Uganda Grading System

High School Grade Scale

The grading system for high secondary education in Uganda is distinct and follows a specific structure. Here’s a breakdown of the grades, their comparable English terms, equivalent percentage ranges, and, where applicable, the Grade Point Average (GPA):

Uganda GradesComparable English TermsEquivalent Percentage RangeGPA
D2Very Good80-89%3.6
C4Above Average60-69%2.8

In certain schools, variations such as ‘+’ and ‘-‘ may be added to these grades to further differentiate student performance within these ranges.

College / University Grade Scale

For higher education institutions in Uganda, including colleges and universities, the grading scale slightly differs, as shown in the table below:

Uganda GradesComparable English TermsEquivalent Percentage RangeGPA
B+Very Good75-79%4.5
B-Above Average65-69%3.5
DVery Poor40-44%1.0

Again, some institutions may adopt ‘+’ and ‘-‘ variations to provide a more granular assessment of student performance. Additionally, there may be multiple grading scales in use across different universities and colleges, often depending on the specific course or faculty standards.

Stay tuned for a deeper understanding of what each grade signifies and how they are applied in the context of Ugandan education.

Understanding Grades in Uganda

Grading in Uganda’s educational system provides a comprehensive assessment of students’ understanding and mastery of course content, from high school to university levels. Let’s dive into what each grade signifies, adding a touch of friendliness with emojis to lighten the mood.

🌟 D1 (Excellent)

  • High School: Represents exceptional understanding and mastery of the subject matter. Students achieving this grade have demonstrated outstanding performance, often going above and beyond the basic curriculum requirements.
  • University: This grade is typically not used at the university level in Uganda.

😊 D2 (Very Good)

  • High School: Indicates a very good grasp of the subject, with students showing strong abilities and a high level of achievement.
  • University: Similar to D1, this grade is more common in high school settings than at universities.

👍 C3 (Good)

  • High School: A ‘good’ rating shows that the student has a solid understanding of the material and can apply concepts effectively.
  • University: At the university level, the equivalent would be a ‘B’ grade, indicating good performance and comprehension.

🙂 C4 (Above Average)

  • High School: This grade points to an above-average understanding, where the student has performed well but not at the top of the class.
  • University: This might correlate to a ‘B-‘ in university, suggesting slightly above-average comprehension and skills.

🆗 C5 (Average)

  • High School: Signifies an average performance, with the student meeting the basic learning objectives.
  • University: Equivalent to a ‘C+’ at the university level, indicating satisfactory achievement in line with standard expectations.

😅 C6 (Satisfactory)

  • High School: A ‘satisfactory’ grade means the student has met the minimum criteria to pass but may need to improve in certain areas.
  • University: In higher education, this would be akin to a ‘C’, denoting basic comprehension and the need for further improvement.

😬 P7 (Pass)

  • High School: Indicates a borderline pass, with students showing just enough understanding to move forward.
  • University: Comparable to a ‘C-‘ grade in universities, highlighting a need for significant improvement.

🚫 P8/F9 (Fail/Poor)

  • High School: These grades show insufficient understanding of the subject matter, with students failing to meet the minimum academic standards.
  • University: At the university level, a ‘D’ or ‘F’ reflects failing grades, indicating that the student has not achieved the required competencies.

Understanding the grading scale is crucial for students, parents, and educators alike, as it provides clear benchmarks for academic performance and expectations. By recognizing what each grade signifies, stakeholders can better support students in their educational journeys, aiming for continuous improvement and success.

Uganda Grade Comparison

In the global academic landscape, understanding how grades compare across different countries can be invaluable for students studying abroad, educators assessing foreign transcripts, and professionals evaluating international qualifications. Below is a comparative table that outlines how the Ugandan grading system aligns with those of the United States (US), United Kingdom (UK), India, Australia, Canada, and China.

High School Grade Comparison

Uganda GradesUS GradesUK Grades (GCSE)India GradesAustralia GradesCanada GradesChina Grades
D1A+9 (A*)91-100 (A1)A+A+A+ (95-100)
D2A8 (A)81-90 (A2)AAA (90-94)
C3B+7 (A)71-80 (B1)B+B+B+ (85-89)
C4B6 (B)61-70 (B2)BBB (80-84)
C5C+5 (C+)51-60 (C1)C+C+C+ (75-79)
C6C4 (C)41-50 (C2)CCC (70-74)
P7D3 (D)33-40 (D)DDD (65-69)
P8F2 (E)21-32 (E)FFF (60-64)
F9F1 (F)0-20 (F)FFF (0-59)

College/University Grade Comparison

Uganda GradesUS GradesUK Grades (Degree)India GradesAustralia GradesCanada GradesChina Grades
AAFirst-class Honors75-100 (O)High DistinctionAA (85-100)
B+A-Upper Second Class65-74 (A)DistinctionA-A- (80-84)
BB+Upper Second Class55-64 (B+)CreditB+B+ (75-79)
B-BLower Second Class50-54 (B)PassBB (70-74)
C+B-Lower Second Class45-49 (C)PassB-C+ (65-69)
CC+Third Class40-44 (P)PassC+C (60-64)
C-CThird Class35-39PassCD (55-59)
D+DPass/Fail30-34FailDE (50-54)
DFFail0-29FailFF (0-49)
FFFailFailFF (0-49)

This table provides a general guideline for comparing grading scales. However, it’s important to note that grade conversion can vary significantly based on the specific context, such as the field of study, the institution, and even the country’s education system’s particular nuances. Always consult with an academic advisor or a professional evaluation service when making official comparisons or decisions based on grade equivalencies.

Special Grading Considerations:

In Uganda, as in many countries, grading can vary significantly across different regions, schools, and even between teachers within the same institution. This variation can be attributed to several factors including educational policies, institutional standards, and individual educator discretion. Let’s explore some of these special grading considerations.

Variations Across Regions and Schools

  • Regional Differences: Some regions in Uganda may have educational boards that set specific grading standards for their schools. These can slightly differ in how grades are interpreted or applied, especially in borderline cases where a student’s performance might be on the cusp of two grades.
  • Private vs. Public Schools: Private schools often have the autonomy to adopt their grading scales, which might be more rigorous or lenient than the national standard. Public schools, on the other hand, tend to follow the national grading system more closely.

Teacher Discretion

  • Grading Practices: Teachers have a certain level of discretion in grading, especially when it comes to assignments, projects, and oral examinations. For example, one teacher might place more emphasis on creativity and original thinking, while another might prioritize accuracy and adherence to instructions.
  • Subjectivity in Scoring: Subjects that involve subjective evaluation, such as art and literature, can see a wider variation in grading between teachers. This is because assessment criteria can be interpreted differently based on an educator’s perspective.

Handling of Failing Grades

  • Remedial Measures: Schools may offer remedial classes or extra tutoring for students who receive failing grades, providing them with the opportunity to improve their understanding and performance in subsequent exams.
  • Re-sit Exams: Some institutions allow students to re-sit exams for subjects in which they received failing grades. This is often seen as a second chance to achieve a passing score and advance to the next grade level or graduate.
  • Academic Probation: At the university level, students who consistently receive low grades may be placed on academic probation, a period during which they must improve their grades to avoid suspension or expulsion from their program.

Understanding these variations and considerations is crucial for stakeholders in the education sector, including students, parents, and educators. Recognizing the nuances of the grading system can help in setting realistic expectations, providing appropriate support to students, and fostering a more inclusive and equitable educational environment.


What does a D1 grade mean in Uganda?
A D1 grade represents the highest level of achievement in the Ugandan grading system for secondary education, indicating excellent understanding and mastery of the subject matter, generally corresponding to a percentage range of 90-100%.

How does the university grading system in Uganda differ from the high school grading system?
The university grading system in Uganda is more detailed, using a range from A to F, with ‘+’ and ‘-‘ variations to provide a more granular assessment of student performance. This system allows for a broader differentiation between levels of academic achievement, with A being the highest and F the lowest.

Can grades vary between different schools and teachers in Uganda?
Yes, grading can vary between different schools and even among teachers within the same school. Variations may be due to regional educational policies, private versus public school standards, and individual teacher discretion in grading practices, especially for subjects that involve subjective evaluation.

What happens if a student receives a failing grade in Uganda?
Students who receive a failing grade may have several options depending on their school’s policies, including remedial classes, the opportunity to re-sit exams, or academic probation at the university level. These measures are designed to provide students with a chance to improve their understanding and performance.

How are Ugandan grades compared to international grading systems?
Ugandan grades can be roughly compared to international grading systems using equivalency tables. However, these comparisons should be viewed as general guidelines, as grade conversion can vary significantly based on the specific context and the standards of the institution or country involved.

Is there a difference in grading between private and public schools in Uganda?
Private schools in Uganda may adopt their own grading scales, which can be more rigorous or lenient than the national standard followed by public schools. This autonomy allows private schools to tailor their grading practices to their educational philosophy and standards.

Are there special considerations for grading subjective subjects like art and literature?
Yes, subjects that involve subjective evaluation, such as art and literature, can see a wider variation in grading between teachers. This variation is due to the subjective nature of assessing creativity, originality, and interpretation, which can differ from one educator to another.

These FAQs aim to clarify common questions about the Ugandan grading system, helping students, parents, and educators navigate the complexities of academic assessment and standards in Uganda.

Additional Resources

For more detailed information about the grading system in Uganda and to access official guidelines, the following websites can be invaluable resources. These sites are primarily .edu or .gov, ensuring that the information provided is reliable and authoritative:

  1. Uganda National Examinations Board (UNEB)
  • This site offers detailed information on examination grading systems for primary, secondary, and tertiary education in Uganda. It’s a primary source for official grading criteria, examination schedules, and results.
  1. Ministry of Education and Sports Uganda
  • The Ministry’s website provides comprehensive details on the educational policies, standards, and curricula, including grading systems across different levels of education. It’s an essential resource for understanding the educational framework in Uganda.
  1. Uganda Universities and Tertiary Institutions – Individual websites of Uganda’s universities and tertiary institutions, such as Makerere University (, provide specific grading scales used at the university level, academic regulations, and program-specific grading criteria.
  2. Uganda Qualifications Authority (UQA)
  • UQA’s website offers insights into qualifications recognition, equivalency, and quality assurance in higher education in Uganda. It’s useful for understanding how Ugandan qualifications compare internationally.

These resources are crucial for students, educators, policymakers, and researchers interested in the specifics of Uganda’s education system, including grading practices, examination standards, and academic policies. Whether you’re a local student navigating the education system or an international academic looking to understand Uganda’s grading standards, these sites provide authoritative information and guidance.