Albania Grading System

High School Grade Scale

The Albanian grading system for high secondary education (typically ages 16-19) is a numerical system, ranging from 4 to 10, where 10 is the highest grade and 4 is the lowest passing grade. Here’s how the grades translate into English terms, along with their equivalent percentage range and GPA for a clearer understanding:

Albania GradesComparable English TermsEquivalent Percentage RangeEquivalent GPA
9Very Good80-89%3.0 – 3.9
8Good70-79%2.0 – 2.9
7Satisfactory60-69%1.0 – 1.9
6Sufficient50-59%0.7 – 0.9
5Almost Sufficient40-49%0.0 – 0.6
<4FailBelow 30%0.0

In some high schools, grades may also have “+” or “-” to indicate the higher or lower end of a grade category, adding a layer of nuance to the grading scale.

College Grade Scale

At the college or university level in Albania, the grading system is similar but is often interpreted with more emphasis on the higher range for scholarly excellence:

Albania GradesComparable English TermsEquivalent Percentage RangeEquivalent GPA
9Very Good80-89%3.5 – 3.9
8Good70-79%2.5 – 3.4
7Satisfactory60-69%1.5 – 2.4
6Sufficient50-59%1.0 – 1.4
<6FailBelow 50%0.0

The college grading scale may be slightly more rigorous, with a higher standard for achieving the top grades. Variations exist across different universities and faculties, with some institutions adopting a more detailed scale including “+” and “-” distinctions or a different grading policy for graduate studies.

This grading scale provides a framework for evaluating student performance across Albania’s educational institutions, offering a standardized yet flexible approach to academic assessment.

Understanding Grades in Albania

Grades in the Albanian educational system are more than just numbers; they reflect a student’s comprehension, effort, and achievement in their studies. Let’s break down what each grade typically signifies:

🌟 10 – Excellent

A grade of 10 is the pinnacle of academic achievement, indicating exceptional understanding and mastery of the subject matter. Students who earn a 10 have not only met all the criteria for the course but have also demonstrated innovative thinking or exceptional skill in applying their knowledge. It’s akin to a perfect score, showcasing outstanding performance and dedication.

🎓 9 – Very Good

Receiving a 9 signifies a very high level of understanding and achievement. These students have a strong grasp of the material and can apply their knowledge effectively, with only minor areas for improvement. It reflects a high standard of work, with the student demonstrating thorough engagement with the subject.

👍 8 – Good

An 8 is a commendable grade, indicating a good understanding of the course material and the ability to apply knowledge competently. Students with this grade have shown solid performance and are well-prepared, though there might be some areas that could benefit from deeper exploration or refinement.

✔️ 7 – Satisfactory

Scoring a 7 means the student has a satisfactory grasp of the subject, meeting the basic requirements and showing an adequate understanding of the material. While there may be significant room for improvement, students with this grade have demonstrated a foundational knowledge and the skills needed to progress.

✅ 6 – Sufficient

A grade of 6 indicates that the student has met the minimum requirements to pass. It reflects a sufficient understanding of the subject matter, albeit with considerable gaps in knowledge or application. Students with this grade have shown basic competence but need to enhance their understanding and skills to excel.

😕 5 – Almost Sufficient

Receiving a 5 suggests that the student is on the verge of meeting the passing criteria but has not fully demonstrated the necessary understanding or skill level. This grade points to areas that need significant improvement for the student to achieve a passing score.

🆘 4 – Passing

A grade of 4 is the lowest passing mark, indicating that the student has barely met the minimum criteria for passing. It suggests a marginal understanding of the subject, with substantial room for improvement. Achieving this grade means the student has foundational knowledge but must work harder to advance their comprehension and skills.

❌ <4 – Fail

Grades below 4 are failing marks, indicating insufficient understanding of the material and failure to meet the course requirements. Students receiving these grades need additional study and support to reach a satisfactory level of academic achievement.

Understanding these grades and what they represent can help students identify their strengths and areas for improvement, guiding their academic journey towards success.

Albania Grade Comparison

Comparing Albania’s grading system to those of other countries can help provide a clearer understanding of how academic performance is measured internationally. Here’s a table that aligns the Albanian grading scale with those of the US, UK, India, Australia, Canada, and China for a global perspective:

Albania GradesUS GradesUK GradesIndia GradesAustralia GradesCanada GradesChina Grades
10AFirst-Class HonoursO (Outstanding)HD (High Distinction)A+A+
9A-Upper Second-Class HonoursA+D (Distinction)AA
8B+Lower Second-Class HonoursAC (Credit)BA-
7BThird-Class HonoursB+P (Pass)C+B+
6C+PassBP- (Pass Conceded)CB
<6F (Fail)FailC, F (Fail)F (Fail)F (Fail)C, F (Fail)

Notes on the Comparison:

  • United States (US): The US grading system often includes letter grades and GPAs. An A is typically considered excellent, while an F is failing.
  • United Kingdom (UK): The UK uses classifications for degrees, with First-Class Honours being the highest. Their grading system for secondary education (GCSEs and A-Levels) is somewhat different, involving letters and numbers.
  • India: India’s grading system varies by board but typically includes letter grades (A+, A, B+, etc.) and percentages. The grade ‘O’ is reserved for outstanding performance.
  • Australia: Australia’s grading system can vary between institutions but generally includes HD (High Distinction), D (Distinction), C (Credit), P (Pass), and F (Fail).
  • Canada: Similar to the US, Canada uses letter grades and percentages, with A+ being the highest and F the lowest.
  • China: China’s grading system typically uses letter grades, with A+ indicating exceptional performance and F for fail. The system can vary between institutions, especially in higher education.

This comparison illustrates the diversity in grading systems and academic standards across the globe, highlighting the unique approach each country takes to evaluate student performance.

Special Grading Considerations

The grading system in Albania, like in many countries, is subject to variations across different states, school types, and educational institutions. These variations reflect the diverse educational philosophies and the flexibility needed to cater to different student needs and subject matter complexities. Let’s explore some of these special considerations:

Variations Across States and School Types

  • Public vs. Private Institutions: Private schools and universities in Albania may adopt a more rigorous grading system or apply the standard grading scale differently, emphasizing a higher level of achievement for the same grades compared to public institutions.
  • Vocational vs. Academic Tracks: Vocational schools, focusing on practical skills and job-specific training, might use a grading scale that emphasizes practical competencies and hands-on performance, potentially differing from the more theory-focused academic track.

Teacher Discretion in Grading

Teachers in Albania, as elsewhere, have a degree of discretion in how they apply the grading scale to student work. This flexibility allows educators to account for the difficulty of assignments, the improvement over time, and individual student circumstances. However, it can also lead to variations in grading practices, even within the same institution.

Handling Failing Grades

Failing grades are treated with particular consideration in the Albanian education system. Here’s how:

  • Remedial Opportunities: Students receiving grades below the passing threshold are often given opportunities for remediation, such as retaking exams or completing additional assignments, to improve their scores.
  • Academic Support: Schools may offer tutoring, extra lessons, or counseling to help struggling students address the gaps in their knowledge or skills.
  • Repeat Year/Subject: In some cases, students may need to repeat the year or a particular subject if they fail to meet the minimum grade requirements, emphasizing mastery of the curriculum before progression.

Variations in Higher Education

  • Graduate Studies: Grading in graduate programs may follow a different scale or set higher standards for achievement, reflecting the advanced level of study and research.
  • Coursework vs. Thesis Evaluation: Courses involving significant research components, like a thesis or dissertation, may be graded on criteria that differ from standard coursework, such as originality, depth of research, and contribution to the field.

These special grading considerations highlight the adaptive nature of the Albanian educational system, aiming to balance standardization with the flexibility needed to address the diverse needs of students and the evolving demands of education.


Q: What is the passing grade in Albania for high school and university?
A: The passing grade in Albania is generally considered to be 4 out of 10 for both high school and university levels. However, for higher education, a grade below 6 might be considered failing, depending on the specific course or institution’s requirements.

Q: Can grades in Albania be appealed?
A: Yes, students in Albania have the right to appeal their grades if they believe the grading was unfair or incorrect. The specific process for appealing grades varies by institution but typically involves a review by a committee or an opportunity to retake the exam.

Q: How do ‘+’ and ‘-‘ variations affect my grade?
A: The ‘+’ and ‘-‘ symbols are used by some schools to provide more nuanced feedback within a grade level, indicating the higher or lower end of a grade category. While they can give a clearer picture of performance, not all institutions include these variations in calculating the final GPA.

Q: Are there differences in grading between different subjects?
A: Yes, grading can vary between subjects to reflect the difference in assessment criteria. For example, practical or performance-based subjects like art or physical education might use criteria different from theoretical subjects like mathematics or history.

Q: How is academic performance evaluated in vocational schools?
A: In vocational schools, academic performance is often evaluated based on practical skills and the ability to apply knowledge to real-world tasks. While the same grading scale may be used, the emphasis is on practical competencies rather than theoretical knowledge.

Q: What happens if I fail a subject in Albania?
A: If you fail a subject in Albania, you may be given the opportunity to retake exams or complete additional work to improve your grade. In some cases, you might need to repeat the subject or the entire academic year.

These FAQs provide a broad overview of the grading system in Albania, offering insights into how grades are determined, appealed, and interpreted across different educational contexts.

Additional Resources

Finding reliable and detailed information on the Albanian grading system can be essential for students, parents, and educators seeking to navigate or understand the educational landscape in Albania. Here are some official sources and helpful websites that offer authoritative insights into Albania’s grading practices:

  1. Ministry of Education, Sports and Youth of Albania ( This is the official government website for education in Albania. It provides comprehensive information on educational policies, including grading standards, curriculum guidelines, and examination procedures.
  2. Albanian Qualifications Framework (AKKSH) ( This site details the Albanian Qualifications Framework, which aligns with European standards for education and training. It offers insights into how different levels of education are graded and recognized.
  3. Educational Testing Service of Albania: While a specific website is not listed, the Educational Testing Service (ETS) in Albania often conducts standardized testing and assessments. Searching for ETS Albania can provide resources related to standardized exams and grading criteria used in higher education admissions and assessment.
  4. Albanian University Websites: Many Albanian universities have their grading policies and scales available on their official websites. For instance, the University of Tirana ( and the Polytechnic University of Tirana ( offer insights into grading at the tertiary level.
  5. International Baccalaureate (IB) Schools in Albania: For international curriculum standards, IB schools in Albania, such as the Tirana International School (, provide grading scales that might differ from the national system but are recognized globally.

These resources can serve as a starting point for anyone looking to understand or engage with the Albanian educational system, from grading scales to academic standards and beyond.