Virginia Schools Grading Policy

Overview of Virginia Grading Policy

Virginia’s grading policy is designed to provide a clear and consistent framework for evaluating student performance across the state. The grading system emphasizes transparency, fairness, and a balanced approach to assess both academic achievement and mastery of key skills. Schools in Virginia utilize a combination of traditional grade scales, mastery scales, and standards-based grading to ensure a comprehensive evaluation of student learning.

Grade Scale

Virginia uses a standard letter grade system to evaluate student performance. Below is the grading chart used across most schools in Virginia:

Letter GradePercentage RangeDescription

Mastery Scale

In addition to traditional grading, Virginia schools also use a mastery scale to assess students’ understanding of key concepts and skills. This scale provides a more detailed picture of student progress.

Mastery LevelDescription
4Advanced Understanding
3Proficient Understanding
2Basic Understanding
1Limited Understanding
0No Evidence of Understanding

Standards-Based Grading

Virginia incorporates standards-based grading to focus on students’ mastery of specific skills and standards rather than cumulative scores. This method provides a more accurate reflection of a student’s capabilities in relation to the curriculum standards.

Performance LevelDescription
4Exceeds Standards
3Meets Standards
2Approaching Standards
1Below Standards
N/ANot Assessed


  1. What is the grading scale used in Virginia schools?
    Virginia schools use a letter grade system ranging from A+ to F, with corresponding percentage ranges.
  2. How does the mastery scale work?
    The mastery scale assesses students on a scale from 0 to 4, indicating their level of understanding from no evidence to advanced understanding.
  3. What is standards-based grading?
    Standards-based grading evaluates students’ mastery of specific standards rather than overall cumulative scores.
  4. How are grades calculated in Virginia schools?
    Grades are typically calculated based on a combination of assignments, tests, projects, and participation, following the standard grade scale.
  5. Can parents access their child’s grades online?
    Yes, many Virginia schools offer online portals where parents can view their child’s grades and progress.
  6. What happens if a student fails a course?
    Students who fail a course may need to retake it during summer school or the following academic year to earn the required credit.
  7. Are there honors or advanced classes in Virginia schools?
    Yes, Virginia schools offer honors and Advanced Placement (AP) classes that follow a weighted grading system.
  8. How does Virginia handle grading for special education students?
    Special education students are graded based on their Individualized Education Plan (IEP) goals and accommodations.
  9. What are the implications of a D grade in Virginia?
    A D grade indicates poor performance but is still passing. However, it may impact a student’s overall GPA and eligibility for certain programs.
  10. How do schools ensure grading fairness and consistency?
    Schools implement grading policies and teacher training to ensure fairness and consistency in evaluating student performance.


Here are some valuable resources for understanding Virginia’s grading policy:

Grading Policy for Schools in Virginia 📚