Cyprus Grading System

High School Grade Scale

In Cyprus, the grading system for high secondary education (high school) is often based on a scale from 1 to 20, where 10 is typically the minimum passing grade. However, for the purpose of international understanding, this scale is frequently compared to both the English terms and a percentage range. Below is a table that outlines the main grade scales used in Cyprus for high school education, along with their comparable English terms, equivalent percentage ranges, and the GPA (Grade Point Average) on a scale of 0 to 4.0, where applicable.

Cyprus GradesEnglish TermsPercentage RangeGPA
17-18.9Very Good80-89%3.0-3.9
Below 10FailBelow 50%0.0

College / University Grade Scale

At the college or university level in Cyprus, the grading scale can vary slightly from institution to institution but generally aligns with the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) grading scale. This scale is designed to make it easier to transfer grades between countries within the European Union. The table below shows a common grading scale for higher education institutions in Cyprus, alongside comparable English terms, equivalent percentage ranges, and GPA values.

Cyprus GradesEnglish TermsPercentage RangeECTS GradeGPA
A (90-100%)Excellent90-100%A4.0
B (80-89%)Very Good80-89%B3.0-3.9
C (70-79%)Good70-79%C2.0-2.9
D (60-69%)Satisfactory60-69%D1.0-1.9
E (50-59%)Pass50-59%E0.5-0.9
Fx (40-49%)Conditional Fail40-49%FXN/A
F (Below 40%)FailBelow 40%F0.0

In both high schools and higher education institutions, there may be variations such as ‘+’ and ‘-‘ within certain grades, indicating a slightly higher or lower performance within the grade boundary. For example, a “B+” might indicate a performance closer to the “A” range but not quite meeting the criteria for an “A” grade.

This comprehensive overview aims to provide a clear and informative understanding of the main grade scales used in Cyprus, facilitating comparisons and interpretations for both local and international contexts. Stay tuned for deeper insights into each grade’s meaning and further comparisons with other grading systems!

Understanding Grades in Cyprus

The grading system in Cyprus is designed to give clear feedback on students’ academic performance. Here’s a closer look at what each grade level signifies, adding a touch of emoji fun to represent each grade’s vibe! πŸŽ“

🌟 Excellent (19-20 | A)

Grades in the range of 19-20 (or an A in college/university) signify exceptional performance. Students achieving these grades have demonstrated a deep understanding of the subject matter, excellent critical thinking skills, and the ability to apply knowledge in new and complex situations. It’s the academic gold standard, showing that you’ve gone above and beyond in your studies.

😊 Very Good (17-18.9 | B)

A grade between 17 and 18.9 (or a B at the higher education level) indicates very good performance. Students with these grades have shown strong understanding and competence in the subject area. They’ve grasped the main concepts and can apply their knowledge effectively, though there may be room for deeper insight or broader application.

πŸ‘ Good (15-16.9 | C)

Grades from 15 to 16.9 (or a C in tertiary education) are considered good. These students have a satisfactory understanding of the subject. They meet the basic learning objectives and can apply their knowledge in familiar contexts. There’s a solid foundation, but there might be gaps in understanding or application.

πŸ™‚ Satisfactory (13-14.9 | D)

A satisfactory grade (13-14.9 or D at the university level) means the student has met the minimum criteria to pass. The understanding of core concepts is there, but the application and depth of knowledge might be limited. It’s a nudge that while you’re on the right track, there’s more to explore and improve.

πŸ†— Pass (10-12.9 | E)

Passing grades (10-12.9 or an E in higher education) indicate that the student has achieved the bare minimum to succeed. The essential learning outcomes are met, but just barely. It suggests that the student has understood the basics but needs to put in more effort to improve and build on their knowledge.

⚠️ Fail (Below 10 | F or FX)

Failing grades (below 10 or F/FX in college/university) reflect insufficient understanding or failure to meet the course’s basic requirements. It signals a need for significant improvement and possibly re-taking the course or module. It’s a wake-up call that attention and renewed effort are needed to progress academically.

Understanding these grades is crucial for students, parents, and educators as they provide a clear benchmark for academic performance and expectations. Each grade tells a story of where a student stands and points the way to where they need to go next in their learning journey. πŸš€

Cyprus Grade Comparison

This section provides a comparative overview of how the grading system in Cyprus aligns with those of other major education systems around the world. It’s designed to offer students, educators, and academic professionals a clear reference for understanding how grades translate across borders. Keep in mind that grading systems can vary significantly, and conversions may not always be direct or reflect subtle nuances in academic evaluation.

Comparing Cyprus Grades to International Systems

Cyprus GradesUSUKIndiaAustraliaCanadaChina
A (90-100%)A (4.0 GPA)First (70%+)A1 (91-100%)HD (High Distinction, 80%+)A+ (90-100%)A (90-100%)
B (80-89%)A-/B+ (3.0-3.9 GPA)Upper Second (60-69%)A2 (81-90%)D (Distinction, 70-79%)A (80-89%)A- (85-89%)
C (70-79%)B (2.0-2.9 GPA)Lower Second (50-59%)B1 (71-80%)C (Credit, 60-69%)B+ (75-79%)B+ (80-84%)
D (60-69%)C (1.0-1.9 GPA)Third (40-49%)B2 (61-70%)P (Pass, 50-59%)B (70-74%)B (75-79%)
E (50-59%)D (0.5-0.9 GPA)Pass (40-49%)C1 (51-60%)P- (Pass, 50-59%)C+ (65-69%)C+ (70-74%)
F (Below 50%)F (0.0 GPA)Fail (<40%)C2/F (Below 50%)F (Fail, <50%)F (Below 50%)C (Below 70%)

Notes on Conversion

  • US: The GPA system is widely used, with A (4.0 GPA) being the highest grade, representing excellent performance, and F indicating failure.
  • UK: Grading splits into classes (First, Upper Second, etc.), with a First indicating the highest level of achievement.
  • India: Utilizes a percentage system alongside grades (A1, A2, etc.), with A1 being the highest.
  • Australia: Employs a variety of distinctions (HD, D, etc.) for higher achievement levels, with HD being the highest.
  • Canada: Similar to the US, with letter grades (A+, A, etc.) denoting levels of achievement. Grading can vary slightly between provinces.
  • China: Uses a percentage system with letter grades, where A is the highest achievement.

This table is intended as a general guide. The actual conversion can depend on specific institutions’ policies or the context of the academic evaluation. Always consult with academic advisors or admission officers for the most accurate grade conversion related to specific programs or courses.

Special Grading Considerations

In Cyprus, as in many education systems worldwide, there are various special considerations and practices within the grading system that can affect how grades are assigned and interpreted. These can vary across different states, school types, and even among individual teachers within the same institution. Understanding these nuances can provide deeper insight into the educational and grading process in Cyprus.

Variations Across States and School Types

  • Public vs. Private Institutions: The grading scales and criteria might differ slightly between public and private schools or universities. Private institutions may adopt more international grading systems, especially if they cater to a significant number of international students.
  • Technical vs. General Education: Technical schools or vocational education programs might have different grading considerations, focusing more on practical skills and competencies rather than purely academic performance.

Teacher Discretion

Teachers in Cyprus, as elsewhere, have a certain degree of discretion in how they assess and grade student work. This can lead to variations in grading practices such as:

  • The weight of homework and class participation in the final grade can vary, with some teachers placing more emphasis on these elements than others.
  • The use of ‘+’ and ‘-‘ grades to indicate slight variations above or below a standard grade can differ among teachers, adding a layer of subjectivity to the grading process.

Handling Failing Grades

In Cyprus, failing grades are handled with the intent to support students in overcoming academic challenges:

  • Retake Opportunities: Students who fail a subject may be given the chance to retake exams or complete additional assignments to improve their grades.
  • Support Programs: Schools often offer tutoring, remedial classes, or additional support programs to help students who are struggling academically.
  • Continuous Assessment: Some schools and universities may use a system of continuous assessment to monitor student progress throughout the year, allowing for earlier intervention before final grades are assigned.

Special Accommodations

Students with disabilities or special educational needs may be eligible for special accommodations in assessments and grading. These accommodations are designed to provide an equitable evaluation of their abilities, such as extra time for exams, the use of technology, or alternative assessment methods.

Understanding these special considerations is crucial for a comprehensive view of the grading system in Cyprus. It highlights the flexibility within the system to accommodate diverse educational needs and the emphasis on supporting all students in achieving their academic potential.


Q: What is the minimum passing grade in Cypriot high schools?
A: The minimum passing grade in Cypriot high schools is generally considered to be 10 out of 20. This aligns with a grade of “Pass” or “Satisfactory” depending on the specific grading scale used by the school.

Q: How do university grades in Cyprus compare to those in the US or UK?
A: University grades in Cyprus are often aligned with the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS), which can be directly compared to other grading systems. For instance, an “A” in Cyprus (90-100%) is similar to an “A” in the US (4.0 GPA) or a First Class in the UK (70%+).

Q: Can students retake exams if they fail a subject in Cyprus?
A: Yes, students who fail a subject in Cyprus typically have the opportunity to retake exams or complete additional assignments to improve their grades. Policies may vary by institution, so it’s best to check specific school or university regulations.

Q: Are there special accommodations for students with disabilities?
A: Yes, students with disabilities or special educational needs in Cyprus can receive special accommodations for assessments. These accommodations are designed to provide an equitable evaluation of their abilities and may include extra time for exams, the use of assistive technology, or alternative assessment methods.

Q: How is class participation factored into grades in Cyprus?
A: The impact of class participation on overall grades can vary widely among teachers and institutions in Cyprus. Some may consider it a significant part of the grade, while others may focus more on exam performance and assignments. It’s advisable to understand each teacher’s grading policy at the beginning of the course.

Q: What happens if a student receives a failing grade in college or university in Cyprus?
A: Students receiving a failing grade in college or university in Cyprus may be given several options to improve their standing, including retaking the course, attending supplementary classes, or sitting for a resit exam, depending on the institution’s policies.

These FAQs aim to address common questions about the grading system in Cyprus, providing students, parents, and educators with a clearer understanding of academic evaluation in the country.

Additional Resources

For those seeking more detailed information on the grading system in Cyprus, whether for academic planning, transfer of credits, or understanding educational standards, here are some valuable resources. These websites are either .edu or .gov, ensuring that the information provided is accurate and reliable.

Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Cyprus

  • Website:
  • What it offers: Detailed information on the educational system in Cyprus, including policies, curricula, and grading practices across different levels of education.

Cyprus Agency of Quality Assurance and Accreditation in Higher Education (CYQAA)

  • Website:
  • What it offers: Comprehensive details on accreditation, quality assurance in higher education, and the alignment of Cyprus’s grading system with international standards.

University of Cyprus

  • Website:
  • What it offers: Insight into university-specific grading practices, including how grades are awarded and interpreted within the context of higher education in Cyprus.

Cyprus University of Technology

  • Website:
  • What it offers: Information on grading scales used in technical and engineering disciplines, offering a perspective on how technical universities in Cyprus assess student performance.

These resources can be incredibly helpful for in-depth research on the Cyprus grading system, providing official and authoritative insights into how academic performance is evaluated across various educational levels in Cyprus. Whether you’re a student, educator, or academic professional, exploring these websites can enhance your understanding of Cyprus’s educational standards and practices.