the criteria for awarding grades can become more stringent at higher education levels, reflecting the increased complexity and specialization of the subjects studied.

How does academic integrity affect grading in Belarus?
Academic integrity is taken very seriously in Belarus. Cheating, plagiarism, or any form of dishonesty can lead to severe penalties, including failing grades, expulsion from the course, or other disciplinary actions. Grades are intended to reflect a student’s own work and understanding of the material.

Additional Resources

For those interested in exploring more about the Belarus grading system or seeking official information and guidelines, here are some valuable resources. Please note that accessing some of these resources may require knowledge of Russian or Belarusian, as they are the primary languages used in these documents.

  1. Ministry of Education of the Republic of Belarus (Министерство образования Республики Беларусь) – The official website provides comprehensive information on the educational standards, policies, and grading systems across all levels of education in Belarus. Website:
  2. National Institute of Education (Национальный институт образования) – This resource offers detailed curriculum guidelines, including assessment criteria and grading scales for primary, secondary, and higher education in Belarus. Website:
  3. Belarusian State University (Белорусский государственный университет) – As one of the leading universities in Belarus, their website provides insight into the grading practices at the tertiary level, including exam policies and grade requirements for different faculties. Website:
  4. “Education in Belarus” Portal (Портал “Образование в Беларуси”) – A comprehensive portal that offers news, articles, and resources on the educational system in Belarus, including examinations, grading, and study materials. Website:

These websites serve as official sources of information on the Belarusian educational system and grading scale. They can be incredibly useful for students, educators, and researchers interested in understanding the nuances of academic assessment in Belarus.