Madagascar Grading System

High School Grade Scale

The grading system in Madagascar for high school (secondary education) primarily follows a numerical scale that is often converted into grades for clarity and international comparability. Below is a table that outlines the most common grading scale for high schools in Madagascar, along with comparable English terms, the equivalent percentage range, and the corresponding Grade Point Average (GPA) where applicable. Note that some schools might use ‘+’ and ‘-‘ to indicate slight variations within a grade level.

Madagascar GradesComparable English TermsPercentage RangeGPA (4.0 Scale)
15-19Very Good80-89%3.0-3.9
0-6FailBelow 60%0.0

College Grade Scale

At the college or university level, Madagascar might use a similar grading scale, but with more emphasis on the higher education standards and expectations. The table below represents a generalized version, which can slightly vary from one institution to another.

Madagascar GradesComparable English TermsPercentage RangeGPA (4.0 Scale)
10-14Very Good70-79%2.0-2.9
0-6UnsatisfactoryBelow 60%0.0

Keep in mind that the ‘+’ and ‘-‘ variations might be used within certain schools to further differentiate performance within these ranges. Also, some institutions might have multiple grading scales for different faculties or courses, reflecting specific academic rigor or criteria.

Understanding Grades in Madagascar

Grades in Madagascar are not just numbers; they reflect a student’s academic performance and understanding of the subject matter. Here’s a deep dive into what each grade signifies:

🌟 20 – Excellent

  • Symbol: 🌟
  • Meaning: Achieving a grade of 20 is exceptional, indicating perfect or near-perfect mastery of the subject. It reflects outstanding knowledge, skill, and the ability to apply concepts in a clear, innovative, and comprehensive manner.

🎓 15-19 – Very Good

  • Symbol: 🎓
  • Meaning: This range is indicative of a very high level of understanding and proficiency. Students scoring within this bracket have demonstrated a strong grasp of the material, with minor areas for improvement. It’s a testament to hard work and a deep understanding of the course content.

👍 10-14 – Good

  • Symbol: 👍
  • Meaning: A ‘Good’ rating signifies a solid comprehension of the subject with satisfactory execution of tasks and assignments. While there may be some errors or gaps in knowledge, the overall performance is more than adequate, showing that the student has a good foundation to build upon.

😊 7-9 – Satisfactory

  • Symbol: 😊
  • Meaning: Scoring in this range means the student has met the minimum requirements for understanding the subject matter. The performance is adequate, but there’s considerable room for improvement. It indicates a basic grasp of the concepts, with some difficulties in application or analysis.

😟 0-6 – Fail

  • Symbol: 😟
  • Meaning: Falling below the threshold of 7, a score in this range is considered failing. It suggests insufficient understanding or inability to meet the basic criteria of the course. This grade is a call to action for the student to seek additional help, review the material, or reassess their study methods.

Understanding these grades and what they represent helps students, parents, and educators to better communicate about academic performance and areas for growth. It’s important to approach grades as a tool for feedback and improvement, rather than as a final judgment.

Madagascar Grade Comparison

Comparing the grading system of Madagascar with those of other countries can provide insights into the relative academic expectations and assessment criteria. This table offers a broad comparison with the grading systems of the US, UK, India, Australia, Canada, and China, highlighting how Madagascar grades might be interpreted within these various educational contexts.

Madagascar GradesUS GradesUK GradesIndia GradesAustralia GradesCanada GradesChina Grades
20A+First-class Honours (1st)O (Outstanding)HD (High Distinction)A+A+ (Excellent)
15-19AUpper Second-class Honours (2:1)A+D (Distinction)AA (Excellent)
10-14BLower Second-class Honours (2:2)AC (Credit)BB (Good)
7-9CThird-class Honours (3rd)B+P (Pass)CC (Average)
0-6FFailF (Fail)F (Fail)FD (Fail)

This comparison should be used as a guideline rather than an exact conversion, as grading practices can vary significantly even within countries based on the institution, the level of study, and the specific program or course. Furthermore, it’s important to remember that grades are often accompanied by detailed feedback, which provides a more nuanced understanding of a student’s performance and areas for improvement.

Special Grading Considerations

The grading system in Madagascar, like in many countries, is subject to variations across different states, school types, and educational levels. These differences reflect the diversity of educational practices and the flexibility required to cater to various academic and vocational training needs.

Variations Across States and School Types

  • Public vs. Private Institutions: Public schools in Madagascar generally follow the national grading scheme strictly. However, private institutions may adopt additional criteria or scales that reflect their specific educational philosophies or international standards.
  • Technical and Vocational Education: For technical and vocational education, practical skills assessment might play a more significant role, leading to a grading scale that emphasizes hands-on performance and practical competencies over theoretical knowledge.

Grading Practices and Teacher Discretion

  • Teacher Discretion: Within the guidelines provided by educational authorities, teachers may have some discretion in grading. This can include how they weigh assignments, participation, and exams, or how they interpret the ‘+’ and ‘-‘ variations within grade levels.
  • Subjectivity in Arts and Humanities: In subjects like the arts and humanities, where assessment can be more subjective, teachers might use a broader range of criteria to evaluate a student’s work, leading to more diverse grading outcomes.

Handling of Failing Grades

  • Remedial Support: Students receiving failing grades (below 7/20) are often offered remedial classes or additional support to help them reach the required competency level.
  • Re-examination Opportunities: There may be policies in place that allow students to retake exams or resubmit assignments to improve their grades, especially in cases where they are close to passing.

Impact on Student Progression

  • Grade Recovery: The ability to recover from a failing grade varies, with some schools offering summer sessions or special tutoring programs aimed at helping students catch up.
  • Promotion and Retention Policies: Schools have policies regarding promotion to the next grade level or graduation requirements, which might include minimum GPA requirements, successful completion of core subjects, or retaking a year in case of multiple failing grades.

Understanding these variations and special considerations is crucial for students, parents, and educators to navigate the educational system in Madagascar effectively. It highlights the importance of communication and engagement with the educational process to ensure that grading reflects a fair and accurate measure of student achievement and progress.


Below are some frequently asked questions about the Madagascar grading system and scale, designed to provide quick and clear answers to common inquiries.

Q: What is considered a passing grade in Madagascar high schools?
A: A grade of 7 out of 20 or higher is generally considered passing in Madagascar high schools.

Q: Can students in Madagascar retake exams if they fail?
A: Yes, students may be given opportunities to retake exams or improve their grades through additional assignments, depending on the school’s policies.

Q: How do Madagascar grades convert to the GPA system?
A: Conversion to the GPA system can vary, but generally, a score of 20 translates to a 4.0 GPA, with a sliding scale down to 0 for scores below the passing mark.

Q: Are there differences in grading between public and private schools in Madagascar?
A: Yes, while both follow the national grading scheme, private schools may have additional or slightly different criteria for grading, reflecting their unique educational approaches.

Q: How are practical and vocational courses graded in Madagascar?
A: Practical and vocational courses often place a greater emphasis on hands-on skills and may use a grading scale that reflects practical competencies and performances more than theoretical knowledge.

Q: What does a grade of 20 signify in Madagascar?
A: A grade of 20 signifies exceptional performance, indicating perfect or near-perfect mastery of the subject matter.

These FAQs provide a snapshot of the grading system in Madagascar, offering insights into how students are assessed and what those assessments mean for their academic progress.

Additional Resources

For further information on the grading system in Madagascar, including detailed guidelines, policy documents, and support services, consider exploring the following official sources:

  • Ministry of National Education of Madagascar ( This official government website provides comprehensive details on the national education system, including grading policies, curriculum standards, and examination guidelines. It’s a primary source for official documents and updates related to education in Madagascar.
  • Madagascar Educational Research Network ( An online portal offering access to a wide range of educational research, including studies on grading practices, assessment methods, and educational outcomes in Madagascar. It’s a valuable resource for educators, researchers, and policymakers.
  • National Center for Educational Resources of Madagascar ( This center provides a variety of educational resources, including teaching materials, assessment tools, and professional development opportunities for educators. It also offers insights into effective grading practices and how to support student learning.

These websites are authoritative sources for accurate and up-to-date information on the Madagascar grading system and educational policies. They offer valuable resources for students, parents, educators, and anyone interested in understanding or researching education in Madagascar.