Nepal Grading System

High School Grade Scale

The grading system for high school in Nepal, often for grades 11 and 12, follows a distinct structure compared to earlier education levels. Here’s a breakdown of the grades, their English equivalents, and the corresponding percentage ranges and GPA values:

Nepal GradesComparable English TermsPercentage RangeGPA
AVery Good80-89%3.6
BAbove Average60-69%2.8
FFailBelow 30%0.0

College Grade Scale

At the college or university level in Nepal, the grading scale becomes slightly more nuanced, especially for undergraduate and postgraduate studies. There can be variations between institutions, but a common scale includes:

Nepal GradesComparable English TermsPercentage RangeGPA
B+Very Good70-79%3.3
FFailBelow 45%0.0

Note: Some schools and colleges use ‘+’ and ‘-‘ to further differentiate grades within these broad categories. For example, an ‘A-‘ might be used for percentages at the lower end of the ‘A’ range, such as 80-82%, and an ‘A+’ for percentages at the top, such as 88-89%. These variations can slightly affect GPA calculations, offering a more nuanced reflection of a student’s performance.

Stay tuned for a deep dive into what each grade signifies and how they compare to other international grading systems!

Nepal Grade Comparison

To put Nepal’s grading system into perspective, let’s compare it with the grading systems of other countries, such as the US, UK, India, Australia, Canada, and China. This comparison will help students, educators, and parents understand how academic performance is measured and interpreted across different educational landscapes.

Comparison Table

Nepal GradesUS GradesUK GradesIndia GradesAustralia GradesCanada GradesChina Grades
A+A+First Class HonoursO (Outstanding)HD (High Distinction)A+A+
AAUpper Second Class (2:1)A+D (Distinction)AA
B+A-Lower Second Class (2:2)AC (Credit)A-A-
BB+Third ClassB+P (Pass)BB+
C+BPassBP (Pass) – LowerB-B
CC+CF (Fail) – HigherC+C+
DCP (Pass)F (Fail)CC
FFFailF (Fail)F (Fail)FF

Key Observations

  • High Achievement (A+, A, B+): In most systems, grades in this range indicate excellent to very good performance. There’s a general alignment with the top grades across countries, signifying outstanding understanding and mastery of course content.
  • Moderate Success (B, C+): Represents a good to satisfactory grasp of the subject matter. Different countries may interpret these grades differently, but they generally indicate above-average to average performance.
  • Minimum Passing (C, D): The passing criteria vary significantly across countries. For instance, a ‘C’ in Nepal might correspond to a lower but passing grade in other systems, while ‘D’ often signifies barely passing.
  • Failure (F): An ‘F’ grade is universally recognized as failing, indicating that the student has not met the required minimum standards.

Implications for International Education

Understanding these differences is crucial for students planning to study abroad, educators assessing foreign transcripts, and institutions setting admission criteria for international students. The comparison highlights the diversity in grading philosophies and the importance of context when interpreting academic performance across borders.

Next, we’ll delve into special grading considerations across different states and school types in Nepal, offering insight into how grading practices can vary within the country itself.

Special Grading Considerations

In Nepal, the grading system can vary across different states and school types, reflecting diverse educational practices and assessment methodologies. Understanding these variations is essential for educators, students, and parents to navigate the educational landscape effectively.

Variations Across States and School Types

Public vs. Private Schools

  • Public Schools: Tend to follow the standard grading system issued by the government educational authority. However, resource limitations may impact the consistency and depth of assessment.
  • Private Schools: While adhering to the national curriculum, private schools might implement additional assessment criteria or use a more detailed grading scale to differentiate student performance further.

Technical and Vocational Education

  • Technical Institutes: May use a different grading scale that emphasizes practical skills and competencies. The focus is often on pass/fail outcomes for specific competencies rather than traditional academic grades.

Grading Practices and Teacher Discretion

  • Teacher Discretion: The interpretation of grades can vary significantly among teachers, even within the same institution. Some educators may grade more leniently, while others adopt a stricter assessment standard.
  • Subjective Elements: Especially in subjects requiring subjective assessment (like art, literature, and social studies), grades may reflect the educator’s personal judgment to some extent.

Handling of Failing Grades

  • Reassessment and Improvement: Students receiving failing grades (F) usually have the opportunity to retake exams or complete additional assignments to improve their scores.
  • Support Systems: Schools often provide tutoring or remedial classes for students struggling with their courses, aiming to help them achieve the minimum passing grades.

Impact of External Examinations

  • Board Exams: In Nepal, board exams at the end of grade 10 (SEE – Secondary Education Examination) and grade 12 play a significant role in determining a student’s academic future. The grading in these exams follows a national standard, but preparation and performance can vary widely.

Cultural and Regional Differences

  • Cultural Influences: Educational priorities and grading expectations can differ based on cultural values and regional educational policies, affecting how grades are perceived and pursued.
  • Regional Variations: Rural vs. urban schools may experience disparities in resources, teaching quality, and grading standards, reflecting broader socio-economic differences.

Understanding these special grading considerations highlights the complexity of the educational system in Nepal and the need for a nuanced approach to evaluating academic achievement. Recognizing the diversity in grading practices helps in creating a more inclusive and equitable educational environment.

Stay tuned for FAQs about the Nepal grading system, which will address common queries and concerns!


Here are some frequently asked questions about the Nepal grading system and scale, aimed at providing clarity on common inquiries.

Q: What does a ‘Plus’ (+) or ‘Minus’ (-) beside a grade mean?
A: The ‘Plus’ (+) and ‘Minus’ (-) signs are used to provide more granularity within a grade category. For instance, a B+ would indicate a performance slightly higher than a B but not quite reaching an A. Similarly, a B- would be slightly lower than a B. These distinctions help in more accurately reflecting a student’s performance.

Q: How is GPA calculated in Nepal’s grading system?
A: GPA (Grade Point Average) in Nepal is calculated by assigning a numerical value to each grade (e.g., A+ = 4.0), multiplying this value by the credit hours for each course, summing these for all courses, and then dividing by the total number of credit hours taken. The process might slightly vary across different institutions.

Q: Can I improve my grade if I am not satisfied with it?
A: Yes, students often have the opportunity to retake exams or improve their coursework to better their grades. Policies on grade improvement vary by institution, so it’s advisable to check with your school or college.

Q: How do failing grades affect my academic progress?
A: Failing grades (F) typically mean that you have not met the minimum criteria to pass a course. You might need to retake the course or meet additional requirements to progress. Continuous support and counseling are usually available to help students overcome academic challenges.

Q: Are there significant differences in grading between different regions in Nepal?
A: While the national grading system provides a framework, regional differences might exist, influenced by factors like resources, teaching methods, and cultural values. Urban schools might have more standardized testing and grading practices compared to rural areas.

Q: How are grades in Nepal viewed by international universities?
A: International universities often have their criteria for evaluating foreign grades. They may use conversion tables or seek detailed information about the grading system. It’s essential to provide comprehensive documentation and, if necessary, seek an evaluation from a recognized credential evaluation service.

Q: Is there grade inflation in Nepal?
A: Like many educational systems worldwide, grade inflation can occur, where grades progressively increase over time without a corresponding improvement in learning or achievement. Educational authorities continuously monitor and adjust grading policies to address such concerns.

If you have more questions about the Nepal grading system, feel free to ask! Further insights and detailed information can be obtained from educational authorities and institutions.

Additional Resources

For those looking to delve deeper into the grading system in Nepal or seeking official guidelines and documentation, here are some recommended .edu and .gov websites that provide authoritative information and support:

1. Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MoEST)

  • This official government website offers comprehensive details on educational policies, regulations, and grading standards across Nepal. It’s a primary source for official announcements and updates regarding the education system.

2. National Examination Board (NEB)

  • NEB is responsible for conducting and managing examinations for secondary education in Nepal. Their site provides specifics on examination schedules, grading criteria, and results. Useful for students preparing for the SEE and Grade 12 examinations.

3. Tribhuvan University

  • As the largest university in Nepal, Tribhuvan University’s website contains valuable information on higher education grading standards, academic programs, and examination policies.

4. Kathmandu University

  • Kathmandu University offers details on its grading system, academic calendar, and course offerings. It’s a useful resource for students interested in understanding grading practices in higher education institutions in Nepal.

5. Council for Technical Education and Vocational Training (CTEVT)

  • CTEVT’s website provides information on technical and vocational education training in Nepal, including grading criteria for various vocational qualifications and skill certifications.

These resources offer a wealth of information for students, educators, and researchers interested in the specifics of Nepal’s educational system, grading scales, and academic standards. Whether you’re a student planning your studies, a teacher seeking to understand grading practices, or a researcher looking into educational policies, these sites are valuable starting points for accurate and up-to-date information.